Black Thursday

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Black Thursday is a term used to refer to negative events which occurred on a Thursday. It has been used in the following cases:

  • February 6, 1851, Black Thursday, a day of devastating bushfires in Victoria, Australia
  • September 18, 1873, during the Panic of 1873 when the U.S. bank Jay Cooke & Company declared bankruptcy, triggering a series of bank failures[1]
  • October 24, 1929, the start of the Wall Street Crash of 1929 at the New York Stock Exchange. "Black Tuesday" was the following week on October 29, 1929.
  • August 15, 1940, Schwarzer Donnerstag ("Black Thursday"), when the German Luftwaffe mounted its largest number of sorties during the Battle of Britain, and suffered its heaviest losses; known in Britain as "The Greatest Day".
  • October 14, 1943, when the Allied air forces suffered large losses during bombing in the Second Raid on Schweinfurt during World War II
  • The night of 16/17 December 1943, when RAF Bomber Command losses during the Berlin bombing campaign were particularly high due to combat losses and bad weather over home airfields. Richard Knott's book 'Black Night for Bomber Command' (2007)is an account of that particular night.
  • April 12, 1951 was nicknamed "Black Thursday" by USAF pilots after three MiG-15 squadrons with 30 aircraft attacked three squadrons of B-29 Superfortress bombers (36 planes) protected by about a hundred F-80 Shooting Star and F-84 Thunderjet fighters, over Korea
  • May 12, 1955, the first day of the Hock Lee Bus Riots in Singapore
  • September 1, 1960, a disastrous day for American track and field favourites in the Olympic stadium at the 1960 Rome Olympics
  • April 4, 1963, 127 fires burn 185,000 acres in North Carolina
  • November 21, 1968, a group of students at University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh protested in the presidents office to advocate for a more racially inclusive campus. 94 students were arrested and expelled from the University in the event that became known as Black Thursday.
  • December 17, 1970, several shipyard workers and protesters were killed by the army and militia during the massive protests in Gdynia
  • January 22, 1987, the Mendiola massacre took place in Mendiola Street, Manila, Philippines on January 22, 1987, in which state security forces violently dispersed a farmers' march to Malacañan Palace
  • August 24, 1995, when the Moscow interbank credit market collapsed[2]
  • February 8, 1996, the Black World Wide Web protest against the Communications Decency Act in the United States
  • July 24, 2003, Jueves negro (Spanish for Black Thursday), when a series of violent political demonstrations created havoc in Guatemala City
  • The May 6, 2010 Flash Crash, when the Dow Jones briefly lost more than 900 points in response to the 2010 European sovereign debt crisis and algorithmic trading
  • 30 September 2010, when the Irish government revealed to its people the alleged full cost of bailing out Anglo-Irish Bank, causing the country's deficit to rise to 32% of GDP[3]
  • 30 September 2010 in Stuttgart, when German police forces used excessive force against protesters that demonstrated against the Stuttgart 21 train station building project. In August 2013, three policemen were found guilty of bodily injury and received a penalty order, one of the penalty orders was not protested against.
  • 16 January 2014, when the Parliament of Ukraine ratified restrictive anti-protest laws amid massive anti-government protests.
  • 12 June 2014, when WWE fired 11 wrestlers.[4]
  • Thanksgiving Day, the shopping holiday preceding Black Friday

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Chernow, Ron (1998-05-05). Titan: the life of John D. Rockefeller, Sr. Random House. p. 160. ISBN 978-0-679-43808-3. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  2. ^ Banking 1991-2000 Archived 2008-02-17 at the Wayback Machine. Kommersant, Russia's Daily Online
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-06-18. Retrieved 2014-06-12.