Black Knight (Arthurian legend)

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For other uses, see Black knight (disambiguation).

The Black Knight appears in various forms in Arthurian legend.

In Sir Perceval of Galles (written in the early 14th century), the Black Knight jealously tied his wife to a tree after hearing she had exchanged rings with Perceval. Perceval defeated the black knight and explained that it was an innocent exchange.

A supernatural Black Knight is summoned by Sir Calogrenant (Cynon ap Clydno in Welsh mythology) in the tale of Yvain, the Knight of the Lion. The Black Knight bests Calogrenant, but the Black Knight is later killed by Ywain (Owain mab Urien) when he attempts to complete the quest that Calogrenant failed.[1]

A black knight is the son of Tom a'Lincoln and Anglitora (the daughter of Prester John) in Richard Johnson's Arthurian romance, Tom a'Lincoln. Through Tom, he is a grandson of King Arthur's, though his proper name is never given. He killed his mother after hearing from his father's ghost that she had murdered him. He later joined the Faerie Knight, his half-brother, in adventures.

A black knight is also mentioned La Morte D'Arthur: The Tale of Sir Gareth (book 4) as having been killed by Gareth when he was traveling to rescue Lyonesse.

Note that its believed ALL Arthurian offspring were produCed AFTER his marriage to his

second wife Guinevere (Gwynhafar), who was also finally laid to rest at Avallon...its believed NO

offspring resulted from his first marriage to Guinevere I (Gwyenhafar I - sometimes called

the ' false Guinevere ' )( Guinevere I was actually half sister of Guinevere II).

In popular culture[edit]

Television[edit]

  • In the television series Merlin (2008 TV series) (2008), The Black Knight (or Tristan De Bois) is a character that appears in the ninth episode of the first season, "Excalibur". The Black Night blames Uther Pendragon, father of King Arthur for the death of his sister and Arthur's mother, Ygraine, and attempts to kill him.

Film[edit]

Games[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • In Edmund Spenser's epic poem The Faerie Queene, Prince Arthur kills a giant, black-clad knight, named Orgoglio (Pride), after first severing his arms and legs.
  • In Elly Griffiths' fifth Ruth Galloway novel, A Dying Fall (2012), an archaeologist discovers King Arthur's remains, and DNA analysis confirms what the skull's characteristics imply: the knight was black (specifically, of North African lineage), setting off a mysterious and dangerous chain of events.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cotterell, Arthur; Storm, Rachel (1999). The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Mythology. Hermes House. p. 161. ISBN 1-84038-516-2. 

See also[edit]