Blackburn (UK Parliament constituency)

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Blackburn
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Blackburn in Lancashire.
Outline map
Location of Lancashire within England.
County Lancashire
Population 107,246 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate 72,112 (December 2010)[2]
Major settlements Blackburn
Current constituency
Created 1955
Member of parliament Kate Hollern (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Blackburn East and Blackburn West
18321950
Number of members Two
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Replaced by Blackburn East
Blackburn West
Created from Lancashire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

Blackburn is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Kate Hollern of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Constituency profile[edit]

It has elected Labour MPs since its re-creation in 1955.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency encompasses the town of Blackburn in the North West of England. It borders four other constituencies: Ribble Valley to the north, Hyndburn to the east, Rossendale and Darwen to the south and Chorley to the west.

Following the review of parliamentary representation in Lancashire, including the unitary authority of Blackburn with Darwen in the run up to the United Kingdom general election, 2010 the Boundary Commission for England made minor boundary changes to the existing constituency.

The electoral wards in the Blackburn seat fought at the UK general election in 2010 were entirely within the district of Blackburn with Darwen.

History[edit]

For more details, see the Politics section of the Blackburn article.

Blackburn was first enfranchised by the Reform Act 1832, as a two-member constituency, and was first used at the 1832–33 General Election. It was abolished for the 1950 General Election, when it was then replaced by two new single member constituencies, Blackburn East and Blackburn West.

Blackburn was re-established as a single-member constituency for the 1955 General Election, partially replacing the Blackburn East and Blackburn West constituencies which had been created only five years earlier. After its re-establishment in 1955, the constituency was initially a marginal, but Blackburn is now considered to be a Labour Party stronghold.

2005 General election[edit]

Blackburn's MP, Jack Straw, was challenged in the 2005 General Election primarily again by the Conservative Party but the former British ambassador to Uzbekistan, Craig Murray also stood for election in Blackburn. Murray said: "I've been approached by several people in the Asian community who are under huge pressure from Labour activists [talking up the BNP's chances] to apply for a postal vote rather than a ballot vote and then hand their postal vote over to the Labour party." Over 50% more people used postal votes in the 2005 General Election in Blackburn than in 2001.[3] Unlike in 1997 and 2001, the BNP had a candidate, who polled 5.4% of the vote.

2015 General Election[edit]

In August 2011, Jack Straw announced he had no plans to retire, despite hitting 65 earlier that month.[4]

On 25 October 2013, Straw announced that he would stand down as Blackburn's MP at the next election.[5] In March 2014, Kate Hollern was selected, via an all women shortlist, as the candidate for Labour for the 2015 General Election, and held the seat.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Two-member constituency (1832–1950)[edit]

Election 1st Member[6] 1st Party[7]

[8][9]

2nd Member[6] 2nd Party
1832 William Feilden Liberal William Turner Liberal
1841 Conservative John Hornby Conservative
1847 James Pilkington Whig[10][11][12]
1852 William Eccles Radical[10]
1853 by-election Montague Joseph Feilden Whig[10]
1857 William Henry Hornby Conservative
1859 Liberal
1865 Joseph Feilden Conservative
1869 by-election Henry Feilden Conservative Edward Hornby Conservative
1874 William Edward Briggs Liberal
1875 by-election Daniel Thwaites Conservative
1880 Sir William Coddington Conservative
1885 Sir Robert Peel Conservative
1886 William Hornby Conservative
1906 Philip Snowden Labour
1910 Sir Thomas Barclay Liberal
1910 Sir Henry Norman Liberal
1918 Percy Dean Coalition Conservative Coalition Liberal
1922 Sir Sydney Henn Conservative National Liberal
1923 John Duckworth Liberal
1929 Thomas Gill Labour Mary Hamilton Labour
1931 Sir George Elliston Conservative Sir W. D. Smiles Conservative
1945 John Edwards Labour Barbara Castle Labour
1950 constituency abolished: see Blackburn East and Blackburn West

Single member constituency (1955–present)[edit]

