Art by David Finch
|First appearance||Aquaman #35
|Created by||Bob Haney
|Alter ego||David (last name unknown)|
|Team affiliations||The Society
|Abilities||Enhanced strength and endurance, skilled hand-to-hand combatant and martial artist, brilliant tactician, quickly masters new technology, high tech battle-suit and equipment: artificial gills for breathing underwater, helmet fires optic blasts, costume armed with various lethal weapons|
- 1 Publication history
- 2 Fictional character biography
- 3 Powers and abilities
- 4 Other versions
- 5 In other media
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Fictional character biography
Black Manta had no definitive origin story until #6 of the 1993 Aquaman series. In this origin, the boy who would become Black Manta grew up in Baltimore, Maryland, and loved to play by the Chesapeake Bay. As a youth he was kidnapped and forced to work on a ship for an unspecified amount of time, where he was sexually abused by his captors. At one point, he saw Aquaman with his dolphin friends and tried to signal him for help but was not seen. Finally, he was forced to defend himself, killing one of his tormentors on the ship with a knife. Hating the emotionless sea and Aquaman, whom he saw as its representative, the boy was determined to become its master.
An alternative version was given in #8 of the 2003 Aquaman series. In this origin, the boy who would become Black Manta was an autistic orphan placed in Gotham City's Arkham Asylum. He felt comfortable in freezing cold water, but found cotton sheets excruciatingly painful. Because the attendants at Arkham did not know how to deal with autism, they would end up restraining him to the bed as he struggled and screamed whenever they tried putting him to bed. In this version, young Black Manta was also fascinated when he saw Aquaman on television.
The boy would end up being subjected to experimental treatments. One treatment seemed to clear the boy's head, but left him violent as a result; he killed the scientist who had administered the treatment and escaped from Arkham.
As an adult, the man who would become Black Manta designed a costume (primarily a black wetsuit with a bug-eyed helmet, that was able to shoot rays from its eyes) and fashioned a high-tech submersible inspired by manta rays. Taking the name Black Manta, he and his masked army became a force to be reckoned with, engaging in at least one unrecorded clash with Aquaman prior to his first appearance as a rival to the Ocean Master (and before joining the short-lived Injustice League in the retcon Silver Age third week event).
The fearsome Black Manta and Aquaman battled repeatedly over the next several years. During one of these clashes, it was revealed that Black Manta was actually black, whose stated objective at one point was for black people to dominate the ocean after having been oppressed for so long on dry land (though this goal was revealed to be a ruse he used to trick Cal Durham into following him, and this objective was not at all evident in either his earlier or later appearances). During most of his appearances, his main goals are defeating Aquaman and gaining power for himself through the conquest of Atlantis. Finally, Manta kills Arthur Curry, Jr., Aquaman's son, which left Aquaman obsessed with revenge.
Black Manta was later transformed into a manta/man hybrid, though after a while he went back to wearing his original outfit, which covered his new appearance. At one point he took to drug smuggling from his new base in Star City, where he was opposed by a returning Green Arrow and Aquaman.
In a later confrontation, Aquaman, sporting the Lady of the Lake's Healing Hand, reversed the alterations to Black Manta, and rewired Manta's afflicted brain, making him neurotypical for the first time in his life. Unfortunately, Manta remained a violent criminal, lulling Aquaman into a false sense of partnership and almost killing the Sea King in the process.
In later events, Black Manta was used as a test subject to make water breathers, using genetic manipulation. This succeeded and since then Black Manta has returned to the oceans to face Aquaman once again.
Black Manta caused a disturbance in Sub Diego in which Captain Marley was severely injured. Aquaman summoned various predatory sea-life to attack Black Manta and left him for dead. It was later revealed that he was able to survive by generating an electric charge with his suit.
When Aquaman died at the end of the 2003 series, Black Manta went to work for Libra as part of the Secret Society of Super Villains. However, after Libra betrayed the group and helped Darkseid conquer the Earth, he quit.
