Black Diamond Coal Mining Railroad
The Black Diamond Coal Mining Railroad was 5.9 miles (9.5 km) long and ran from Black Diamond Landing, California (now part of the city of Pittsburg, California) to Nortonville, California. It was owned and operated by the Black Diamond Coal Mining Company and therefore did not have its own official name. Over the years, it has been known by at least four different names. (A report prepared by the State in the 1880s referred to it as both the "Black Diamond Coal Mining Railroad Company" and the "Black Diamond Railroad." It has also been referred to as the "Black Diamond Coal Company Railroad" and the "Black Diamond Coal and Railroad Company.")
The railroad was built by Gold Rush-era civil engineer and artist Sherman Day, and opened for service in 1868 primarily to serve the Black Diamond Coal Mine at Nortonville. At the town of Cornwall, California the railroad crossed the tracks of the Southern Pacific Railroad using an overhead trestle.
It was mostly standard gauge, however there was a small segment that was narrow gauge from the mine portals to coal bunkers.
The railroad had four locomotives, two built in San Francisco by H. J. Booth at the Union Iron Works, one built in San Francisco by Vulcan Iron Works and one from the Baldwin Locomotive Works in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Three locomotives had names: The D. O. Mills (named after Darius Ogden Mills), the Hayward (named after Alvinza Hayward), and the Black Diamond. One locomotive was a narrow-gauge engine that was used to bring mine cars from the mine portals to the bunkers.
Trains ran by gravity from Nortonville to Black Diamond Landing because it was all downhill.
The railroad was abandoned in about 1885 when the Black Diamond Coal Mining Company closed its mine at Nortonville and moved all of its employees to another of the Company's mines at Black Diamond, Washington Territory.
In 1888, two of its locomotives, the D. O. Mills and the Black Diamond were transferred to the Bellingham Bay and British Columbia Railroad ("BB&BC") in the state of Washington. The BB&BC was a company that had strong ties to the Black Diamond Coal Mining Company because the two companies had the same management. The locomotive named Hayward was sold for scrap.
Today, part of the old roadbed can still be seen along Nortonville Road between Pittsburg, California and Nortonville. The terminus at Nortonville is now a historic preserve managed by the East Bay Regional Park District.
- "Map of Antioch Area Coal Mines and Their Railroads Circa 1897-99", wx4.org/to/foam/shortlines/coal/mines.html. Retrieved 2011-02-06.
- "History; The Company", southport-land.com/history. Retrieved 2011-02-02.
- Third Annual Report of the Board of Railroad Commissioners of the State of California for the Years ending December 31, 1880-81-82, pages 345-348.
- Traci Parent and Karen Terhune, Images of America: Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve, Arcadia Publishing, 2009, pages 115-126.
- B. H. Ward, Mt. Diablo Coal Mine Railroads, The Western Railroader, Booklet 370-E.
- The Pacific Tourist, J. R. Bowman, Publisher, 1882, p. 335.
- Gilbert H. Kneiss, Locomotives of The Union Iron Works, Railway and Locomotive Historical Society Bulletin No. 68, November, 1946.
- The move of coal miners from Nortonville, California to Black Diamond, Washington Territory, 1885 by Jacqueline Byer Dial, self published, 1980.
- Fred Jukes, Philip Van Wyck and Bruce B. Cheever, The Bellingham Bay & British Columbia Railroad Company, Railway and Locomotive Historical Society Bulletin No. 84, October, 1951.
- Locomotives of the Union Iron Works
- Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve, part of the East Bay Regional Park District
- "History; The Company" (history of the Black Diamond Coal Mining Company).
- Circa 1897-99 Map of Mt. Diablo Coal Mine Railroads in a private collection.
- Images of America: Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve (Google Books "preview" version)