Election Member[6] Party
1955 constituency re-established
1955 Barbara Castle Labour
1979 Jack Straw Labour
2015 Independent
2015 Kate Hollern Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections since 1955[edit]


Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General Election 2017
Turnout: 47,512 (67.2%) +7.1
Labour hold
Majority: 20,368 (42.9%) +13.9
Swing: +6.95% from Con to Lab
Kate HollernLabour33,14869.8+13.5
Bob Eastwood Conservative12,78026.9-0.4
Duncan Miller Independent8751.8N/A
Irfan Ahmed Liberal Democrat7091.5-0.7
General Election 2015 [13][14]
Electorate: 73,251
Turnout: 43,999 (60.1%) –1.8
Labour hold
Majority: 12,760 (29.0%) +8.3
Swing: +3.7% from Con to Lab
Kate HollernLabour24,76256.3+8.5
Bob Eastwood Conservative12,00227.3+1.1
Dayle Taylor UKIP6,28014.3+12.2
Gordon Lishman Liberal Democrat9552.2−13.0
General Election 2010 [15][16]
Electorate: 72,331
Turnout: 45,499 (62.9%) +5.2
Labour hold
Majority: 9,856 (21.7%) +2.2
Swing: +1.1% from Con to Lab
Jack StrawLabour21,75147.8+5.7
Michael Law-Riding Conservative11,89526.1+3.5
Paul English Liberal Democrat6,91815.2-5.4
Robin Evans BNP2,1584.7−0.7
Bushra Irfan Independent1,4243.1N/A
Bobby Anwar UKIP9422.1−0.2
Grace Astley Independent2380.5N/A
Janis Sharp Independent1730.4N/A
General Election 2005 [17][18]
Electorate: 72,707
Turnout: 41,805 (56.9%) +1.4
Labour hold
Majority: 8,009 (19.2%) −3.7
Swing: 1.9% from Lab to Con
Jack StrawLabour17,56242.0−12.1
Imtiaz Ameen Conservative9,55322.9−8.3
Tony Melia Liberal Democrat8,60820.6+12.5
Nicholas Holt BNP2,2635.4N/A
Craig Murray Independent2,0825.0N/A
Dorothy Baxter UKIP9542.3−0.6
Graham Carter Green7831.9N/A
General Election 2001 [19][20]
Electorate: 72,611
Turnout: 40,284 (55.5%) −9.5
Labour hold
Majority: 9,249 (22.9%) −7.5
Swing: 2.9% from Lab to Con
Jack StrawLabour21,80854.1−0.9
John Cotton Conservative12,55931.2+6.6
Imtiaz Patel Liberal Democrat3,2648.1−2.4
Dorothy Baxter UKIP1,1852.9N/A
Terry Cullen Socialist Labour5591.4+0.1
Jim Nichol Socialist Alliance5321.3N/A
Paul Morris Independent3770.9−0.1
General Election 1997 [20][21]
Electorate: 47,501
Turnout: 47,501 (65.0%) −10.1
Labour hold
Majority: 14,445 (30.4%) +19.4
Swing: 9.7% from Con to Lab
Jack StrawLabour26,14155.0+6.6
Sangheeta G. Kaur Sidhu Conservative11,69624.6−12.9
Stephen J. Fenn Liberal Democrat4,99010.5−1.0
David P. Bradshaw Referendum1,8924.0N/A
Tina Wingfield National Democrats6711.4+1.4
Helen Drummond Socialist Labour6351.3N/A
Robin Field Green6081.3−0.3
Margo Carmichael-Grimshaw Keep Britain Free and Independent Party5061.1N/A
John Batchelor Common Sense Sick of Politicians3620.8N/A
General Election 1992 [22][23]
Electorate: 73,251
Turnout: 54,978 (75.1%) +0.2
Labour hold
Majority: 6,027 (11.0%) +0.2
Swing: 0.6% from Con to Lab
Jack StrawLabour26,63348.4−1.5
