Asplenium adiantum-nigrum

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Asplenium adiantum-nigrum
Asplenium adiantum-nigrum 030208.jpg

Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pteridophyta
Class: Polypodiopsida/Pteridopsida
(disputed)
Order: Polypodiales
Family: Aspleniaceae
Genus: Asplenium
Species: A. adiantum-nigrum
Binomial name
Asplenium adiantum-nigrum
L. [1]
Synonyms[2]

Asplenium adiantum-nigrum is a common species of fern known by the common name black spleenwort.[3] It is found mostly in Africa, Europe, and Eurasia, but is also native to a few locales in Mexico and the United States.[3][4]

Description[edit]

This spleenwort has thick, triangular leaf blades up to 10 centimeters long which are divided into several subdivided segments. It is borne on a reddish green petiole and the rachis is shiny and slightly hairy. The undersides of each leaf segment have one or more sori[4] arranged in chains.[5]

Native distribution[edit]

Asplenium adiantum-nigrum is native to:
Africa
Asia
Europe
Macaronesia
North America
Oceania

In Hawaii, this native fern grows on cinder cones and lava flows,[6] and it is present in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^  Asplenium adiantum-nigrum was originally described and published in Species Plantarum 2: 1081. 1753. "Name - Asplenium adiantum-nigrum L.". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved November 4, 2011. Annotation: as "Adiant. nigrum" 
  2. ^ "Name - Asplenium adiantum-nigrum L. synonyms". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved November 4, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c GRIN (November 20, 1998). "Asplenium adiantum-nigrum information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved November 4, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c Wagner, Warren H., Jr.; Moran, Robbin C.; Werth, Charles R. (1993). "Asplenium adiantum-nigrum". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 2: Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press. 
  5. ^ a b Esser, Lora L. 1994. Asplenium adiantum-nigrum. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer).
  6. ^ Asplenium adiantum-nigrum. The Nature Conservancy.

External links[edit]