Black Ivory Coffee
Black Ivory Coffee is a brand of coffee produced by the Black Ivory Coffee Company Ltd in northern Thailand from Arabica coffee beans consumed by elephants and collected from their waste. The taste of Black Ivory coffee is influenced by elephants' digestive enzymes, which breaks down the coffee's protein. The taste is influenced also by the natural fermentation process of the elephants. The coffee beans are digested within 15 to 70 hours, and are present with various other ingredients in the elephants' stomachs, which imparts specific flavors to the product.
Black Ivory coffee has been described as "very smooth without the bitterness of regular coffee" and is among the world's most expensive coffees, at US$2,000 per kilogram. It has limited availability at a few luxury hotels it is available at the price of US$50 a cup and via the internet website. An average of 150 kilograms of the coffee produced every year. The supply of Black Ivory coffee depends on the availability of coffee cherries, the appetite of the elephants, the number of beans destroyed through chewing of the beans and the ability of the mahouts and their wives to recover intact beans. The high price of the product is largely due to the large number of coffee cherries needed to produce the finished product: 33 kilograms (72 pounds) of raw coffee cherries results in one kilogram (two pounds) of the finished product. Most of the beans are not recoverable because they are chewed by the elephants, become fragmented, or after being excreted are lost in the bush.
Golden Triangle Asian Elephant Foundation
This coffee was first produced by Black Ivory Coffee Co. Ltd. at the Golden Triangle Asian Elephant Foundation in Chiang Saen, an elephant refuge that cares for rescued elephants. Now, Black Ivory Coffee no longer produces in the Golden Triangle but in Surin province in north east Thailand. Approximately 20 elephants at the foundation produce the coffee. Eight percent of Black Ivory Coffee Company sales are donated to the Golden Triangle Asian Elephant Foundation, which is used to fund the elephants' health care. The consumption of the coffee cherries does not adversely affect the elephants, and veterinary tests concluded that caffeine is not absorbed from the coffee cherries they consume.
- "About Black Ivory Coffee". Black Ivory Coffee. Archived from the original on 4 January 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
- Gecker, Jocelyn (9 Dec 2012). "Elephant Dung Coffee: An Exotic, Expensive Brew". Sci-Tech Today. Archived from the original on 1 February 2013. Retrieved 10 Dec 2012.
- "Coffee from an elephant's gut fills a $50 cup". USA Today. Associated Press. 7 Dec 2012. Retrieved 6 Jan 2013.
- Coffee, Black Ivory. "1 kg of Black Ivory Coffee of (Package of 29)". Black Ivory Coffee. Retrieved 2020-08-06.
- Coffee, Black Ivory. "Black Ivory Coffee: The World's Rarest and Most Expensive Coffee". Black Ivory Coffee. Retrieved 2020-08-06.
- Limited, Bangkok Post Public Company. "The new black gold". bangkokpost.com. Retrieved 2020-08-06.