Ross M. Coates Conservative20,60637.5−2.6
Derek Mann Liberal Democrat6,33211.5+1.1
Robin Field Green8781.6N/A
Margo Carmichael-Grimshaw Lodestar Party3340.6N/A
William Ayliffe Natural Law1950.4N/A
General Election 1987 [24][25]
Electorate: 74,801
Turnout: 56,035 (74.9%) −0.3
Labour hold
Majority: 5,497 (9.8%) +3.4
Swing: 2.3% from Con to Lab
Jack StrawLabour27,96549.9+5.2
Anne Cheetham Conservative22,46840.1+0.7
Mohammed Ali Social Democratic5,60210.0−4.4
General Election 1983 [26][27]
Electorate: 76,078
Turnout: 56,784 (74.6%) +0.5
Labour hold
Majority: 3,055 (5.4%) −8.8
Swing: 4.4% from Lab to Con
Jack StrawLabour25,40044.7−6.0
Graham C.S. Mather Conservative22,34539.4+2.8
Eric B. Fairbrother Social Democratic8,17414.4+2.7
David A. Riley National Front8641.50.0
General Election 1979 [28]
Electorate: 52,479
Turnout: 38,813 (73.96%) +1.03
Labour hold
Majority: 5,490 (14.15%) −5.2
Swing: 2.6% from Lab to Con
Jack StrawLabour19,68350.71−0.75
Ian D. McGaw Conservative14,19336.57+4.5
Frank J. Beetham Liberal4,37111.26−0.7
Edward Adamson National Front5651.46−3.0
General Election October 1974 [29]
Electorate: 54,213
Turnout: 39,537 (72.93%) −6.3
Labour hold
Majority: 7,652 (19.36%) +4.4
Swing: 0.9% from Con to Lab
Barbara CastleLabour20,34451.46+3.1
Ian D. McGaw Conservative12,69232.10−1.3
Frank J. Beetham Liberal4,74111.99−2.0
John Kingsley Read National Front1,7584.45+.04
General Election February 1974 [30]
Electorate: 53,767
Turnout: 42,049 (78.21%) +2.7
Labour hold
Majority: 6,300 (14.98%) +8.5
Swing: 4.3% from Con to Lab
Barbara CastleLabour20,34048.37−4.9
Ian D. McGaw Conservative14,04033.39−13.4
Frank J. Beetham Liberal5,89114.01N/A
John Kingsley Read National Front1,7784.23N/A
General Election 1970 [31]
Electorate: 55,875
Turnout: 42,210 (75.54%) −3.8
Labour hold
Majority: 2,736 (6.48%) −10.1
Swing: 6.1% from Lab to Con
Barbara CastleLabour22,47353.24−6.1
Trixie Gardner Conservative19,73746.76+6.1
General election, 1966 [32]
Electorate: 54,911
Turnout: 43,514 (79.2%) −1.8
Labour hold
Majority: 7,248 (16.6%) +1.6
Swing: 1.6% from Con to Lab
Barbara CastleLabour25,38158.3+1.6
Thomas Marsden Conservative18,13341.7−1.6
General election, 1964 [33]
Electorate: 57,034
Turnout: 46,193 (81.0%)
Labour hold
Majority: 6,893 (15.0%) +9.4
Swing: 4.7% from Con to Lab
Barbara CastleLabour26,54357.5+4.7
John Maurice Armstrong Yerburgh Conservative19,65042.5−4.7
General election, 1959 [34]
Electorate: 60,362
Turnout: 51,846 (85.89%) +2.8
Labour hold
Majority: 2,866 (5.6%) +4.6
Swing: 2.3% from Con to Lab
Barbara CastleLabour27,35652.8+2.3
John Maurice Armstrong Yerburgh Conservative24,49047.2−2.3
General Election 1955 [35]
Electorate: 62,548
Turnout: 51,993 (83.1%)
Labour win
Majority: 489 (1.0%)
Barbara CastleLabour26,24150.5N/A
Thomas Marsden Conservative25,75249.5N/A