In the Brightest Day storyline, Black Manta retired from super-villainy and opened a fish market to earn an honest living. When he discovered that Aquaman had been resurrected following the end of the Blackest Night, he murdered the customers in the store and later burnt down his shorefront house, as he revived his criminal career and vendetta against Aquaman. Black Manta is seen later at the grave of Thomas Curry, Aquaman's father, where he is approached by Siren and her Death Squad after demolishing the tombstone. The Death Squad began fighting Black Manta but before the fight could get too far along, Siren stopped them. She told Black Manta that they need to work together to find his son, showing him a hard water image of Jackson Hyde. Black Manta and Siren tracked down Jackson and attempted to kill his foster father. Jackson (using his ability to create hard water constructs) fought back, but was unable to stop Black Manta from shooting a trident-shaped dart at his foster father. However, at the last moment, Aquaman intervened, blocking the fatal shot. Black Manta then faced his old nemesis again. During the battle, Aquaman pulls Jackson and his foster father to safety.
In a flashback, it is revealed that Black Manta was once a treasure hunter who, along with his wife, was captured while exploring the Bermuda Triangle. Their captors were the other-dimensional residents of Xebel, and the two were tortured mercilessly and Black Manta's wife, who was pregnant, was experimented on to give the unborn child powers similar to those of the residents of Xebel. Fearing the child (Jackson) would be used as a pawn in an invasion of Earth, Xebel princess Mera kidnapped the child and took him to Earth, where she arranged him to be adopted and raised far away from water in order to keep him from her people. Black Manta ultimately escaped from Xebel, though the fate of his wife remained unknown.
After Jackson learns the truth behind his origin, Aquaman and Jackson (now calling himself Aqualad) were ambushed by Siren and the Xebel soldiers on a California beach, where innocent citizens became caught in the crossfire. As Aquaman is about to strike back at Siren, Black Manta springs from the water and severs Aquaman's right hand. Jackson attacked his father, berating him for siding with the people who killed his own wife, only for Black Manta to throw Jackson to the ground and coldly state that both he and his mother meant nothing to him. As Black Manta prepared to impale his son with one of his blades, Mera arrived with Aquagirl, who saved Jackson by striking Black Manta square in the face. Jackson and Mera are able to work together to seal Black Manta, Siren, and the rest of the invaders away in the Bermuda Triangle. Black Manta vowed from within the prison to get his son, Jackson.
The New 52
In The New 52 (a reboot of the DC Comics universe), Black Manta kills a woman named Kahina the Seer, a former teammate of Aquaman, and steals her Atlantean relic. He then vows to kill her entire family before getting his revenge on Aquaman. A flashback shows that Aquaman created a team known as the Others (forged of six Atlantean relics from the Dead King's tomb) who are trying to catch Black Manta, but they fail and Black Manta escapes. Black Manta goes after Aquaman's former teammate Prisoner-of-War in Heidelberg.
It is then revealed that Aquaman had killed Black Manta's father by accident in retaliation for attacking Aquaman's father. Seeking revenge, Black Manta attempted to kill all of Aquaman's family (Aquaman's son was already murdered) and friends. When Black Manta chased Prisoner-of-War, he was confronted by Aquaman in a battle. During the attack, Black Manta stole one of Ya'Wara's Atlantean relics and teleported to Stephen Shin, Aquaman's former friend. Black Manta then tasered Mera and pulled Shin to him in order to teleport away.
Meanwhile, the Others were reunited and discovered that there was a seventh Atlantean relic in the Dead King's tomb. Manta took Shin captive in the Dead King's tomb in order to find the seventh relic and located in in the Dead King's throne. Manta prepareed to kill Shin, but was thwarted when Aquaman and the Others attacked his henchmen. Black Manta killed Vostok-X and escaped with the relic scepter. After Vostok-X's death, Aquaman, through tears, swore that he would kill Manta in revenge. Black Manta delivered the relic scepter to a mysterious Atlantean, who was revealed to be his employer, but the Others ambushed them and attacked. The mysterious Atlantean managed to grab the relic scepter and escape while Black Manta was forced to battle the Others, resulting in Manta and his henchmen being taken away by the authorities. While in Belle Reve Prison, Black Manta refused to join Amanda Waller's Suicide Squad.
During the Forever Evil storyline, Amanda Waller approached Black Manta again to join the Suicide Squad. Black Manta declined again at the same time as Deathstorm and Power Ring invade Belle Reve. After hearing Amanda Waller's offer to join the Suicide Squad, Black Manta retrieved his equipment during Belle Reve's prison break and accepted the Secret Society's coin. At the Justice League's Watchtower, after claiming Aquaman's trident, Black Manta tossed the coin in the ocean. Black Manta took the trident to his father's grave stating his quest to kill Aquaman was over. Looking up, he witnessed Ultraman moving the moon in front of the sun resulting in the creation of massive tidal waves. The waves washed the grave of Black Manta's father away which gave him a new purpose: to destroy the Crime Syndicate. After retrieving Black Adam's body from the ocean, Black Manta met up with Lex Luthor, the Kryptonian clone that Lex Luthor created, and Captain Cold where he informed them of what Ultraman's actions did to his father's grave. Lex Luthor realizes that with the help of his Kryptonian clone, Black Adam, Black Manta, and Captain Cold, he might be able to stop the Crime Syndicate.
Powers and abilities
Most versions of Black Manta seem to have some degree of enhanced strength and endurance. This is most likely a result of the serum that cured his autism and left him extremely violent and vicious. Black Manta's armor further enhances these attributes, allowing him to lift cars and throw them with ease. In addition, his armor is bulletproofed and is vulnerable only to very powerful explosives.
Black Manta's battle-suit is also adapted to an oceanic environment. It gives him complete resistance to the cold and pressures of deep sea conditions (it is unknown how far down the suit can travel underwater and still function) and thus grants him the ability to breathe underwater (whether this is due to a hidden oxygen supply or its ability to extract oxygen from the water like the gills of a fish is unknown), a jet pack which functions in or out of water, a telepathic scrambler (used to temporarily strip Aquaman of his aquatic telepathy), and a varying array of weapons, including twin blades, a hand-held trident, energy beams that he can fire from his right wrist gauntlet, miniaturized torpedoes, and optic blasts emitted from the eye lenses in his helmet. It is also not known how his suit is powered or how long it can function before needing recharging (or if it even needs to be). Black Manta often utilizes unique vehicles such as a modified, manta ray-shaped submarine for traveling.
Black Manta is also highly intelligent, and has a limited degree of expertise in mechanical engineering (as he was able to manufacture his suit, weaponry, and vehicles) and some amount of hand-to-hand combat training. A calm and scheming mastermind, Black Manta generally relies more on technology and strategic planning than physical confrontation when it comes to his exploits. He also has an army of masked henchmen with underwater suits at his disposal.
At one point, Black Manta was transformed by the demon Neron into a human-manta hybrid. This form allowed him freer movement in the water, the ability to dive to extreme depths, and breathe underwater. He had natural weaponry, such as a tail that had offensive capabilities. The process has since been reversed by Aquaman.
Black Manta appeared as one of the major villains in the 2005-2006 Justice miniseries by Alex Ross and Jim Krueger as part of the Legion of Doom. This version appears to be based on the time period when Manta fought for African Americans, as shown by all of his henchmen being black and his city being completely populated by African Americans. He is first seen luring Aquaman into an ambush and controlling Aquaman's sharks into attacking him before taking Aquaman to Brainiac. When Lex Luthor makes his speech to the world to join him in saving it, Manta is one of the villains alongside him.
As the Legion begins kidnapping the people close to the heroes, Manta takes control of Garth and forces him to assault Mera and kidnap Aquaman's son. During the Justice League's attack on the Hall of Doom, Black Manta faces off against Aquaman for the entire battle. Black Manta is one of the few villains to escape the League and teleport to his city along with Aquaman's son, who follows behind him. Aquaman eventually finds Manta's hideout, but Manta's men savagely beat him in front of his son, comparing it to the treatment of his own people. Aquaman counters Manta is doing the same by using Doctor Sivana's technology to control his men, smashing the pack on Manta's suit to free his henchmen from Black Manta's control. Black Manta realizes that Aquaman was right, but makes one last effort to kill him in desperation. He is quickly struck down by Aquaman, saying that Manta never really had a chance to begin with.
In other media
- Black Manta appeared as a regular villain on the Aquaman cartoon in The Superman/Aquaman Hour of Adventure voiced by Ted Knight.
- Manta also appeared on The All-New Super Friends Hour voiced by Ted Knight once again. He was referred to simply as "Manta" and his suit color was now olive brown.
- Black Manta also became a part of the Legion of Doom in Challenge of the Super Friends voiced by Ted Cassidy. He is never shown without his helmet during the series. In the episode "Doomsday", when he, Sinestro and Cheetah are abandoned by the rest of the Legion of Doom, he takes control of a mental device to capture and punish the rest of the Legion.
- Black Manta was originally supposed to make an appearance in an early Justice League episode "The Enemy Below, Part 1." He was intended to be the one that Orm hired to assassinate Aquaman, but was later changed to Deadshot as it would have been "inappropriate" for Manta's character. Ironically, the character would later be used for the same purpose in the animated series Batman: The Brave and the Bold (see below).
- In Justice League Unlimited a character named Devil Ray (voiced by Michael Beach) debuted as one of the primary members of the Secret Society (based on the Legion of Doom). Devil Ray is closely based on Black Manta, right down to the helmet and a suit that allowed him to breathe underwater and withstand deep-sea pressures. This suit significantly increased his strength and stamina, and was equipped with rocket boosters that enabled him to fly and navigate underwater. The two wrist mounted guns in his gauntlets allow him to shoot laser bolts and an array of venomous trident-shaped stingers at his targets. Devil Ray appeared in major roles in "To Another Shore", where he was sent by Grodd to retrieve a Viking Prince's mystical body to unlock the secret of immortality. He later appeared in "Dead Reckoning", where he and several other supervillains travelled to Nanda Parbat to steal a mystical orb for Grodd's plans, where Devil Ray killed several monks and their master in the process. During the final battle in Gorilla City, Devil Ray was accidentally killed by a Deadman-possessed Batman. According to writer Dwayne McDuffie, the reason behind the name change is because the rights to Aquaman characters were not available at the time, as they were being used for the Aquaman TV pilot. Within mainstream comics, in Aquaman: Sword of Atlantis #52 (July 2007), the new Aquaman (Arthur Joseph Curry) inquires if Black Manta is the name of a cartoon character, and is corrected "...wasn't he called Devil Ray?".
- Black Manta appears in the third episode of Batman: The Brave and the Bold voiced by Kevin Michael Richardson. This interpretation of him shows him as a sociopathic assassin, hired by Orm in order to kill Aquaman. When Orm succeeds in capturing Aquaman and becomes "Ocean Master," Black Manta betrays and imprisons him, planning to use a machine to destroy and plunder Atlantis, but was stopped by Aquaman, Ocean Master, and Batman. He was arrested and locked in Iron Heights. He appears again in the episode "Enter the Outsiders!" where he is robbing an armored car only to be defeated by Batman and B'wana Beast. Black Manta appears again in "Game Over for Owlman" where he teams with Owlman and a group of villains to kill their respective enemies, but is stopped by Batman and his many parallel universe counterparts. Black Manta makes a brief cameo appearance in "Night of the Huntress", where he is seen amongst other inmates in Blackgate Penitentiary. In the episode "Deep Cover for Batman," it is revealed that Black Manta has a heroic counterpart in a parallel universe, whose costume's color scheme somewhat resembles Aquaman's. In "Mayhem of the Music Meister" Black Manta along with Gorilla Grodd and Clock King are mindcontrolled by the Music Meister. It was also revealed that, when in Iron Heights, he is put in a giant fish bowl. In the episode "Bold Beginnings," a flashback showed that Batman had had his first encounter with Aquaman when it came to fighting Black Manta, his henchmen, and his trained great white sharks.
- Black Manta (addressed only as Manta) appears in the Smallville TV series episode "Prophecy," but his actor is uncredited. He is assigned by Toyman to kill Aquaman.
