Black Star Square

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Black Star Square

Black Star Square, also known as Independence Square, is a public square in Accra, Ghana, bordered by the Accra Sports Stadium and the Kwame Nkrumah Memorial Park. The square often hosts the annual independence celebrations as well as other national events. It is currently the site for all civic and military parades in Ghana.[1] It was completed in the year 1961, which coincided with the state visit of Queen Elizabeth's II to Ghana.[2] The Black Star Square is sited between The 28th February Road and The Accra's Southern Coastline. [3]


In 1957, Kwame Nkrumah became the first prime minister and president of Gold Coast, now Ghana after gaining independence from the British. Kwame Nkrumah commissioned the construction of the square to celebrate the nation's independence. It coincided with the visit of Queen Elizabeth II. Construction ended in 1961, and it was named Black Star Square.[4][5] Kwame Nkrumah was the one who led Ghana, formerly Gold Coast to gain Independence from Britain.[6]


Black Star Square is a site for Ghana's Independence Day parade, which falls on the 6th of March every year. A particularly notable parade was the Golden Jubilee, which was Ghana's 50th anniversary of independence from British colonial rule. The Golden Jubilee celebration occurred on March 6, 2007 and it was led by President John Kuffour.[7][8] It also hosts all major national public gatherings and national festivals.[9] Every visitor is free to take pictures of buildings, including the Black Star Gate.


In Independence Square are stands that can seat 30,000 people. The square boasts three monuments that encapsulate the fight for independence and liberation. This includes the Independence Arch, the Liberation Day Monument, and the Black Star Gate, also known as the Black Star Monument.[10] A statue of a soldier facing the Independence Arch symbolizes the Ghanaians who lost their lives fighting for Ghana's independence.

Major Events[edit]

  • On March 24, 1998, over 500,000 people gathered at the square to welcome former U.S. President Bill Clinton and his wife, Hillary Clinton. This event marked the first U.S. president to visit Ghana.[11]
  • On August 10, 2012, the state funeral of late President John Atta Mills was held at the square.[12]
  • On November 18, 2012, the state funeral the late former Vice-President Aliu Mahama was held at the square.[13]
  • On January 27, 2021, the state funeral of late former President Jerry Rawlings took place at the square.[14]


  1. ^ "Black Star Square". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 2020-01-16.
  2. ^ "Black Star Square". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 2020-01-16.
  3. ^ "Black Star Dqiarr". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 2021-08-22.
  4. ^ "Ghana Salutes Queen Elizabeth". New York Times. Nov 19, 1961. ProQuest 115275130..
  5. ^ "Visit Ghana | Independence Square". Visit Ghana. Retrieved 2020-08-11.
  6. ^ "Black Star Square". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 2020-01-16.
  7. ^ Lentz, Carola (2013-09-16). "Ghana@50. Celebrating the Nation. Debating the Nation". Cahiers d'études africaines. 53 (211): 519–546. doi:10.4000/etudesafricaines.17405. ISSN 0008-0055.
  8. ^ "Ghana celebrates 50 years that changed Africa". Reuters. 2007-03-06. Retrieved 2019-11-12.
  9. ^ Black Star Square and Black Star Gate.
  10. ^ Unknown (2013-10-15). "TOURING ACCRA: THE BLACK STAR SQUARE". TOURING ACCRA. Retrieved 2019-11-13.
  11. ^ GOCKING, ROGER S. (2005). The History of Ghana. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 1282417908. OCLC 732281154.
  12. ^ "Funeral held for Ghana president". 2012-08-10. Retrieved 2019-11-13.
  13. ^ "Hundreds attend Aliu Mahama's funeral in Accra". 2012-11-18. Retrieved 2021-01-29.
  14. ^ "Rawlings funeral: Ghanaians bid farewell to ex-president". BBC News. 2021-01-27. Retrieved 2021-01-29.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 5°32′51″N 0°11′33″W / 5.5476°N 0.1926°W / 5.5476; -0.1926