Black Magic Woman

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"Black Magic Woman"
Blackmagicitaly.jpg
Single by Fleetwood Mac
B-side"The Sun Is Shining"
Released29 March 1968
RecordedFebruary 1968
GenreBlues rock
Length2:48
LabelBlue Horizon (57-3138)
Songwriter(s)Peter Green
Producer(s)Mike Vernon[1]
Fleetwood Mac singles chronology
"I Believe My Time Ain't Long"
(1967)
"Black Magic Woman"
(1968)
"Need Your Love So Bad"
(1968)

"Black Magic Woman" is a song written by British musician Peter Green, which first appeared as a single for his band Fleetwood Mac in 1968. Subsequently, the song appeared on the 1969 Fleetwood Mac compilation albums English Rose (US) and The Pious Bird of Good Omen (UK), as well as the later Greatest Hits and Vintage Years[2] compilations.

In 1970, the song became a hit by Santana, as sung by Gregg Rolie, reaching No. 4 on the US and Canadian charts, after appearing on their Abraxas album.

The song was also covered by erstwhile Fleetwood Mac member Bob Welch on his 2006 album His Fleetwood Mac Years and Beyond, Vol. 2. Although Welch was not a member of the group at the time of the original recording, he had performed a number of Peter Green's songs during his time with the band.

Fleetwood Mac version[edit]

During interviews, Peter Green has acknowledged that "Black Magic Woman" was influenced by "All Your Love",[3] an Otis Rush song that had been recorded two years earlier by Green's former band, John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers (albeit with Eric Clapton, Green's predecessor, on lead guitar).

Although not as popular as Santana's arrangement two years later, "Black Magic Woman" nevertheless became a fairly popular blues rock hit peaking at No. 37 on the UK Singles Chart. It was featured in Fleetwood Mac's live set-lists even after Green had left the band, when it was usually sung by Danny Kirwan. During Fleetwood Mac concerts in the early 1970s, the song would often form the basis for the long-mid concert jams.The song has the same chord structure, guitar breaks, and even a similar melody to Green's “I Loved Another Woman” from the band's 1968 debut album, and may have evolved out of the earlier song.

Structure[edit]

Set in the key of D minor, the verse follows a twelve bar chord progression alternating between D minor7, A minor7, and G minor7, and the instrumentation consists of vocals, two guitars, bass guitar and drums. It is homophonic, the voice and lead guitar taking the lead roles. The song is set in common time (4/4), with the rhythm "pushing" on the upbeat, then breaking into a shuffle beat root -chord jam after the final verse.[4]

D minor 7 | D minor 7 | A minor 7 | A minor 7 | D minor 7 | D minor 7 | G minor 7 | G minor 7 | Dm 7 - C 7 | Bb 7 - A 7 | D minor 7 | D minor 7

The original recording by Fleetwood Mac featured guitars that were slightly below standard pitch. The D minor triad from the 17 fret is played out on one guitar, and a slide guitar playing the same chord is faded in over the top.[citation needed]

Santana version[edit]

"Black Magic Woman"
Black Magic Woman by Santana US vinyl.jpg
Artwork for the US vinyl single
Single by Santana
from the album Abraxas
B-side"Hope You're Feeling Better"
Released1970
Recorded1970
Genre
Length5:24 (Album Version)
3:20 (Single Version)
LabelColumbia
Songwriter(s)Peter Green ("Black Magic Woman"), Gábor Szabó ("Gypsy Queen")
Producer(s)Fred Catero, Carlos Santana

Background[edit]

Santana's version, recorded in 1970, is a medley with Gábor Szabó's 1966 instrumental "Gypsy Queen", a mix of jazz, Hungarian folk and Latin rhythms. The song became one of Santana's staples and one of their biggest hits, with the single spending 13 weeks on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and peaking at #4 in January 1971,[6] their highest-peaking Hot 100 hit until 1999’s "Smooth". Santana's 1970 album, Abraxas, reached no. 1 on the charts and hit quadruple platinum in 1986, partially thanks to "Black Magic Woman".

"Gypsy Queen" was omitted from the single version contained on 1974's Santana's Greatest Hits album, even though radio stations usually play "Black Magic Woman" and "Gypsy Queen" as one song.

Structure[edit]

While the song follows the same general structure of Peter Green's version, also set in common time, in D minor and using the same melody and lyrics, it is considerably different, with a slightly altered chord pattern (Dm7– Am7–Dm7–Gm7–Dm7–Am7–Dm7), occasionally mixing between the Dorian and Aeolian modes, especially in the song's intro. A curious blend of blues, rock, jazz, 3/2 afro-Cuban son clave, and "Latin" polyrhythms, Santana's arrangement added conga, timbales and other percussion, in addition to organ and piano, to make complex polyrhythms that give the song a "voodoo" feel distinct from the original.[7]

The introduction of the song, which was adapted from Szabó's "Gypsy Queen", consists of simple hammer-ons, pull-offs and slides on the guitar and bass, before moving into the introductory guitar solo of "Black Magic Woman." After the introductory solo, which follows the same chord progression as the verse, the song moves into an eight-bar piano solo in D minor, and proceeds to two verses sung by keyboardist Gregg Rolie. Two verses of guitar solo follow the two sung verses, which are then succeeded by another verse, before moving into a modified version of the "Gypsy Queen" section from the beginning of the song to end the piece.

There is also a single edit, a slightly shorter version of the song that omits the opening piano solo and the "Gypsy Queen" portion, that runs for 3:15, while some radio versions play the full recording. Other longer versions have since been released, including one version which runs for 8:56.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Info on Fleetwood Mac's "Black Magic Woman"". 45cat.com. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  2. ^ "Here's the "Real" Fleetwood Mac Playing "Black Magic Woman" in 1974". Paste. 15 December 2017. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  3. ^ Celmins, Martin (1998). Peter Green: Founder of Fleetwood Mac. Sanctuary Publishing. p. 73. ISBN 1-86074-233-5.
  4. ^ Greenwald, Matthew. "Black Magic Woman - Fleetwood Mac | Song Info". AllMusic. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  5. ^ Henderson, Alex. "Abraxas - Santana | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  6. ^ "Santana". Billboard.com. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  7. ^ Olsen, Eric (16 February 2004). "The Voodoo That You Do: Classic Santana". Blogcritics.org. Archived from the original on 27 November 2005. Retrieved 24 September 2006.