Black Shumen

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Black Shumen
Black shumen male.jpg
Black Shumen cockerel, 20 weeks old
Conservation status rare
Other names
  • Bulgarian: Черна шуменска кокошка[1]
  • Cherna shumenska kokoshka[1]
  • Black shoumenska hen
Country of origin Bulgaria
Use eggs, fancy
  • Male: 2–2.5 kg[2]
  • Female: 1.5–1.8 kg[2]
Skin color white
Egg color white
Comb type single

The Black Shumen is an old breed of chicken originating in Shumen region of Bulgaria. In the middle of the 20th century it was crossed with Minorca chickens and later, briefly, with Rhode Island Red birds.[2]

It is considered a rare breed. In 2013 the population was reported as 350.[1] It is kept by the Bulgarian Poultry Institute in Stara Zagora and by a few members of the Bulgarian Poultry Breeders Association.


The Black Shumen is black with a greenish sheen; it has a single comb, white skin and red earlobes. It is early-maturing, and lays 160–170 greyish-white eggs weighing 53–55 g per year.[2]


  1. ^ a b c Cherna shumenska kokoshka/Bulgaria . Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed July 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d Hristo Lukanov (April 2011). Bulgarian Poultry breeds. Aviculture Europe 7 (2).

Further reading[edit]

  • Величков и колектив, В. (1987). Частно животновъдство. Земиздат. 
  • колектив (1997). Албум фамилни ферми за производство и породи птици отглеждани в България. PENSOFT. ISBN 954-642-032-8. 
  • колектив (1996). Отглеждане на птици. ЗЕМИЗДАТ. ISBN 954-05-0347-7. 
  • колектив (2000). Птицевъдство. ФОРУМ. ISBN 954-9794-22-9. 
  • Семерджиев, Валентин (2005). Атлас и характеристика на продуктивните птици. "Съюз на учените-Стара Загора". ISBN 954-9329-25-9. 

External links[edit]