Black Fork (Cheat River tributary)

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Black Fork
Black Fork confluence Hendricks West Virginia.jpg
The Black Fork at Hendricks, West Virginia looking upstream. The confluence of the Blackwater River (left) and the Dry Fork (right) is visible.
Monon BlackFork.png
Map of the Monongahela River basin, with Black Fork highlighted.
Location
CountryUnited States
StateWest Virginia
CountyTucker
Physical characteristics
SourceDry Fork
 - locationCol between Harper and Yokum knobs, Randolph County
 - coordinates38°44′01″N 79°38′52″W / 38.73361°N 79.64778°W / 38.73361; -79.64778
 - elevation3,740 ft (1,140 m)
2nd sourceBlackwater River
 - locationCanaan Valley, Tucker County
 - coordinates39°03′32″N 79°29′04″W / 39.05889°N 79.48444°W / 39.05889; -79.48444
 - elevation3,540 ft (1,080 m)
Source confluence 
 - locationHendricks
 - coordinates39°04′20″N 79°37′45″W / 39.07222°N 79.62917°W / 39.07222; -79.62917[3]
 - elevation1,700 ft (520 m)
MouthCheat River
 - location
Parsons
 - coordinates
39°06′39″N 79°40′44″W / 39.11083°N 79.67889°W / 39.11083; -79.67889Coordinates: 39°06′39″N 79°40′44″W / 39.11083°N 79.67889°W / 39.11083; -79.67889
 - elevation
1,621 ft (494 m)
Length4 mi (6.4 km)[1]
Basin size500 sq mi (1,300 km2)[2]

The Black Fork is a principal tributary of the Cheat River in the Allegheny Mountains of eastern West Virginia, USA. It is a short stream, about four miles (6 km) in length,[4] formed by the confluence of two other streams not far above its mouth.[5] It was traditionally considered one of the five Forks of Cheat.

Geography[edit]

Via the Cheat, Monongahela and Ohio Rivers, it is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River, draining an area of 500 square miles (1,295 km²).[2] The Black Fork flows for its entire length in Tucker County. It is formed at the town of Hendricks by the confluence of the Dry Fork and the Blackwater River, and flows generally northwestwardly through Hambleton to Parsons, where it joins the Shavers Fork to form the Cheat River.[5]

Name[edit]

The U.S. Board on Geographic Names settled on "Black Fork" as the stream's name in 1930. According to the Geographic Names Information System, it has also been known historically as "Blackwater Fork" and as the Blackwater River.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Julian, Norman. 2006. "Cheat River." The West Virginia Encyclopedia. Ken Sullivan, editor. Charleston, WV: West Virginia Humanities Council. ISBN 0-9778498-0-5.
  1. ^ The American Rivers Outstanding Rivers List, Second Edition, May 1991. Compiled and edited by Matthew H. Huntington and John D. Echeverria. Washington, DC: American Rivers, Inc.
  2. ^ a b West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection. Watershed Atlas Project Archived 2005-04-04 at the Wayback Machine.: Cheat River watershed Archived October 4, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.. Sum of watershed areas of Dry Fork, Blackwater River, Glady Fork, Laurel Fork, Gandy Creek, and Red Creek. Retrieved on December 11, 2006.
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Black Fork
  4. ^ The American Rivers Outstanding Rivers List, Second Edition, May 1991. Compiled and edited by Matthew H. Huntington and John D. Echeverria. Washington, DC: American Rivers, Inc.
  5. ^ a b DeLorme (1997). West Virginia Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-246-3.