Black pond turtle

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For the Southeast Asian turtle also known as the 'black pond turtle', see Black marsh turtle.
Black pond turtle
Geoclemys hamiltonii.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Family: Geoemydidae
Genus: Geoclemys
Species: G. hamiltonii
Binomial name
Geoclemys hamiltonii
(Gray, 1831)
  • Emys hamiltonii Gray, 1831
  • Emys guttata Gray, 1831
  • Emys picquotii Lesson, 1831
  • Clemmys (Clemmys) hamiltonii Fitzinger, 1835
  • Geoclemys hamiltonii Gray, 1856
  • Damonia hamiltonii Gray, 1869
  • Melanochelys pictus Murray, 1884
  • Clemmys palaeindica Lydekker, 1885
  • Damonia hamiltoni Lydekker, 1889 (ex errore)
  • Geoclemmys hamiltonii Boulenger, 1889
  • Emys hamiltoni Smith, 1931
  • Geoclemys hamiltoni Smith, 1931

The black pond turtle (Geoclemys hamiltonii), also known as the spotted pond turtle, is a species of turtle found in South Asia. It is also known as the Indian spotted turtle.[3] It belongs to the monotypic genus Geoclemys.


This turtle is mainly black with small yellowish spots, and a much-elevated carapace, with three interrupted keels or series of nodose prominences corresponding to the vertebral and costal shields. Its posterior border is strongly serrated in young, but feebly in the adult Its upper jaw is emarginated mesially. The width of the mandible of G. hamiltonii at the symphysis nearly equals the horizontal diameter of the orbit. A large shield, sometimes divided into three, covers the upper surface of the snout and the crown, one shield around the upper jaw and one on each side between the eye and the ear. Its digits are webbed to the claws. The tail is extremely short. The shell is dark brown or blackish, elegantly marked with yellow spots and radiating streaks, and the soft parts are dark brown or blackish, with round yellow spots, largest on the head and neck.[4]


This species is found in southern Pakistan (Indus and Ganges River drainages), northeastern India (Assam), and Bangladesh.


  1. ^ "Geoclemys hamiltonii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 2000. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  2. ^ Fritz Uwe; Peter Havaš (2007). "Checklist of Chelonians of the World". Vertebrate Zoology 57 (2): 222. ISSN 18640-5755. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-17. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  3. ^
  4. ^ Boulenger, G. A. 1890. Fauna of British India. Reptilia and Batrachia.


  • Khan, Moh. A.R. 1982 Chelonians of Bangladesh and their conservation. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 79 (1): 110-116.
  • Murray, J. A. 1884 Additions to the reptilian fauna of Sind. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)14:106-111.
  • Philippen, H.-D. 2004 Geoclemys hamiltonii (Gray 1831) - Strahlen-Dreikielschildkröte. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (5): 51-54

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