Black hornbill

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Black hornbill
Male at London Zoo, England
Male at London Zoo, England
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Bucerotiformes
Family: Bucerotidae
Genus: Anthracoceros
A. malayanus
Binomial name
Anthracoceros malayanus
(Raffles, 1822)

The black hornbill (Anthracoceros malayanus) is a species of bird of the hornbill family Bucerotidae. It lives in Asia in Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand.

It is the major seed disperser for Durio graveolens, a species of durian.[2] The connection is strong enough to reflect in some of the common names for the fruit: The Kenyah and Dayak peoples call it durian anggang (lit. 'hornbill durian'),[3] and in Malay it is called durian burong/durian burung[4] (lit. 'durian bird'),[3]

Female at Kuala Lumpur Bird Park, Malaysia


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Anthracoceros malayanus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ Nakashima, Yoshihiro; Lagan, Peter; Kitayama, Kanehiro (March 2008). "A Study of Fruit–Frugivore Interactions in Two Species of Durian (Durio, Bombacaceae) in Sabah, Malaysia". Biotropica. 40 (2): 255–258. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7429.2007.00335.x. ISSN 1744-7429. OCLC 5155811169.
  3. ^ a b Kostermans, André Joseph Guillaume Henri (December 1958). Dilmy, A.; Van Steens, C. G. G. J., eds. "The Genus Durio Adans. (Bombac.)" (PDF). Reinwardtia. 4 (3): 91–95. doi:10.14203/reinwardtia.v4i3.1008 (inactive 2018-10-05). ISSN 2337-8824. OCLC 4142407. Retrieved 10 November 2017.
  4. ^ O'Gara, E.; Guest, D. I.; Hassan, N. M. (2004). "Occurrence, Distribution and Utilisation of Durian Germplasm" (PDF). In Drenth, A.; Guest, D. I. Diversity and Management of Phytophthora in Southeast Asia ACIAR Monograph No. 114 (PDF)|format= requires |url= (help). Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR). pp. 187–193. ISBN 978-1-86320-405-7. Retrieved 9 November 2017.

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