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A black ribbon is a symbol of remembrance or mourning.
Sign of mourning
Similar to a black armband, the black ribbon is a public display of grief. Individuals or organizations display the ribbon in commemoration of victims after specific incidents. Some examples have included:
- In Barcelona – This ribbon is a sign of mourning for those killed in the terrorist attack - a van driving through a pedestrian street (August 17, 2017)
- Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 – This ribbon is a sign of mourning for those killed in the fly Boeing KLM/Malaysia Airlines (July 18, 2014)
- 9/11 – This ribbon is a sign of mourning for those killed in the September 11 attack.
- In New Zealand, a black ribbon was worn by family members after the deaths of 29 trapped miners who in the Pike River Mine disaster on November 26, 2010.
- In Poland, a black ribbon was worn mourning Polish president Lech Kaczyński, his wife, and 95 other important senior officials who died on April 10, 2010.
- Black ribbons were worn and placed on doors after the May 1992 Westray Mine Disaster in Pictou County, Nova Scotia, Canada.
- The ribbon was worn in the United Kingdom after the death of Diana, Princess of Wales in 1997.
- The black ribbon has again made an appearance shortly after category 3 Hurricane Katrina landed along the Gulf Coast of the United States in August 2005.
- The black ribbon was a symbol of popular grief in Spain after the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks. It was worn on clothing and also pinned on the Spanish flag.
- Google displayed a black ribbon as a mark of respect and sympathy for victims of 9/11, the 7 July 2005 London bombings, victims of Hurricane Katrina, victims of flight MH17, victims of the Charlie Hebdo shooting, for the death of Lee Kuan Yew, for victims of the November 2015 Paris attacks, for the victims of the mass shooting in Orlando in June 2016, for the victims of the charter flight crash in Colombia in November 2016, for the victims of the February 14th Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School shooting. They also displayed the black ribbon in recognition of the 2017 Manchester Arena suicide bombing. The black ribbon was also displayed in recognition of the Terrorist Attack in Christchurch on 15th of March 2019.
- After the April 2007 Virginia Tech shooting.
- After the earthquake on August 15, 2007 in Peru, black ribbons were the icons of all Peruvian television channels for 3 days.
- After the death of Heath Ledger in January 2008, Warner Brothers placed a black ribbon on their marketing website for The Dark Knight in his memory.
- The black ribbon was used in remembrance to "Dimebag" Darrell Abbott of Pantera fame. It was modified to include a silhouette of Dimebag and his name and years of birth and death and used as a patch and sticker for the first annual Ride For Dime in honor of his music and life after being fatally shot on stage with his band Damageplan.
- The black ribbon has been also used by the journalists in the Philippines to condemn the killings of journalists on the Maguindanao massacre.
- In Northern Ireland, Bloody Sunday 1972 – to remember the murders and attempted murders of civilians at the peak of The Troubles.
- Police officers often wear black ribbons in mourning of fallen officers.
- July 20, 2012: The 12 people killed, out of the 71 shot, at the midnight premiere of The Dark Knight Rises in Aurora, Colorado.
- December 14, 2012: The Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting; 28 killed (20 children and 7 school personnel, including the perpetrator, Adam Lanza, who later committed suicide) at an elementary school in Newtown, Connecticut.
- In the United States to remember construction workers who died after being hit by motorists.
- Turks use the black ribbon to mourn for the casualties of Turkish soldiers in the Kurdish–Turkish conflict.
- The 2013 London Marathon runners were given a black ribbon to wear to mark the 2013 Boston Marathon bombings.
- Giant-Shimano cycling team wore a black ribbon, and Belkin Pro Cycling Team wore a black armband on 18-July in the 2014 Tour de France and Google displayed a black ribbon on the homepage after flight MH17's crash.
- In recognition of the 43 Ayotzinapa students involved in the Iguala kidnappings on September 26, 2014.
- January 7, 2015, for both attacks on the offices of Charlie Hebdo in Paris when 12 journalists and two police officers were killed, and in the greater Paris where a municipal police officer was shot.
- January 9, 2015, for the attack on a shop in the 12th arrondissement of Paris where four hostages were killed.
- January 19–20, 1990, Soviet army invaded Baku. According to official estimates, 137 Azerbaijani civilians were killed. Black January in Azerbaijan
- January 25–30, 2015, used by the Philippine National Police to mourn the SAF 44 who were killed in Mamasapano
- February 25–26, 1992, by Armenian armed forces and Russian 366th Rifle Regiment in town Khojaly was the killing 161 ethnic Azerbaijani civilians. Khojaly Massacre
- March 23–29, 2015, used by Singaporeans, to mark the passing of former Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew
- July 29, 2015, Google displayed a black ribbon on the homepage of Google India in memory of Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam.
- In August 2015, most of the Burmese civil doctors started the black ribbon campaign to say "No" for militarily overwhelming in health administration.
