Black Scottish people
| Scotland 36,178 (2011)
African - 30,000
Black Caribbean - 3,000
Black /Other Black - 4,000
|Regions with significant populations|
|Aberdeen 2.6%, Glasgow 2.4%, Edinburgh 1.4%|
Black Scottish people (also referred to as the Afro-Scots, Black Scottish, and Black Scots) represent a small proportion (less than 1 per cent according to the 2011 census) of the country's overall population, although the Black population of Scotland has a long history.
The Scottish played a leading role in the slave trade and by 1817 it was estimated that one third of all enslaved people in Jamaica were held by these Scots. This role in slavery led to more documented Black population in Scotland, as slave owners brought enslaved back to serve as household servants. Some of the population was from the earlier history of the Moors presence in the United Kingdom, mostly in Scotland and Ireland. In some cases, the enslaved people were freed through manumission.
According to the 2011 UK Census people self described as African, Caribbean, Black or any other Black background make up around 1.0 per cent of Scotland's population, compared to 3.0 per cent of the overall UK population.
A report in 2000 suggested that Black people in Scotland had difficulties in feeling a sense of Scottish identity.
Notable Black Scottish people
- Kayus Bankole (member of Mercury Prize winners Young Fathers)
- Shereen Cutkelvin (singer in girl group Neon Jungle)
- Alloysious Massaquoi (member of Mercury Prize winners Young Fathers)
- Nicolette (musician)
- Tony Osoba (actor)
- Finley Quaye (musician)
- Emeli Sandé (musician)
- Jackie Kay (writer)
The British Guiana-born Andrew Watson is widely considered to be the world's first association footballer of black heritage (his father was white and mother black) to play at international level. He was capped three times for Scotland between 1881 and 1882. Watson also played for Queen's Park, the leading Scottish club at the time, and later became their secretary. He led the team to several Scottish Cup wins, thus becoming the first player of black heritage to win a major competition.
With some brief exceptions, such as Jamaican born Gil Heron at Celtic, Walter Tull signing for Rangers, and John Walker at Hearts, Black players largely disappeared from Scottish football for the next 100 years until the arrival of Mark Walters at Rangers in 1988. Walters arrival at the club resulted in incidents of racial abuse.
The Scotland national team did not call up a second player of black heritage until Nigel Quashie (black Ghanaian father and white English mother), made his debut against Estonia in May 2004. He qualified to play for Scotland, due to having a grandfather from Scotland. Subsequently Coatbridge born Chris Iwelumo (black father from Nigeria), has also played for Scotland. Other notable Scottish players with black heritage include:
- Charles Heddle, (1812-1889), businessman
- Paul Boateng (politician)
- John Edmonstone (university professor)
- Charles Ejogo (entrepreneur)
- Jackie Kay (writer)
- Lesley Lokko (architect, academic, and novelist)
- Luke Sutherland (novelist and musician)
- Tavish Finnegan DeGroot, more well known as the Demoman from Team Fortress 2, is a self-described "black Scottish cyclops".
- Jerome "Chef" McElroy, a character from South Park, hails from Scotland.
- Jim "Jock" McClaren, a character in Porridge.
- Elmo McElroy in The 51st State is a descendent of a relationship between a slave and their owner who is of the McElroy clan; thereby making him the heir to the ancestral estate.
- "Statistical Bulletin : 2011 Census: Key Results on Population, Ethnicity, Identity, Language, Religion, Health, Housing and Accommodation in Scotland - Release 2A" (PDF). Scotlandcensus.gov.uk. Retrieved 2015-08-10.
- "Scotland and the Abolition of the Slave Trade". Ltscotland.org.uk. Retrieved 4 August 2015.
- "Black servants in Scotland". Ltscotland.org.uk. Retrieved 4 August 2015.
- "Analysis of ethnicity in the 2001 Census – Summary report". The Scottish Government. 2004-02-09. Retrieved 2009-09-30.
- "Resident population by ethnic group, 2001". Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 2011-06-29. Retrieved 2009-09-30.
- "Real Scot? Embracing Multicultural Scotland". Alastairmcintosh.com. 2000-04-13. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2015-08-10.
- "First Black footballer, Andrew Watson, inspired British soccer in 1870s". Black History Month. Archived from the original on 2010-06-10.
- "Andrew Watson". 100 Great Black Britons.
- "Andrew Watson". Football Unites, Racism Divides.
- Sir Norman Chester Centre for Football Research (June 2002). "Black Footballers in Britain - The Late 1980s and After - A 'New Era'?". University of Leicester. Archived from the original on 28 July 2010. Retrieved 6 July 2008.
- "Letters". The Guardian. London.
- "History calls on Quashie". BBC Sport. 2004-05-26. Retrieved 2007-08-12.
- The player has appeared for the Scotland national football team
- "Meet the Demoman". Teamfortress.com. Retrieved 4 August 2015.