Black Order (Satanist group)

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The Black Order or The Black Order of Pan Europa are a Satanist group formerly based in New Zealand. Political scientists Jeffrey Kaplan and Leonard Weinberg characterised the Black Order as a "National Socialist-oriented Satanist mail order ministry".[1] However, in 1995, the anti-fascist Searchlight organization, following an investigation, described it as part of a functioning international Occult-Fascist Axis.[2]

The Black Order of Pan Europa
PredecessorOrder of the Left Hand Path
SuccessorWhite Order (schism)
Formation1994
FounderKerry Bolton
Founded atNew Zealand
TypeNew Religious Movement, Satanism, neo-Nazism,
Location
  • Australia, England, Ireland, New Zealand, Scandinavia
AffiliationsOrder of Nine Angles, Ordo Sinistra Vivendi
Websitehttp://theblackorder.org/


Origins[edit]

The Black Order was founded in New Zealand by Kerry Bolton as a successor to his Order of the Left Hand Path.[1] Bolton had connections to other neo-Nazi Satanist groups, being the international distributor for the English-based Order of Nine Angles.[3]

According to Goodrick-Clarke, "in 1994 Bolton set up the Black Order, which claimed a global network of national lodges in Britain, France, Italy, Finland, Sweden, Germany, the United States and Australia, dedicated to fostering National Socialism, fascism, satanism, paganism and other aspects of the European Darkside".[4] Its quarterly membership bulletin The Flaming Sword and its successor zine The Nexus contained interviews with, among others, James Mason, George Eric Hawthorne, Michael Moynihan, David Myatt and Miguel Serrano, and its articles included studies of Thulianism, Himmler's Wewelsburg, tributes to old SS leaders, "a reprint of the ONA Mass of Heresy [and] contributions from David Myatt on the galactic empire, aeonic strategy and the cosmological magic of National Socialism".[5]

In 1996, a U.S. branch of the Black Order was established.[1] In summer that year, they began publication of a magazine, Abyss.[6] The U.S. group subsequently fell out with that in New Zealand over the latter's acceptance of homosexual members.[6] The U.S. group considered a name change to the White Order as a result of this schism.[6]

The name "Black Order" was then adopted by ideologically similar groups around the world which had no formal connection to Bolton's group.[1] Kaplan and Weinberg described the Black Order as "a remarkably influential purveyor of National Socialist-oriented occultism throughout the world".[7]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Kaplan & Weinberg 1998, p. 143.
  2. ^ David Myatt and the Occult-Fascist Axis, Searchlight, July 1995.
  3. ^ Goodrick-Clarke 2003, p. 229.
  4. ^ Goodrick-Clarke 2003, p. 227.
  5. ^ Goodrick-Clarke 2003, p. 227-228.
  6. ^ a b c Kaplan & Weinberg 1998, p. 219.
  7. ^ Kaplan & Weinberg 1998, p. 144.

Sources[edit]

Gardell, Matthias (2003). Gods of the Blood: The Pagan Revival and White Separatism. Durham and London: Duke University Press. ISBN 978-0822330714.
Goodrick-Clarke, Nicholas (2003). Black Sun: Aryan Cults, Esoteric Nazism, and the Politics of Identity. New York: New York University Press. ISBN 978-0814731550.
Kaplan, Jeffrey; Weinberg, Leonard (1998). The Emergence of a Euro-American Radical Right. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. ISBN 978-0813525648.