Black Tiger Spring

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Coordinates: 36°39′43.8″N 117°1′38″E / 36.662167°N 117.02722°E / 36.662167; 117.02722

Black Tiger Spring

The Black Tiger Spring (Chinese: ; pinyin: Hēi Quán) is a culturally significant artesian karst spring located in the city of Jinan, Shandong Province, China. The spring is ranked as the second most significant among the 72 named springs in Jinan (after the Baotu Spring). The water of spring stems from moderately-deep circulation[1] and emerges from a water-filled limestone cave in a steep cliff. From the mouth of the cave, the water is funneled to flow out of the mouths of three ornamental stone-carved tiger heads into a square-shaped spring pool. From there it runs into the old city moat, next to which the spring is located. According to the tradition, there was a black rock lying in front of the cave in ancient time.[2] The name of the spring is said to be derived from the shape and color of the rock, which resembled a black tiger, and the sound of the water gushing past the rock being reminiscent of the roar of a tiger. The ancient layout of the spring is described in a poem by the Ming Dynasty poet, Yan Bizeng.[2]


The Black Tiger Spring is located on the south bank of the old city moat, close to the southeastern corner of the moat. A bit to the east, on the opposite site of the moat stands the Liberation Pavilion that commemorates the arrival of the victorious People's Liberation Army in Jinan.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Fang, P., Cao, Y., Tang, K., Li, X., Wang, S. (1988) Age Dating of the Groundwater in the Spring Area of Jinan City in: Karst Hydrogeology and Karst Environment Protection. Volume 2. Proceedings of the 21st Congress of the International Association of Hydrogeologists, Guilin, China October 10-15, 1988. IAHS Publication No. 176, (1988). p 597-605". Archived from the original on 2011-05-20. Retrieved 2008-09-15.
  2. ^ a b online article from Archived October 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine