Black Sea Shipping Company
During the Soviet rule, the company held the title of world's largest shipping company for at least several years and was instrumental in important foreign trade and international aid initiatives of the Soviet government.
In February 2009 it was recognized bankrupt by the Higher Commercial Court of Ukraine (previously by the Commercial Court of Odessa Oblast and the Odessa Appellate Commercial Court).
The company was established on June 13, 1922 as Black Sea - Azov Sea Shipping by the Council of Labour and Defence as part of the People's Commissariat of Communication Routes and administrated by the Central Administration of State Merchant Fleet (Gostorgflot). The company however traces its history to May 16, 1833 when the Black Sea Society of Steamships (ROPiT) was established as means of permanent communications between Odessa and Istanbul, but the company disappeared after the Crimean War of the 1850s. The Black Sea - Azov Sea Shipping company splits into Black Sea Shipping Company, Azov Sea Shipping Company and Georgian Shipping Company after World War II. Another split took place in 1964 when a new company, Novorossiysk Shipping Company, was created from the tanker division of the Black Sea Shipping Company.
Azov Sea region management of Black Sea Shipping Company was created in Zhdanov in 1953. Azov Sea region management was reorganized in Azov Sea Shipping Company in 1967. It is why some ships of Black Sea Shipping Company ships were handed over changed to Azov Sea Shipping Company and home port was changed from Odessa to Zhdanov. So, two sister ships Nezhin and Smela were transferred to Azov Sea Shipping Company in 1969 or in 1967.
In 1990 Black Sea Shipping was the biggest one in Europe among other shipping companies and the second in whole world. With the fall of the Soviet Union, the company was passed from the Ministry of Sea Fleet of the USSR as a state company of Ukraine and later registered with the Fund of State Property of Ukraine.
Leaders of the Black Sea Shipping Company
- 1928 — 1931 — F. I. Matveyev
- 1931—1934 — Boris Matveyevich Zanko
- 1934—1935 — P. P. Koval
- 1935—1937 — Genrikh Yakovlevich Magon
- 1937 — Andrey Sergeyevich Polkovskiy
- 25.11.1938-15.05.1939 — Semyon Ivanovich Tyomkin
- 1939—1941 — Georgiy Afanasiyevich Mezentsev
- 1942 — Ivan Georgiyevich Syryh (could be leader of Black Sea Shipping department "Sovtanker")
- 1941—1944 — Pahom Mihailovich Makarenko
- 1956—1972 — Aleksey Yevgeniyevich Danchenko — The favorite leader of the Black Sea Shipping Company sailors.
- 1972—1975 — A. V. Goldobenko
- 1975 — 1978 — Oleg Konstantinovich Thomas
- 1978—1986 — Stanislav Aleksandrovich Lukiyanchenko
- 1986—1992 — Viktoe Vasiliyevich Pilipyenko
- 1992—1994 — Pavyel Viktorovich Kudyukin
- 1994 — 1995 — Aleksey Vladimirovich Koval
- 1995—1997 — Alexander Mihailovich Stogniyenko
- 1997—1998 — Alexander Pyetrovich Diordiyev
- 1998—2000 — Sergey Vasiliyevich Myelashchenko
- 2000—2002 — Boris Ivanovich Shcherbak
- 2002 — 2004 — Mihail Mazovskiy
- 2004—2009 — Yevgeniy Nikandrovich Kozhevin
Black Sea Shipping company was the biggest company in the world in 1980-es years as per quantity of sea-going vessels. The company had more than 250 sea-going ship during the best times.
Ports and harbours of operation
During the Soviet Union period and after the creation of the Novorossiysk Sea Shipping Company all of the large ports on the present Ukrainian territory except Sevastopol, Asov Sea ports, Kerch port and Danube river ports were owned by the Black Sea Shipping Company. After the collapse of the Soviet Union these ports separated from the shipping company.
Ports of Black Sea Shipping Co. during Soviet Union period (first version is Russian language version):
- Constellation of the Blackerranean (by analogy with the word Mediterranean):
- River ports:
- Crimea ports
Before the creation of the Novorossiysk Sea Shipping Company the Black Sea Shipping Company also included all ports of Novorossiysk Sea Shipping Company on the east coast of the Black Sea:
The main port was Odessa during all times. And most of tonnage of cargо passed via Constellation of the Blackerranean - Odessa, Illichivsl, Yuzhny ports.
Sevastopol - was not Black Sea Shipping Co. port. It was naval port of Soviet Union in Black Sea.
- Russian Steam Navigation and Trading Company, company-predecessor in 1856-1918
- SS Admiral Nakhimov
- MV Admiral Ushakov
- The following West class cargo steamers or Balarissia class cargo steamers were transferred from Far East Shipping Company to the Black Sea Shipping Company:
- Белоруссия, Восток, Лермонтов, Плеханов, Тарас Шевченко from 1947 to 1949.
- Вторая Пятилетка, Karaganda, Иркутск, Кавказ, Капитан Вислобоков were transferred in 1950. The ship Karaganda was used on the line between Black Sea Soviet ports and India ports.
- Аргунь (ex. West Modus from 1919 to 1942) was transferred in 1951.
- Kolomna class cargo ships
- Divnogorsk class ships
- SS Divnogorsk (1961)
- SS Mednogorsk (1961)
- Leninsky Komsomol class cargo ships, - total 25 ships
- In addition to 40 "Liberty" ships received by the Soviet Union under Lend-Lease during World War II 10 vessels of this type were purchased for the Black Sea Sate Shipping Company in Europe (mainly in Italy) in 1963 - Алатау, Авача (to see photo here http://radikal.ru/fp/80b312257569401e9b87bc6a2c206b8d), Бештау, Дарьял, Карпаты, Хибины, Машук, Саяны, Сихотэ-Алинь, Малахов Курган.
- Kommunist class of cargo ships
- Fridrikh Engels
- Toyvo Antikaynen
- Slavyansk class cargo ships
- FC Chornomorets Odesa
Video "Passenger ships of Black Sea Shipping Company": http://ok.ru/video/62247638002607-0
- Case about the bankruptcy of the State Shipping Company "Black Sea Shipping" (Дело о банкротстве Государственной судоходной компании «Черноморское морское пароходство») by ИА Advisers. "Ukrainian Anti-raid Movement". 2009-05-01.
- Black Sea Shipping Company will be sold at auction. Ukrinform. 11 January 2017
- "On creation of the stock shipping conglomeration "Blasko"-"Black Sea Shipping"" (Про створення акціонерного судноплавного концерну "Бласко" - "Чорноморське морське пароплавство"). Presidential Decree#303. August 13, 1993.
- "Кравчук взяв на себе провину за розвал торгового флоту України". Korrespondent.net. February 3, 2013. Retrieved April 15, 2013.
- Тип "Белоруссия" (пр. 1013) - 25 единиц.
- Balancer.Ru » форумы » старые » Форумы Авиабазы » Флот » Морской » История судов типа Либерти.
- Ships of Ukraine website
- Lartsev, V. ChMP - Part 3. Requiem for the Black Sea squadron. (ЧМП - частина третя. Реквієм за Чорноморською ескадрою). Ukrayinska Pravda. 2013-01-25
- Malko, R. Drowned billios. How was destroyed Black Sea Shipping Company (Потоплені мільярди. Як було знищене Чорноморське морське пароплавство). The Ukrainian Week. 29 October 2016