Black Watch (play)
|Written by||Gregory Burke|
|Place premiered||Edinburgh Festival Fringe|
|Subject||The Black Watch Regiment in Iraq 2004|
Based on interviews with former soldiers, it portrays soldiers in the Black Watch regiment of the British Army serving on Operation TELIC in Iraq during 2004, prior to the amalgamation into the Royal Regiment of Scotland. Black Watch was first performed during the Edinburgh Festival Fringe on 1 August 2006 in a temporary traverse stage at the former University of Edinburgh Officer Training Corps' Drill hall.
Well received by critics, Black Watch has won four Olivier Awards including Best New Play. It has also won a Herald Angel, The Scotsman Fringe First, a Best Theatre Writing Award from The List, a Stage Award for Best Ensemble, the South Bank Show award for Theatre and four Critics' Awards for Theatre in Scotland.
The Black Watch regiment is based in Fife and the Tayside region in Scotland, and the army has been a part of their lives for generations. Their fathers, grandfathers, great grandfathers, have been soldiers in the regiment – a regiment that has been involved in virtually every major conflict since it was formed as the Gallant Forty Twa in 1739. "It's in the blood. It's part of who we are."
In October 2004, the Black Watch was at the centre of political controversy after the United States Army requested British forces to be moved further north outside of the British-controlled Multi-National Division, to replace forces temporarily redeployed for the Second Battle of Fallujah.
Despite objections in Parliament, the deployment went ahead. Based at Camp Dogwood, located between Fallujah and Karbala, in an area later dubbed the "Triangle of Death", the Black Watch came under sustained insurgent attack from mortars and rockets. On 4 November three soldiers and an interpreter were killed by a car bomb at a check point. The high-profile nature of the deployment caused a magnification of these deaths back home in Britain. On 16 December 2004, the controversy surrounding the Black Watch was further heightened by the official announcement that the regiment was to be amalgamated with the other regiments in the Scottish Division to form the Royal Regiment of Scotland. The then Secretary of State for Defence, Geoff Hoon, was accused by the SNP of "stabbing the soldiers in the back" and being motivated purely by political and administrative concerns, with little regard to the effect on morale.
Cast and productions
|Original cast||2008 cast||2010 cast||2012-13 cast|
|Cammy||Brian Ferguson||Paul Rattray||Jack Lowden||Ryan Fletcher/Stuart Martin|
|Granty||Paul Rattray||Jonathan Holt||Richard Rankin|
|Rossco||Jordan Young||Duncan Anderson||Ross Anderson||Adam McNamara|
|Stewarty||Ali Craig||Steven Miller||Chris Starkie||Benjamin Davies|
|Macca||David Colvin||Cameron Barnes|
|Nabsy||Nabil Stewart||Ryan Fletcher||Stuart Martin||Gavin Jon Wright|
|Writer/Sergeant||Paul Higgins||Michael Nardone||Adam McNamara||Robert Jack|
|Kenzie||Ryan Fletcher||Paul James Corrigan||Scott Fletcher|
|Fraz||Emun Elliott||James Quinn||Andrew Fraser|
|Officer/Lord Elgin||Peter Forbes||Ian Pirie||Stephen McCole|
|Understudies||Paul Tinto||Daniel Portman|
Other cast members have included: Tom Smith (Sergeant/ Writer – 2007 Scottish tour), Jack Fortune (Officer – 2007–2008), Henry Pettigrew (Rossco, 2007–2008) and Jack Lowden (Cammy, 2011).
Black Watch was the first National Theatre of Scotland production to be performed internationally. Productions tours have travelled:
- 2006 – Edinburgh
- 2007 – Pitlochry, Aberdeen, Glasgow, Dumfries, Dingwall, Los Angeles, New York City
- 2008 – Sydney, Perth, Western Australia, Wellington, Glenrothes, Glasgow, Coventry, Salford, Blaenau Gwent, Norfolk, Virginia, Toronto, London, Dublin, New York City
- 2010 – Glasgow, Aberdeen, Belfast, London
- 2011 – Washington, D.C., North Carolina, Texas, Coventry, Glenrothes, Chicago, New York
- 2012 – Washington, D.C., Chicago, Seoul
- 2013 – Glasgow, Norfolk and Norwich Festival, Seattle, San Francisco
The production's score features new music and arrangements of traditional songs from composer Davey Anderson alongside contemporary chart hits, instrumentals and recordings. Traditional songs are sung live by the cast. The Black Bear is performed live on bagpipes.