- Black Manta appears in the Young Justice as a central recurring antagonist voiced by Khary Payton. In "Downtime", he and his Manta-men attempted to steal a large starfish creature frozen in ice in Atlantis Science Center led by Prince Orm. He is later revealed to be reporting to The Light (Project Cadmus' Board of Directors) when he mentions of obtaining a sample of the starfish creature. L-5 states to Black Manta that they will eventually obtain the creature. In the series' second season as seen in the episode "Alienated," Black Manta takes Ocean Master's place on the Light's ruling council. It is also shown that Aqualad had sided with his father Black Manta upon learning his true heritage. In the episode "Depths," Black Manta sends Aqualad and the Manta Men to disrupt the satellite launch at Ferris Aircraft. Kaldur meets up with Black Manta who tells Kaldur that he is ready for the next level. In "Darkest", Black Manta finds that Aqualad has not delivered Lagoon Boy to the Partner and has Lagoon Boy tranquilized. He then sends Aqualad with Tigress, Terror Twins, and Icicle Jr. to attack Impulse and Blue Beetle. Following Aqualad's mission, Black Manta takes Aqualad to meet with the other Light members and tell them about Aqualad's mission. In "True Colors", Black Manta was with the Light at a meeting with Sportsmaster who informs the group of his complaint revolving around Black Manta's son killing his daughter and that they should do the "Eye for an eye, kid for a kid" outcome. Vandal Savage and Black Manta disagree with this and Sportsmaster leaves upon Deathstroke arriving to protect Black Manta. While meeting with Black Manta on his submarine, Vandal Savage tells Black Manta that he has borrowed Psimon from Queen Bee in order to restore Aqualad's mind. In "The Fix," Black Manta calls Tigress to Aqualad's room as Black Manta tells her that Psimon is going to repair his mind. Black Manta tells Tigress to stay with Psimon until he is done while he goes to take revenge on Miss Martian. When Black Manta finds out that Psimon collapsed, he suspects that whatever Miss Martian did to Aqualad has an effect on any telepath that tries to go into anyone's mind. When Tigress states that she'll go to the mainland and capture Miss Martian with some Manta Men, Black Manta has Tigress take Deathstroke instead. Tigress and Deathstroke successfully capture Miss Martian and bring her to Black Manta's base, where Black Manta forces Miss Martian to restore his son's mind or else Deathstroke will make Miss Martian's inhibitor collar explode. Black Manta later checks in on Aqualad as he comes to and has Miss Martian keep up the restoration of Aqualad's mind, which she says may take days. Black Manta tells Tigress that Miss Martian will be killed once she has finished restoring Aqualad's mind. In "Complications," Black Manta gets a progress report from Deathstroke that Miss Martian is slowly recovering Aqualad's mind. This causes Black Manta to have Miss Martian finish curing Aqualad in 24 hours is up or he will have her killed. Black Manta gets word from Deathstroke that Cheshire is in Aqualad's room and sends the Manta Men there. Miss Martian then proceeds to trap Black Manta and escapes, but Black Manta later reports to Vandal Savage and the Reach Ambassador that Aqualad's recovery was successful. In "Summit," Black Manta joins the Light in a meeting with the Reach in the caves of Santa Prisca. Black Manta objects to having his mask removed until he is convinced by Ra's al Ghul to remove it. Black Manta is surprised at his son's treachery as both of them fight each other. Aqualad manages to defeat (and capture) Black Manta, who is taken into the Team's custody (along with the Brain, Monsieur Mallah, and Deathstroke) after the battle.
- Black Manta appears in the DC Nation short "Animal Man". He was seen attacking a beach and is then defeated by Animal Man when he knocks down a crab's sand castle.
- Black Manta makes a cameo appearance in the animated movie Justice League: The New Frontier, during John F. Kennedy's speech.
- Black Manta appears in the animated movie Superman/Batman: Public Enemies where he is one of the many supervillains trying to collect the bounty on Superman.
- Black Manta appears in the animated movie Justice League: The Flashpoint Paradox. He is seen as an enforcer in Aquaman's Atlantean army alongside Ocean Master during his war against Wonder Woman and the Amazons, as well as The United States of America. His notable scene was showcasing his fighting skills as he faced off against Deathstroke, wherein Black Manta presumably killed him with his optic blasts. During the final battle of the film, he is seen killing many Amazons effortlessly on the battlefield. When he spots Batman, Black Manta attempts to kill him. As Black Manta was about to deliver a finishing blow to the Dark Knight, Grifter distracts him by firing a hail of bullets at the villain, to no avail. Batman and Grifter later use a grenade to damage Manta's armor and shoot him multiple times, killing him.
