Black Sea Shipping Company
Black Sea Shipping Company (Ukrainian: Чорноморське морське пароплавство) was a major shipping company of the former Soviet Union at Black Sea based in Odessa, Ukraine. During the Soviet rule, the company held the title of world's largest shipping company for at least several years and was instrumental in important foreign trade and international aid initiatives of the Soviet government.
In February 2009 it was recognized bankrupt by the Higher Commercial Court of Ukraine (previously by the Commercial Court of Odessa Oblast and the Odessa Appellate Commercial Court).
The company was established on June 13, 1922 as Black Sea - Azov Sea Shipping by the Council of Labour and Defence as part of the People's Commissariat of Communication Routes and administrated by the Central Administration of State Merchant Fleet (Gostorgflot). The company however traces its history to May 16, 1833 when the Black Sea Society of Steamships (ROPiT) was established as means of permanent communications between Odessa and Istanbul, but the company disappeared after the Crimean War of the 1850s. The Black Sea - Azov Sea Shipping company splits into Black Sea Shipping Company, Azov Sea Shipping Company and Georgian Shipping Company after the World War II. Another split took place in 1964 when a new company, Novorossiysk Shipping Company, was created from the tanker division of the Black Sea Shipping Company.
Azov Sea region management of Black Sea Shipping Company was created in Zhdanov in 1953. Azov Sea region management was reorganized in Azov Sea Shipping Company in 1967. It is why some ships of Black Sea Shipping Company ships were handed over changed to Azov Sea Shipping Company and home port was changed from Odessa to Zhdanov. So, two sister ships Nezhin and Smela were transferred to Azov Sea Shipping Company in 1969 or in 1967.
In 1990 Black Sea Shipping was the biggest one in Europe among other shipping companies and the second in whole world. With the fall of the Soviet Union, the company was passed from the Ministry of Sea Fleet of the USSR as a state company of Ukraine and later registered with the Fund of State Property of Ukraine.
Black Sea Shipping company was the biggest company in the world in 1980-es years as per quantity of sea-going vessels. The company had more than 250 sea-going ship during the best times.
Ports and harbours of operation
During the Soviet Union period and after the creation of the Novorossiysk Sea Shipping Company all of the large ports on the present Ukrainian territory except Sevastopol, Asov Sea ports, Kerch port and Danube river ports were owned by the Black Sea Shipping Company. After the collapse of the Soviet Union these ports separated from the shipping company.
Ports of Black Sea Shipping Co. during Soviet Union period (first version is Russian language version):
- Constellation of the Blackerranean (by analogy with the word Mediterranean):
- River ports:
- Crimea ports
Before the creation of the Novorossiysk Sea Shipping Company the Black Sea Shipping Company also included all ports of Novorossiysk Sea Shipping Company on the east coast of the Black Sea:
The main port was Odessa during all times. And most of tonnage of cargо passed via Constellation of the Blackerranean - Odessa, Illichivsl, Yuzhny ports.
Sevastopol - was not Black Sea Shipping Co. port. It was naval port of Soviet Union in Black Sea.
- Russian Steam Navigation and Trading Company, company-predecessor in 1856-1918
- SS Admiral Nakhimov
- MV Admiral Ushakov
- The following West class cargo steamers or Balarissia class cargo steamers were transferred from Far East Shipping Company to the Black Sea Shipping Company:
- Белоруссия, Восток, Лермонтов, Плеханов, Тарас Шевченко from 1947 to 1949.
- Вторая Пятилетка, Karaganda, Иркутск, Кавказ, Капитан Вислобоков were transferred in 1950. The ship Karaganda was used on the line between Black Sea Soviet ports and India ports.
- Аргунь (ex. West Modus from 1919 to 1942) was transferred in 1951.
- Kolomna class of cargo ships
- Leninsky Komsomol class of cargo ships
- In addition to 40 "Liberty" received by the Soviet Union under Lend-Lease during the World War II 10 vessels of this type were purchased for the Black Sea Sate Shipping Company in Europe (mainly in Italy) in 1963 - Алатау, Авача (to see photo here http://radikal.ru/fp/80b312257569401e9b87bc6a2c206b8d), Бештау, Дарьял, Карпаты, Хибины, Машук, Саяны, Сихотэ-Алинь, Малахов Курган.
- Kommunist class of cargo ships
- Fridrikh Engels
- Toyvo Antikaynen
- Slavyansk class cargo ships
- FC Chornomorets Odesa
Video "Passanger ships of Black Sea Shipping Company": http://ok.ru/video/62247638002607-0
- Case about the bankruptcy of the State Shipping Company "Black Sea Shipping" (Дело о банкротстве Государственной судоходной компании «Черноморское морское пароходство») by ИА Advisers. "Ukrainian Anti-raid Movement". 2009-05-01.
- "On creation of the stock shipping conglomeration "Blasko"-"Black Sea Shipping"" (Про створення акціонерного судноплавного концерну "Бласко" - "Чорноморське морське пароплавство"). Presidential Decree#303. August 13, 1993.
- "Кравчук взяв на себе провину за розвал торгового флоту України". Korrespondent.net. February 3, 2013. Retrieved April 15, 2013.
- Тип "Белоруссия" (пр. 1013) - 25 единиц.
- Balancer.Ru » форумы » старые » Форумы Авиабазы » Флот » Морской » История судов типа Либерти.
- Ships of Ukraine website
- Lartsev, V. ChMP - Part 3. Requiem for the Black Sea squadron. (ЧМП - частина третя. Реквієм за Чорноморською ескадрою). Ukrayinska Pravda. 2013-01-25
- Розин Александр. "СССР в строительстве ВМС Кубы. >> Chapter 8: Советские суда участвовавшие в переброске войск в ходе операции «Анадырь».".
- Розин Александр. "Советский флот в войнах и конфликтах "холодной войны". Это - персональная страница Александра Розина >> Война «Судного дня» 1973 г. Противостояние флотов СССР и США на море. Chapter 9: Корабли эскадры конвоируют транспорты. Table: Список судов по американским данным вышедших из черноморских портов в Сирию и Египет в октябре и начале ноября 1973 г.".