- Salute to the Commonwealth – The Band of HM Royal Marines Scotland
- Spitting Games – Snow Patrol
- First Sleep – Cliff Martinez
- Gallant Forty Twa – Traditional, arr. Davey Anderson
- Selection – The Black Watch Pipes and Drums
- Forfar Sodgar – Traditional, arr. Davey Anderson
- Farewell to Nigg – Shooglenifty
- Summer 78 – Yann Tiersen
- Twa Recruiting Sergeants – Traditional, arr. Davey Anderson
- Maybe You're My Puppet – Cliff Martinez
- Last Days – Max Richter
- A Thearlaich Òig (Oh Young Charles Stewart) – Margaret Bennett & Martyn Bennett
- Flowers of the Forest – Traditional, arr. Davey Anderson
- Black Bear – Traditional, arr. Davey Anderson
"They were every soldier; they were also irreducibly themselves. This exquisitely sustained double vision makes Black Watch one of the most richly human works of art to have emerged from this long-lived war" The New York Times
"Rarely has the torpor, the tension, the nerve-shattering randomness of this conflict's violence been made so agonizingly real – in real time. Black Watch is like a dose of caffeine delivered directly to the bloodstream." The Washington Post
"Brimming with breathtaking theatricality, inventiveness, style, thought provoking intelligence, humour and heart…an unmissable piece of theatre." Metro
"A mature and complex piece of political theatre – fierce, passionate and unguarded." The Guardian
- Best Theatre Award, The South Bank Show Awards 2006
- Best Director, The Critics Circle Awards 2006
- Herald Angel Award, 2006
- Scotsman Fringe First Award, 2006
- Best Theatre Writing Award, The List, 2006
- Friends of the Fringe Award, 2006
- Best Ensemble, The Stage Awards, 2006
- Best Director, Best Ensemble, Best Technical Presentation & Best Production,
Critics’ Awards for Theatre in Scotland 2006-2007
- Best Play, Writers’ Guild of Great Britain Awards 2007
- Best Visiting Production, Manchester Evening News Award 2007
- Best Touring Production, Theatre Management Association Awards 2008
- Great Scot Award for Entertainment, Sunday Mail Great Scot Awards 2008
- Best Sound Design, Helpmann Awards 2008
- Best New Play, Best Director, Best Theatre Choreographer & Best Sound Design, Laurence Olivier Awards 2009
- Best Foreign Play, New York Drama Critics' Circle Awards 2009
- Outstanding Touring Production, The Dora Mavor Moore Awards 2009
- Best Touring Show (Theatre), The Austin Critics’ Table Awards 2010-11
- Outstanding Non-Resident Production, Helen Hayes Award 2013
A DVD recording of the play, including the Scottish BAFTA award-winning BBC Scotland documentary Black Watch: A Soldier's Story, was released in October 2008. It won in the international category in the 2008 Prix Circom Regional Programme Awards.
- "Black Watch | Main | National Theatre of Scotland". Nationaltheatrescotland.com. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
- "UK | Scotland | Tayside and Central | Black Watch play tops awards list". BBC News. 13 May 2007. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
- Thom Dibdin (10 August 2006). "The Stage / Reviews / Black Watch". Thestage.co.uk. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
- Olivier Awards guardian.co.uk
- Brantley, Ben (24 October 2007). "THEATER REVIEW | 'BLACK WATCH'". The New York Times. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- Marks, Peter (3 November 2007). "'Black Watch': Embedding Drama With War Reality". The Washington Post. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- Chadwick, Alan (6 August 2006). "Black Watch". Metro. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- Gardner, Lyn (8 August 2006). "Black Watch". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- "BBC RELEASE BLACK WATCH DVD AND DOCUMENTARY". Nationaltheatrescotland.com. 10 October 2008. Retrieved 1 October 2010.[permanent dead link]
- Croatia (10 February 2010). "Prix Circom 2008". Circom-regional.eu. Retrieved 1 October 2010.