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1945: Blackburn
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Edwards 35,182 26.0
Labour Barbara Castle 35,145 26.0
Conservative Douglas Glover 26,325 19.5
Conservative Robert Goulborne Parker 25,807 19.1
Liberal Robert Shackleton 6,587 4.9
Liberal Marjorie Annie Macinerney 6,096 4.5
Turnout 82.6
Majority
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
Majority 8,820 6.9
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Blackburn
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Elliston 37,932 26.2
Conservative W. D. Smiles 37,769 26.1
Labour James Bell 34,571 23.9
Labour G Harry Walker 34,423 23.8
Turnout 144,695 84.9
Majority
Conservative hold Swing
Majority 3,198 2.2
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Blackburn
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative W. D. Smiles 50,105 33.2
Conservative George Elliston 49,953 33.1
Labour Mary Hamilton 25,643 17.0
Labour Thomas Gill 25,030 16.6
Turnout 150,731 87.4
Majority
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
Majority 24,310 16.1
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Blackburn (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Mary Hamilton 37,256 26.1 +4.3
Labour Thomas Gill 35,723 25.0 +3.2
Unionist Sydney Henn 35,249 24.7 -3.4
Liberal Gerald Isaacs 34,504 24.2 -4.1
Turnout 87.8 -0.4
Majority 474 0.3
Labour gain from Unionist Swing
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1924
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Duckworth 31,612 28.3
Conservative Sydney Henn 31,347 28.1
Labour Mary Hamilton 24,330 21.8
Labour Thomas Gill 24,317 21.8
Turnout 111,606 88.2
Majority 7,017 6.3
Unionist hold Swing
Majority 7,282 6.5
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1923: Blackburn (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Duckworth 31,117 29.1 n/a
Unionist Sydney Henn 28,505 26.6 +1.1
Labour John Davies 25,428 23.8 +2.1
Labour Edward Porter 21,903 20.5 -0.6
Turnout 85.0 -3.4
Majority 3,077 2.8 +0.1
Unionist hold Swing
Majority 5,689 5.3
Liberal hold Swing n/a
General Election 1922
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Sydney Henn 28,280 25.5
National Liberal Henry Norman 27,071 24.4
Labour John Davies 24,049 21.7
Labour Edward Porter 23,402 21.1
Liberal Thomas Meech 8,141 7.3
Turnout 88.4
Majority 3,022 2.7
Unionist hold Swing
Majority 4,231 3.8
National Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Henry Norman
General Election 1918: Blackburn
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Liberal Henry Norman 32,078 41.4 +15.1
C Unionist Percy Dean 30,158 38.9 −8.4
Labour Philip Snowden 15,274 19.7 −6.7
Turnout 74.8 −17.6
Majority 14,884 19.2
Unionist gain from Labour Swing −0.9
Majority 16,802 21.7
Liberal hold Swing +11.8
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.
General Election December 1910: Blackburn (two seats)[36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Philip Snowden 10,762 26.4 −1.7
Liberal Henry Norman 10,754 26.3 −2.1
Conservative W.B. Boyd-Carpenter 9,814 24.0 +2.0
Conservative H.L. Riley 9,500 23.3 +1.8
Turnout 92.4 −3.6
Registered electors 22,572
Majority 948 2.4 −3.7
Labour hold Swing −1.9
Majority 940 2.3 −4.1
Liberal hold Swing −2.1
General Election January 1910: Blackburn (two seats)[36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Norman 12,064 28.4 +4.9
Labour Philip Snowden 11,916 28.1 +1.4
Conservative Robert Cecil 9,307 22.0 −4.8
Conservative G.F.S. Bowles 9,112 21.5 −1.8
Turnout 96.0 +0.6
Registered electors 22,572
Majority 2,757 6.4 N/A
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +4.9
Majority 2,609 6.1 +2.7
Labour hold Swing +1.6

