For the Russian anarchist communist organisation known as The Black Banner, see
Black Banner Organization is an Iraqi guerrilla organization battling multinational troops in Iraq. The organization's ideology appears to be radical Sunni Islamism.
Organization [ edit ]
Black Banners has been identified as the armed battalion of the
Secret Islamic Army. The group's leader has been identified as Omar Hadid, an Iraqi who is believed to have international militant Islamist links. A large share of its membership is believed to be composed of non-Iraqi fighters, especially from Syria.
This group is an active member of the
Iraqi insurgency, sharing joint control of Falluja with other militant groups, where it imposes strict Sharia law, and responsible for a number of kidnappings. This includes the abduction of three Indians, two Kenyans, and an Egyptian working for a Kuwaiti company operating in Iraq. The aim was to compel the company to stop its activities in Iraq. The hostages were later released
Attacks against [ edit ]
Coalition military officials believe that a campaign of airstrikes against insurgent safehouses and positions in Fallujah has seriously disrupted the network of the Black Banner Organization. Omar Hadid is said to have narrowly avoided capture by U.S. forces twice.
Sources [ edit ]
Armed groups in the Iraq War
Ba'athist rebels and insurgents
Iraqi Armed Forces and Police
Militias and others
Jaish al-Mujahideen Mujahideen Battalions of the Salafi Group of Iraq
Islamic Salafist Boy Scout Battalions (
Kataab Ashbal Al Islam Al Salafi) Mohammad's Army (aka
A guerrilla group opposed to the coalition forces, composed primarily of Sunnis believed to have Ba'athist ties.
The Iraqi Army, a component of the Iraqi Security Forces tasked with responsibility for all Iraqi land-based military operations following the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
Iraqi Air Force
The Iraqi Police are the organic civil police force of the Republic of Iraq. The police have three main branches.
Iraqi Police Service (IPS): Responsible for the day to day patrolling of cities around most crimes.
National Police (NP): Paramilitary force for counterinsurgency, public-disorder and counter-terrorist tasks.
Supporting Forces: Remaining police organizations, primarily the Department of Border Enforcement (DBE).
Facilities Protection Service
A paramilitary force responsible for protecting government buildings and facilities.
Mahdi Army ( Jaish-i-Mahdi) (جيش المهدي)
The Mahdi Army is a militia force created by the Iraqi Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr in June of 2003, disbanded in 2008.
Abu Deraa's Mahdi Army faction
In the fall of 2006, Abu Deraa and his supporters formed their own militia.
Badr Organization (originally Badr Brigade/Bader Corps) (منظمة بدر)
The armed wing of the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq (SCIRI).
Smuggling network and Insurgent group, which both supplies other insurgents and attacks coalition and Iraqi forces.
Soldiers of Heaven
an armed Iraqi Shi'a sect.
Special Groups (Iraq) Iranian-backed factions of the Mahdi Army which went on to become separate organisations which continued fighting after the Mahdi Army's disbanding.
Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq (League of the Righteous)
The largest Special Group, led by Qais Khazali and later Akram al-Kabi.
Promised Day Brigades
The Special Group which was created as successor of the Mahdi Army and continued activities against US and coalition forces
Kata'ib Hezbollah (Hezbollah Brigades)
The most notorious Special Group, it became completely independent from the Mahdi Army and other Special Groups.
- term used by Kurds to refer to armed Kurdish fighters. The term is now officially used for the security forces of Iraqi Kurdistan.
Kurdistan Workers' Party or PKK. A militant separatist organization which aims to set up an independent Kurdish state in Turkey. As of 2013 has bases in Iraqi Kurdistan's Qandil mountains.
Kurdistan Freedom Falcons or TAK. Radical splinter group from the PKK, currently residing in the Qandil mountains.
Party for a Free Life in Kurdistan or PJAK. A militant organization aiming to overthrow the Islamic government of Iran. As of 2013 taking refuge in the Qandil mountains.