- August 22, 2015, Black ribbon worn by some military personnel, including cadet organisations throughout the UK in remembrance of the 2015 Shoreham Airshow crash
- October 2, 2015, Google displayed a Black Ribbon with the alt text "Our hearts are with the families and community of Roseburg, Oregon". There was a college shooting there, on the previous day. (External news article)
- November 13–17, 2015, Google displayed a Black Ribbon on the home page of all Google sites after the November 2015 Paris attacks
- November 14, 2015, Apple Inc. displayed a Black Ribbon on home page of their France site after the November 2015 Paris attacks
- November 2015, At the Colectiv Club in Romania, a fire killed 55 people and about 150 people being hospitalized with bad injuries.
- December 3, 2015, Google displayed a Black Ribbon with the alt text "Our hearts are with the families and community of San Bernardino". On the previous day, December 2, a mass shooting occurred in San Bernardino, California at the Inland Regional Center during a holiday event, where a couple opened fire on party-goers, killing 14 and wounding 22. The perpetrators, Rizwan Farook and Tashfeen Malik, fled in an SUV, but were later killed during a shootout with police that also left two officers wounded.
- March 23–25, 2016, Google displayed a Black Ribbon on the home page of all Google sites after the Brussels bombings.
- June 11, 2016, YouTube displayed a Black Ribbon next to the YouTube logo after American Singer Christina Grimmie was shot and killed after one of her concerts. This black ribbon would later be used for the LGBT nightclub shooting the next day.
- June 12, 2016, Google displayed a Black Ribbon with the alt text "Our hearts are with the victims, their families, and the community of Orlando". They displayed this after a mass shooting that occurred at an LGBT nightclub in Orlando, Florida. It was the deadliest mass shooting on American soil, before being overtaken by the 2017 Las Vegas shooting. It was deemed a hate crime.
- July 3, 2016, Google displayed a black ribbon with the alt text "In remembrance of the Karrada bombing victims". They displayed this after 2016 Baghdad bombing that occurred at an Al Lith upmarket in Karrada, Baghdad. It occurred two days before Eid al-Fitr. It was deemed as a hate crime and terrorist act linked to ISIS.
- December 20, 2016, Google and YouTube displayed a black ribbon with the alt text "Our thoughts are with the victims in Berlin and their families.". They displayed this after 2016 Berlin attack that occurred at Breitscheidplatz in Berlin, Germany.
- January 30, 2017, Google Canada displayed a black ribbon with the alt text "Our hearts are with the people of Quebec City." In French "Nos coeurs sont avec les personnes touchées à Québec." This was displayed after the gun attack of a Mosque in Quebec City that left at least 6 people dead and 8 injured.
- April 7, 2017, Google Sweden displayed a black ribbon with the alt text "Our thoughts are with Stockholm, the victims and their loved ones" in Swedish "Våra tankar är med Stockholm, offren och deras närstående". The ribbon was displayed because the 2017 Stockholm attack where a truck was used to drive down Drottninggatan by a terrorist which led to the death of 5 people and 7 injured. YouTube also displayed a black ribbon next to the YouTube logo.
- April 9, 2017, Google Arabic displayed a black ribbon as a mark of respect and sympathy for victims of 2017 Palm Sunday church bombings.
- May 23, 2017, Google UK homepage displayed a black ribbon with the alt text "Our thoughts are with the victims of the Manchester attack.", and YouTube displayed it next to the home button, in reference to the Manchester Arena bombing in which 22 victims lost their life and a further 120 were injured while attending an Ariana Grande concert.
- June 18, 2017, Google Portugal displayed a black ribbon as a mark of respect and sympathy for the victims of the 2017 Portugal wildfires.
- September 11, 2017, Google displayed a black ribbon with the alt text "Remembering September 11th" in reference to the September 11 attacks on the WTC in 2001.
- October 2, 2017, Google displayed a black ribbon as a mark of respect and acknowledgement for the victims of the 2017 Las Vegas shooting, the deadliest mass shooting in United States history. The highlighted text read alt text "Our hearts are with the victims, their families, and the community of Las Vegas."
- November 25, 2017, Google displayed a black ribbon as a mark of respect for the victims of the 2017 Sinai mosque attack.
- February 15, 2018, Google displayed a black ribbon as a mark of respect for the victims, families, and the community of Parkland, Florida after the shooting that happened a day earlier with the alt text "Our hearts are with the victims, their families, and the community of Parkland."
- April 23, 2018, Google displayed a black ribbon in support of the victims, families, and city of Toronto after 10 people were run over by a van along the sidewalk. Several others were injured.
- October 29, 2018, Google displayed a black ribbon as a mark of respect for the victims, families, and the community of Pittsburgh after the shooting that happened a day earlier with the alt text "Our hearts are with the victims, their families, and the community of Pittsburgh."
- November 8, 2018, Google displayed a black ribbon as a mark of respect for the victims of the Thousand Oaks shooting in California with the alt text "Our hearts are with the victims, their families, and the community of Thousand Oaks, CA."
- February 14, 2019: The black ribbon has been used as a mark of solidarity for the soldiers martyred in the terrorist attacks at Pulwama, India.