- Black Manta appears as the secondary antagonist in the animated movie Justice League: Throne of Atlantis, voiced by Harry Lennix. Out of costume, Black Manta first appears observing Arthur Curry with Dr. Shin, a scientist with theories that Atlantis exists. While the doctor tries to approach Curry immediately after witnessing his strength, Black Manta advises him to talk to Arthur in the morning. Later in Atlantis, he and Orm meet with Orm's mother, Queen Atlanta, to persuade her into starting a war with the surface world. After she rejects their idea to attack the humans, Black Manta uses missiles (that his men stole from a nuclear submarine earlier) loaded into his submarine to attack Atlantis, framing the surface world. Orm and Black Manta then demand that the Queen launch a war for the alleged act of terrorism from the surface. However, Queen Atlanta still refuses to strike and tells Manta to arrange a meeting with the Justice League to discuss a peace treaty. After his men fail to kill Orm's half brother, Arthur Curry, Orm kills Queen Atlanta, and usurps the throne of Atlantis, once again framing the humans for killing his mother. After Orm becomes the "Ocean Master" and Arthur becomes "Aquaman", the Atlantean army wages war with the surface and the Justice League. Black Manta later faces off against Aquaman and has the upper hand until the end of their fight. Black Manta reveals to have manipulated Orm into starting a war with the surface, and plans to claim the treasures of Atlantis for himself when the time is right. Just as he is revealing his scheme, Aquaman summons a megalodon from the harbor to attack Black Manta, biting the villain and bringing him into the ocean. Producer James Tucker has confirmed that Black Manta had survived after the events of Throne of Atlantis and will return scarred.
- Black Manta appears in the animated film Lego DC Comics Super Heroes: Justice League: Attack of the Legion of Doom, voiced again by Kevin Michael Richardson.
- Black Manta appears as the main antagonist in the video game Aquaman: Battle for Atlantis for Xbox and GameCube. He is also an unlockable character in the game.
- Black Manta is referenced in Injustice: Gods Among Us. When Aquaman confronts the alternate Aquaman in the throne room of Atlantis, the alternate Aquaman asks if he either works for Black Manta or Ocean Master.
- Black Manta appears as a boss in the video game Young Justice: Legacy. Khary Payton reprises the role.
- The MMORPG DC Universe Online introduced a PvE suit inspired by Black Manta, available for players in the Villain faction.
- Black Manta appears as a playable character in Lego Batman 3: Beyond Gotham, voiced by Fred Tatasciore.
- Black Manta appeared in animated style in Justice League Unlimited #26. He is aided by Felix Faust in an attempt to conquer Atlantis.
Spoofs and parodies
|This section does not cite any sources. (December 2015)|
||This section may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. (December 2015)|
||This section may contain excessive, poor, or irrelevant examples. (December 2015)|
- A parody of Black Manta, called Black Eel, appeared in the Duck Dodgers episode "Till Doom Do Us Part" voiced by Jim Cummings. He was one of the villains assembled by Agent Roboto to form the Legion of Duck Doom in order to defeat Duck Dodgers (despite the fact he was the only villain in the episode who had never met him before and had no idea who he was). He had also been the enemy of Seaman.
- Popular Venture Bros. antagonist The Monarch is said[who?] to have been partially based on the Manta. Black Manta is mentioned in the episode "Fallen Arches": Jefferson Twilight and Doctor Byron Orpheus discuss Aquaman, and Orpheus says, "I thought he fought Black Manta."
- Black Manta appears in the Robot Chicken season 4 episode "But Not In That Way" voiced by Tom Kane. In a segment that parodies The Shawshank Redemption, Black Manta takes the place of Morgan Freeman's character from the film and narrates the story of Joker's vengeance against Batman.
