List of black Nobel laureates
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The Nobel Prize is an annual, international prize first awarded in 1901 for achievements in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace. An associated prize in Economics has been awarded since 1969. Nobel Prizes have been awarded to 881 individuals, of whom 15 - 1.7% - were black recipients, although blacks comprise around 15% of the world's population.
Blacks have received awards in three of six award categories: eleven in Peace, three in Literature, and one in Economics. The first black recipient, American Ralph Bunche, was awarded the Peace Prize in 1950. The most recent, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and Leymah Gbowee, were awarded their Peace prizes in 2011.
Those awarded the Nobel Peace Prize were: Ralph Bunche, Inkosi Albert John Luthuli, Martin Luther King Jr., Anwar El Sadat, Desmond Tutu, Nelson Mandela, Kofi Annan, Wangari Maathi, Barack Obama, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, and Leymah Gbowee.
Those awarded with the Nobel Prize in Literature were: Wole Soyinka of Nigeria, Derek Walcott of St. Lucia and the United States, and Toni Morrison of the United States. Sir William Arthur Lewis is the only black to have received a Nobel Prize in Economics.
|1950||Bunche, RalphRalph Bunche||United States||Peace||First black person to win a Nobel Prize|
|1960||Luthuli, Albert JohnAlbert John Luthuli||South Africa||Peace||First black African to win a Nobel Prize|
|1964||King, Jr, Martin LutherMartin Luther King, Jr||United States||Peace||Youngest African American to win a Nobel Prize|
|1978||Sadat, Anwar ElAnwar El Sadat||Egypt||Peace|
|1979||Lewis, Sir William ArthurSir William Arthur Lewis||Saint Lucia||Economics||First and (so far) only black person to win a Nobel Prize other than Peace or Literature; first West Indian to win a Nobel Prize|
|1984||Tutu, DesmondDesmond Tutu||South Africa||Peace|
|1986||Soyinka, WoleWole Soyinka||Nigeria||Literature||First black person to win the Nobel Prize for Literature|
|1992||Walcott, DerekDerek Walcott||Saint Lucia||Literature|
|1993||Morrison, ToniToni Morrison||United States||Literature||First black woman to win a Nobel Prize|
|1993||Mandela, NelsonNelson Mandela||South Africa||Peace|
|2001||Annan, KofiKofi Annan||Ghana||Peace|
|2004||Maathai, WangariWangari Maathai||Kenya||Peace||First black African woman to win a Nobel Prize and first and only environmentalist to win the Nobel Peace Prize|
|2009||Obama, BarackBarack Obama||United States||Peace|
|2011||Johnson Sirleaf, EllenEllen Johnson Sirleaf||Liberia||Peace|
|2011||Gbowee, LeymahLeymah Gbowee||Liberia||Peace|
- List of Nobel laureates
- List of African-American firsts
- List of Christian Nobel laureates
- List of Muslim Nobel laureates
- List of Jewish Nobel laureates
- "Nobel Prize" (2007), in Encyclopædia Britannica, accessed 14 November 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online:
An additional award, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, was established in 1968 by the Bank of Sweden and was first awarded in 1969
- "All Nobel Laureates". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2010-03-01.
- Ralph Bunche, PBS.
- "Unsung Heroes". Time. 2007-12-01. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
- "Wole Soyinka Biography". Nobelprize.org.
- Grimes, William (1983-10-08). "Toni Morrison Is '93 Winner of Nobel Prize in Literature". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
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