- March 15, 2019: Google displayed a black ribbon as a mark of respect for the 50 victims of the Terrorist attack in Christchurch, New Zealand which is known as "One of New Zealands darkest days"
- Melanoma Awareness – To bring awareness to melanoma and worn by people who know someone or are themselves affected by melanoma. Sometimes shown as black with white polka dots.
- In Argentina, a black ribbon, sometimes with the national flag's colours in both ends, is used to raise awareness about the victims of subversive terrorism.
- By the Anarchist Black Ribbon Campaign, a free speech campaign started in 1996 inspired by the Blue Ribbon Online Free Speech Campaign.
- During the 6th International Israeli Apartheid Week (IAW) the black ribbon was worn worldwide to show support and promote awareness of the Palestinian struggle.
- In India, 2011 to show support to Anna Hazare who was fasting to fight against corruption by government.
- In India, 2019 to show grief for 40 soldiers died in Pulwama attack by Pakistan on 14 February 2019
- Narcolepsy Awareness – To bring awareness to narcolepsy worn by anybody who supports Narcolepsy awareness.
- Worn by people who have suffered from any intentions of self harming on November 30 of every year.
- The purpose of the Black Ribbon in New Zealand campaign (November 25) is to remove discrimination from violence prevention awareness, and establish equal representation for all regardless of sex/gender, marital status, religious belief, ethical belief, colour, race, ethnic or national origins, disability, age, political opinion, employment status, family status, and sexual orientation.
- Australia is using the Black Ribbon as awareness for domestic abuse against men and fathers and their children. It can also be used to support all other forms of abuse whereas the white ribbon mainly relates to domestic abuse against women. This has to come to be because there is no support system in place for and men or fathers with/without their children to be safe. This organisation also hopes to help fathers with custody hearings towards where there children will end up, because a lot of the time women will win custody.
- In the Discworld novels by Terry Pratchett, the black ribbon is worn by vampires to show that they have sworn never to drink blood again.
Melanoma Awareness Ribbon Alternative with White Polka Dots
- Hoegg Ryan, Judith (1992). Coal In Our Blood: 200 Years of Coal Mining in Nova Scotia's Pictou County. Halifax: Formac. p. 142. ISBN 9780887802157.
- Metro.co.uk, Deborah Arthurs for (2015-01-09). "Google's black ribbon pays respects to Charlie Hebdo victims". Metro. Retrieved 2015-01-09.
- "Google pays tribute to Charlie Hebdo attack victims with black ribbon". The Independent. 2015-01-09. Retrieved 2015-01-09.
- "Google de luto faz homenagem às vítimas do acidente com a Chape". Optclean (in Portuguese). 2016-11-29. Retrieved 2017-03-29.
- LaMar, Sondra (April 18, 2007). "Sigma Nu Distributes Black Ribbons on UA Fort Smith Campus Archived 2010-12-04 at the Wayback Machine". University of Arkansas – Fort Smith. Retrieved March 18, 2008.
- Mallari Jr., Delfin (November 25, 2009). "Quezon media unite for Maguindanao massacre victims". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
- Gavin Brown (April 16, 2013). "London Marathon runners to wear black ribbons following Boston blasts". Metro. Retrieved 2014-01-29.
- "YouTube on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
- Sentinel, Orlando. "Motives still unknown in slaying of singer Christina Grimmie". OrlandoSentinel.com. Retrieved 2016-06-12.
- "YouTube on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 2016-06-12.
- "Florida Nightclub Massacre Is Deadliest Mass Shooting in U.S. History".
- Signorile, Michelangelo (12 June 2016). "The Orlando Massacre: A Reminder of the Dangers LGBT People Live With Every Day". Huffington Post.
- "Iraq: Baghdad bombing kills more than 200". Walaa Jasim.
- "Baghdad bombing: Residents pause to remember victims in upmarket Karrada blast". Walaa Jasim. 3 July 2016.
- Klormann, Sybille; Schwarze, Till; Stürzenhofecker, Michael; Pontius, Jakob (2016-12-20). "Berlin: IS reklamiert Anschlag auf Weihnachtsmarkt für sich". Die Zeit. ISSN 0044-2070. Retrieved 2016-12-20.
- "Germany frees suspect in market attack, says perpetrator maybe still at large". Reuters. 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2016-12-20.
- "6 dead in Quebec mosque shooting".
- "Stolen truck kills 4 in Stockholm; Sweden calls it terror". AP Top News
- "جوجل يتضامن مع شهداء الكنيسة البطرسية". Retrieved 2017-04-9. (in Arabic)
- ""يوتيوب" يتضامن مع ضحايا انفجار الكنيسة البطرسية بشارة سوداء". Retrieved 2017-04-9. (in Arabic)
- "Google pays tribute to victims of the 2017 Portuguese Wildfires". Retrieved 2017-06-20. (in Portuguese)
- BARC Graphics". GeoCities. Archived from the original on March 4, 2005.
- Black Ribbon New Zealand website: www.blackribbon.org.nz
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