Black Norwegian Elkhound
|Black Norwegian Elkhound|
|Other names||Norsk Elghund Svart|
Norsk Elghund Black
Norwegian Moose Dog (black)
|Dog (domestic dog)|
The Black Norwegian Elkhound is a small Spitz breed classified by the FCI as a hunting dog. It is very rare outside the Nordic countries of Scandinavia. It is bred for the same purpose as the Grey Norwegian Elkhound but is smaller, more agile, and easier to recognize in the snow. Historically, it is a much "younger" breed, first bred in Norway during the 18th century. The breed name "Elkhound" comes directly from its original Norwegian name "Elghund," meaning ""elk dog" or "moose dog." In Norwegian, "elg" refers to the animal English speakers know as an "elk" (in Eurasia) or "moose" (in the United States), and "hund" means "dog."
The Black Norwegian Elkhound is a typical Spitz breed with a short compact body, dark eyes, ears standing straight up, and a curly tail carried over the back. It has a rich coat that does not stand out from the body. This is an all-weather hunting dog and the coat is very important. It must be able to keep out the heavy autumn rain in Scandinavia and endure the cold weather, which it does very well.
It has a dense, short, thick, coarse, double coat and is solid black. A mature dog stands between 40 and 51 centimeters (16"-20") - 47 cm (+3/-4) for males and 44 cm (+3/-4) for females - and weighs between 16 kilograms (35 lb) and 20 kilograms (44 lb).
The Black Norwegian Elkhound is a very robust and hardy dog: very alert and full of power and pride. It is more strong-minded than the Grey Elkhound. The most recommended training method is one that focuses on motivating the dog; such as clicker training or reward-based training methods. Using punishment or dominance-based methods could negatively impact training with the Black Norwegian Elkhound. It is easy to train, but always needs something to do to be happy. It needs continuous exercise and activity in concert with its superb intelligence to do well. It is an excellent hunting dog and loves to be in the forest.
The Black Elkhound is used in all types of hunts but excels best in hunting large game such as moose, deer and bear. It is very good at tracking and makes an excellent watch dog.
The Elkhound has also been an important dog for Sami people in Scandinavia for hundreds of years.
Its coat requires frequent brushing.
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- Norwegian Elkhound (Comprehensive Owner's Guide), 2005.
- Norwegian Elkhounds by Anna Katherine Nicholas. TFH, 1997.
- The Norwegian Elkhound (Pure Bred) by Nina P. Ross, PhD. Doral, 1995.
- The Elkhound in the British Isles by Anne Roslin-Williams. Witherby & Co., 1993.
- My 60 Years with Norwegian Elghunds by Olav P. Campbell, 1988.
- The New Complete Norwegian Elkhound, revised edition, by Olav Wallo. Howell, 1987.
- Norwegian Elkhounds by Anna Katherine Nicholas. TFH, 1983.
- Great Gray Dogs: The Norwegian Elkhound Factbook, 2nd edition. Great Gray Dogs, 1980.
- Your Norwegian Elkhound by Helen E. Franciose and Nancy C. Swanson. Denlinger, 1974.
- How to Raise and Train a Norwegian Elkhound by Glenna Clark Crafts. TFH, 1973. Reprint of the 1964 book with a different cover.
- Magazine Articles
- Dearth, Kim D.R. "The Norwegian Elkhound" Dog World September 1999, Vol. 84 Issue 9, p12-17.
- "Dog of the Vikings" Dog Fancy. April 1998.
- "Norwegian Elkhound". Dog World. July 1997, Vol. 82 Issue 7. p86.
- "Norwegian Elkhound Black" (PDF). Fédération Cynologique Internationale. 9 August 1999.