The Black Eagles
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2012)|
|Participant in Colombian Armed Conflict|
|Active||2006 - Present|
|Leaders||Vicente Castaño (disappeared)|
Black Eagles (Spanish: Águilas Negras) is a term describing a series of Colombian drug trafficking, right wing, counter-revolutionary, paramilitary organizations made up of new and preexisting paramilitary forces, who emerged from the failures of the demobilization process between 2004 and 2006, which aimed to disarm the United Self-Defense Units of Colombia (AUC).
These were first considered to be a third generation of paramilitary groups but there are Colombian military reports suggesting the Águilas Negras are intermediaries in the drug business between the guerrilla and drug cartels outside Colombia. As of 2007 they were reported as active in the city of Barrancabermeja.
The Black Eagles first appeared in the Norte de Santander Department in 2006. On 18 October 2006, President Álvaro Uribe openly ordered their detention. The government ordered the creation of a new Search Bloc against the Black Eagles and classified this organization as a gang of former paramilitaries.
The Black Eagles are closely associated with drug cartels and are involved in drug trafficking activities, extortions, racketeering and kidnappings. They have also attacked guerrilla members and suspected sympathizers. One individual who has been accused of leading the Black Eagles is former AUC leader Vicente Castaño.
- Los Rastrojos: operating in Cauca Department and Valle del Cauca. (Approx. 1200 members).
- Mano Negra: Operating in the Putumayo Department. (Unknown number of members)
- "Revista Cambio: Farc y las Águilas Negras se alían en negocios de narcotráfico en el sur de Bolívar" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 6 October 2008.
- Caleb Harris (12 March 2007). "Paramilitaries re-emerge in pockets of Colombia". Associated Press (USA Today). Retrieved 27 August 2012.
- "¿Qué son las Águilas Negras?" (in Spanish). Semana.com. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
- "Las 'Águilas negras', grupo conformado por desmovilizados de las autodefensas, ya azotan 5 regiones". ElTiempo.com (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 12 March 2007. Retrieved 20 August 2007.
- Nine presumed members of the Águilas Negras captured, ejercito.mil.co; accessed 20 August 2007.(Spanish)
- Michael Deibert. "Amid Elections, Armed Groups Hold Colombian Town under the Gun". Inter Press Service. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
- "Vicente Castaño estaría detrás de las 'Águilas Negras'" (in Spanish). El Pais. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 20 August 2007.
- 27 alleged members of 'Los Rastrojos' gang arrested Colombia Reports, 24 November 2010
- Romero, Simon (3 March 2011). "In Colombia, New Gold Rush Fuels Old Conflict". The New York Times.
- "“New” paramilitaries, all over the map". Plan Colombia and Beyond. 18 July 2007. Archived from the original on 27 May 2007.