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906: Blackburn (two seats)[36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harry Hornby 10,291 26.8 −13.7
Labour Repr. Cmte. Philip Snowden 10,282 26.7 +2.1
Conservative Geoffrey Drage 8,932 23.3 −10.6
Liberal E. Hamer 8,892 23.2 N/A
Turnout 95.4 +9.6
Registered electors 21,127
Majority 1,399 3.6 −7.9
Conservative hold Swing +4.9
Majority 1,350 3.4 N/A
Labour Repr. Cmte. gain from Conservative Swing +6.4
General Election 1900: Blackburn (two seats)[36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harry Hornby 11,247 40.5 +3.1
Conservative William Coddington 9,415 33.9 −1.9
Labour Repr. Cmte. Philip Snowden 7,096 25.6 N/A
Turnout 85.8 −1.8
Registered electors 19,496
Majority 2,319 8.3 −0.7
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1895: Blackburn (two seats)[36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harry Hornby 9,553 37.4 +8.6
Conservative William Coddington 9,150 35.8 +7.8
Liberal Thomas Ritzema 6,840 26.8 −16.4
Turnout 87.6 −4.5
Registered electors 18,275
Majority 2,310 9.0 +3.5
Conservative hold Swing +12.5
Conservative hold Swing +12.1
General Election 1892: Blackburn (two seats)[36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harry Hornby 9,265 28.8 N/A
Conservative William Coddington 9,046 28.0 N/A
Liberal W. Taylor 7,272 22.5 N/A
Liberal Eli Heyworth[37] 6,694 20.7 N/A
Turnout 92.1 N/A
Registered electors 17,661
Majority 1,774 5.5 N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Blackburn (two seats) [38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Coddington Unopposed
Conservative Harry Hornby Unopposed
Conservative hold
Conservative hold
Coddington
Briggs
General Election 1885: Blackburn (two seats) [38][39][40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Coddington 9,168 30.9 +5.5
Conservative Robert Peel 8,425 28.4 +3.5
Liberal William Edward Briggs 6,740 22.7 −3.3
Liberal James Nuttall Boothman[41] 5,341 18.0 −5.6
Majority 1,685 5.7 +3.9
Turnout 15,656 95.9 +2.5 (est)
Registered electors 16,329
Conservative hold Swing +5.6
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +3.4
General Election 1880: Blackburn (two seats) [42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Edward Briggs 6,349 26.0 +0.6
Conservative William Coddington 6,207 25.4 −0.9
Conservative Daniel Thwaites 6,088 24.9 −0.4
Liberal George Molesworth 5,760 23.6 +0.5
Turnout 12,202 (est) 93.4 (est) −0.6
Registered electors 13,062
Majority 261 1.1 +1.0
Liberal hold Swing +0.5
Majority 447 1.8 +0.9
Conservative hold Swing −0.7

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

By-election, 2 Oct 1875[43][42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Daniel Thwaites 5,792 54.5 +2.9
Liberal J. T. Hibbert[44] 4,832 45.5 −3.0
Majority 960 9.0 +8.1
Turnout 10,624 90.6 −3.4
Registered electors 11,721
Conservative hold Swing +3.0
  • Caused by Feilden's death.
General Election 1874: Blackburn[42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Feilden 5,532 26.3 −0.1
Liberal William Edward Briggs 5,338 25.4 +1.4
Conservative Daniel Thwaites 5,323 25.3 −1.5
Liberal Richard Shackleton[45] 4,851 23.1 +0.3
Turnout 10,522 (est) 94.0 (est) −5.6
Registered electors 11,195
Majority 194 0.9 −1.4
Conservative hold Swing −0.2
Majority 15 0.1 N/A
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +1.5

