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Black Mountain (Inyo and Fresno counties, California)

Coordinates: 36°48′33″N 118°22′41″W / 36.8091478°N 118.3780119°W / 36.8091478; -118.3780119
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Black Mountain
WSW aspect from JMT
Highest point
Elevation13,291 ft (4,051 m) NAVD 88[1]
Prominence1,579 ft (481 m)[1]
Parent peakUniversity Peak[2]
Isolation4.27 mi (6.87 km)[1]
ListingSierra Peaks Section
Coordinates36°48′33″N 118°22′41″W / 36.8091478°N 118.3780119°W / 36.8091478; -118.3780119[3]
Black Mountain is located in California
Black Mountain
Black Mountain
Black Mountain is located in the United States
Black Mountain
Black Mountain
Parent rangeSierra Nevada
Topo mapUSGS Mount Clarence King
Type of rockgranitic
First ascent1905 by George R. Davis[4]
Easiest routeScramble, class 2[4]

Black Mountain is a 13,291-foot-elevation (4,051-meter) mountain summit located on the crest of the Sierra Nevada mountain range in northern California.[3] It is situated on the common border of Fresno County with Inyo County, as well as the shared boundary of John Muir Wilderness and Kings Canyon National Park. It is 10.5 miles (16.9 km) west of the community of Independence, and 4.3 miles (6.9 km) north-northwest of parent University Peak. Black Mountain ranks as the 91st highest summit in California.[2] Topographic relief is significant as the west aspect rises 2,750 feet (840 meters) above Rae Lakes in approximately one mile. The John Muir Trail traverses below the west aspect of this peak, providing an approach to the mountain. The first ascent of the summit was made in 1905 by George R. Davis, a USGS topographer.[5] This mountain is habitat for the endangered Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep, which restricts climbing from July through December, so most ascents are made in the spring.


According to the Köppen climate classification system, Black Mountain has an alpine climate.[6] Most weather fronts originate in the Pacific Ocean, and travel east toward the Sierra Nevada mountains. As fronts approach, they are forced upward by the peaks, causing them to drop their moisture in the form of rain or snowfall onto the range (orographic lift). Precipitation runoff from this mountain drains east to the Owens Valley via Oak Creek, and west into the Kings River watershed.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Black Mountain, California". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2021-04-26.
  2. ^ a b "Black Mountain - 13,290' CA". ListsOfJohn.com. Retrieved 2021-04-26.
  3. ^ a b "Black Mountain". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved 2021-04-26.
  4. ^ a b Secor, R.J. (1992). The High Sierra Peaks, Passes, and Trails (1st ed.). Seattle: The Mountaineers. pp. 129–130. ISBN 978-0898863130.
  5. ^ Fred L. Jones, A Climber’s Guide to the High Sierra (1954)
  6. ^ Peel, M. C.; Finlayson, B. L.; McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen−Geiger climate classification". Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11. ISSN 1027-5606.

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