Black Knight (Arthurian legend)
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The Black Knight appears in various forms in Arthurian legend.
In Sir Perceval of Galles (written in the early-14th Century), the Black Knight jealously tied his wife to a tree after hearing she had exchanged rings with Perceval. Perceval defeated the black knight and explained that it was an innocent exchange.
A supernatural Black Knight is summoned by Sir Calogrenant (Cynon ap Clydno in Welsh mythology) in the tale of Yvain, the Knight of the Lion. The Black Knight bests Calogrenant, but the Black Knight is later killed by Ywain (Owain mab Urien) when he attempts to complete the quest that Calogrenant failed.
A black knight is the son of Tom a'Lincoln and Anglitora (the daughter of Prester John) in Richard Johnson's Arthurian romance, Tom a'Lincoln. Through Tom, he is a grandson of King Arthur's, though his proper name is never given. He killed his mother after hearing from his father's ghost that she had murdered him. He later joined the Faerie Knight, his half-brother, in adventures.
In popular culture
- In the film The Black Knight (1954), Alan Ladd plays a character whose alter-ego is the Knight, who defends Camelot and King Arthur against a plot to bring down the kingdom.
- In the film Monty Python and the Holy Grail (1975), the Black Knight was inspired by Alan Ladd's character in the 1954 film.
- In the video game Conquests of Camelot (1989), the Black Knight of Glastonbury was a spirit that held Sir Gawain captive.
- In the video game Dark Souls (2011), Black Knights are featured as enemies.
- In the video game Sonic and the Black Knight (2009), the Black Knight is a corrupted King Arthur.
- In the MMORPG series RuneScape, the Kinshra is a fictional organization nicknamed "black knights" by commoners.
- In the video game Shovel Knight (2014), Black Knight is the rival of the title character.
- In Edmund Spenser's epic poem The Faerie Queene, Prince Arthur kills a giant, black-clad knight, named Orgoglio (Pride), after first severing his arms and legs.
- In Elly Griffiths' fifth Ruth Galloway novel, A Dying Fall (2012), an archaeologist discovers King Arthur's remains, and DNA analysis confirms what the skull's characteristics imply: the knight was black (specifically, of North African lineage), setting off a mysterious and dangerous chain of events.
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