- SpongeBob SquarePants features a spoof villain called "Man Ray", who appears to be inspired by Black Manta,[weasel words] including a similar appearance and many of the same powers.[original research?] In the episode "Mermaidman and Barnacleboy III", he's named (next to the "Dirty Bubble") as the all-time greatest nemesis of the Aquaman spoof ("Mermaid Man").
- In one episode of Super Friends, an undersea villain named "The Sculpin" wears an outfit nearly identical to Black Manta but colored green.
- In the Family Guy episode, "It Takes a Village Idiot, and I Married One" Lois convinces the town in a press conference that the Legion of Doom is conspiring with Adolf Hitler to assassinate Jesus. A cutaway scene shows the Hall of Doom, where Lex Luthor asks, "How did she discover our plan?" Almost all of the original Legion is portrayed, including Black Manta as a non-speaking background character.
- In the Harvey Birdman, Attorney at Law episode "Peanut Puberty," the headquarters for the Legion of Doom was used for a club called the "Legion of Dance". Black Manta makes an appearance as a background character.
- The Legion of Doom was referenced in the animated series South Park episode "Krazy Kripples" featured Superman actor Christopher Reeve forming his own version of the Legion of Doom, including Black Manta.
- A Cartoon Network bumper featured The Powerpuff Girls saving Aquaman and Wonder Woman from the Legion of Doom's clutches.
- In 2003, Cartoon Network Latin America aired the spoof series The Aquaman & Friends Action Hour that starred Aquaman as a children's television show host and the Legion of Doom as his bankrupt villains. Black Manta is a member of the Legion of Doom.
Toys and Collectibles
- Several Batman the Brave and the Bold Black Manta figures have been released due to his recurring appearance in the TV show.
- DC Collectibles has released a DC Comics Super Villains Black Manta action figure based on his designs from the New 52.
- A Black Manta figure based on his appearance from the Justice League: Throne of Atlantis animated film has recently been released by DC Collectibles.
- Brightest Day #9 (September 2010)
- Greenberger, Robert (2008). "Black Manta". In Dougall, Alastair. The DC Comics Encyclopedia. London: Dorling Kindersley. p. 52. ISBN 0-7566-4119-5
- Aquaman vol. 4, #6, 1993, DC Comics, writer Shaun McLaughlin
- Aquaman vol. 6, #8, 2003, DC Comics, writer Rick Veitch
- Adventure Comics #452, 1977
- Aquaman vol. 4 #39
- Aquaman: Sword of Atlantis #52–53 (July–August 2007)
- Brightest Day #1 (May 2010)
- Brightest Day #10 (September 2010)
- Brightest Day #11 (October 2010)
- Brightest Day #16 (December 2010)
- Brightest Day #19 (February 2011)
- Brightest Day #20 (February 2011)
- Aquaman vol. 5 #7 (March 2012)
- Aquaman vol. 7 #8 (April 2012)
- Aquaman vol. 7 #9 (May 2012)
- Aquaman vol. 7 #10 (June 2012)
- Aquaman vol. 7 #11 (July 2012)
- Aquaman vol. 7 #12 (August 2012)
- Aquaman vol. 7 #13 (October 2012)
- Aquaman vol. 7 #14 (November 2012)
- Forever Evil #1
- Aquaman Vol. 7 #23.1
- Forever Evil #3
- Flashpoint: Legion of Doom #2 (July 2011)
- "The Enemy Below". Jl.toonzone.net. Retrieved 2010-12-26.
- "Justice League - TWoP Forums". Forums.televisionwithoutpity.com. 2005-09-24. Retrieved 2010-12-26.
- Kevin Michael Richardson at Behind the Voice Actors
- Evan Narcisse. (22 May, 2012). "Nightwing, Bizarro And Zatanna Playable With Lego Batman 2 Pre-Order DLC" Kotaku
- Cartoon Network bumper, www.Youtube.com
- World of Black Heroes: Black Manta Biography
- Biography of Black Manta
- Black Manta's profile A humorous and cynical analysis of Black Manta's character in the Super-Friends cartoon
- Alan Kistler's Profile On Aquaman
- Black Manta on DC Database, an external wiki, a DC Comics wiki
- Bio for Devil Ray