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

By-election, 30 March 1869: Blackburn[42][46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Hornby 4,738 27.5 +0.7
Conservative Henry Feilden 4,697 27.3 +0.9
Liberal John Gerald Potter 3,964 23.0 −1.0
Liberal John Morley 3,804 22.1 −0.7
Majority 733 4.3 +2.0
Turnout 8,602 (est) 93.7 (est) −5.9
Registered electors 9,183
Conservative hold Swing +0.9
Conservative hold Swing +0.8
  • Caused by the 1868 election being declared void on petition after "undue influence by those who held the position of agents in the canvass".[47]
General election, 1868: Blackburn[42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Hornby 4,907 26.8 −5.0
Conservative Joseph Feilden 4,826 26.4 −1.9
Liberal John Gerald Potter 4,399 24.0 +6.6
Liberal Montague Joseph Feilden 4,164 22.8 +0.3
Majority 427 2.3 −3.6
Turnout 9,148 (est) 99.6 (est) +12.2
Registered electors 9,183
Conservative hold Swing −5.8
Conservative hold Swing −1.1
General election, 1865: Blackburn[42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Hornby 1,053 31.8
Conservative Joseph Feilden 938 28.3
Liberal James Pilkington 744 22.5
Liberal John Gerald Potter 577 17.4
Majority 194 5.9
Turnout 1,656 (est) 87.4 (est)
Registered electors 1,894
Conservative hold Swing
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

General election, 1859: Blackburn[42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Hornby 832 38.7 N/A
Liberal James Pilkington 750 34.9 N/A
Liberal John Patrick Murrough[48] 567 26.4 N/A
Majority 82 3.8 N/A
Turnout 1,491 (est) 92.2 (est) N/A
Registered electors 1,617
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election, 1857: Blackburn[42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Hornby Unopposed
Whig James Pilkington Unopposed
Registered electors 1,518
Conservative gain from Radical
Whig hold
By-election, 24 March 1853: Blackburn[42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Montague Joseph Feilden 631 52.4
Conservative William Hornby 574 47.6
Majority 57 4.7
Turnout 1,205 90.9
Registered electors 1,325
Whig gain from Radical Swing
  • Caused by Eccles' election being declared void on petition, due to bribery.[49]
General election, 1852: Blackburn[42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig James Pilkington 846 43.7
Radical William Eccles 580 30.0
Conservative John Hornby 509 26.3
Turnout 968 (est) 76.9 (est) N/A
Registered electors 1,258
Majority 266 13.7
Whig hold Swing
Majority 71 3.7
Radical gain from Conservative Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Blackburn: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  2. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  3. ^ Could the election be won by fraud?, Robert Winnett and Abul Taher, The Sunday Times, 10 April 2005
  4. ^ "Jack Straw has no plans to retire despite hitting 65". Lancashire Telegraph. 14 August 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2016. 
  5. ^ "Jack Straw to step down as Labour MP for Blackburn". BBC News. 25 October 2013. Retrieved 25 October 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 3)
  7. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 49–50. ISBN 0-900178-26-4. 
  8. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 76. ISBN 0-900178-27-2. 
  9. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 92. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 
  10. ^ a b c Pink, William Dumcombe; Beavan, Alfred B. (1889). The Parliamentary Representation of Lancashire (County and Borough) 1258-1885 with Biographical and Genealogical Notices of the Members. London: Henry Gray. p. 317. Retrieved 14 April 2018. 
  11. ^ "The General Election". The Spectator. 31 July 1847. p. 2. Retrieved 14 April 2018. 
  12. ^ "The Diary of Charles TIplady". Cotton Town. Retrieved 14 April 2018. 
  13. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "Blackburn". BBC News. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  15. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "UK General Election results May 2010". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  18. ^ "UK General Election results May 2005". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010. 
  19. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
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  45. ^ "The General Election". Western Daily Mercury. 28 January 1874. p. 3. Retrieved 27 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  46. ^ "Election Intelligence. Blackburn". The Times. London. 31 March 1869. p. 4, col F. 
  47. ^ "Blackburn Election Petition". Preston Chronicle. 20 March 1869. p. 2. Retrieved 28 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  48. ^ "Representation of Blackburn". Preston Chronicle. 23 April 1859. p. 5. Retrieved 14 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  49. ^ "Blackburn Election". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 26 March 1853. p. 5. Retrieved 14 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 

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