Blackburn (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Blackburn in Lancashire.
Location of Lancashire within England.
|Population||107,246 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||72,112 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Kate Hollern (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Blackburn East and Blackburn West|
|Number of members||Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|Replaced by||Blackburn East
|European Parliament constituency||North West England|
- 1 Constituency profile
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 History
- 4 2015 General Election
- 5 Members of Parliament
- 6 Elections
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes and references
- 9 External links
It has elected Labour MPs since its re-creation in 1955.
The constituency encompasses the town of Blackburn in the North West of England. It borders four other constituencies: Ribble Valley to the north, Hyndburn to the east, Rossendale and Darwen to the south and Chorley to the west.
Following the review of parliamentary representation in Lancashire, including the unitary authority of Blackburn with Darwen in the run up to the United Kingdom general election, 2010 the Boundary Commission for England made minor boundary changes to the existing constituency.
The electoral wards in the Blackburn seat fought at the UK general election in 2010 were entirely within the district of Blackburn with Darwen.
- Audley, Bastwell, Beardwood and Lammack, Corporation Park, Ewood, Higher Croft, Little Harwood, Livesey with Pleasington, Meadowhead, Mill Hill, Queen's Park, Roe Lee, Shadsworth with Whitebirk, Shear Brow and Wensley Fold.
For more details, see the Politics section of the Blackburn article.
Blackburn was first enfranchised by the Reform Act 1832, as a two-member constituency, and was first used at the 1832–33 General Election. It was abolished for the 1950 General Election, when it was then replaced by two new single member constituencies, Blackburn East and Blackburn West.
Blackburn was re-established as a single-member constituency for the 1955 General Election, partially replacing the Blackburn East and Blackburn West constituencies which had been created only five years earlier. After its re-establishment in 1955, the constituency was initially a marginal, but Blackburn is now considered to be a Labour Party stronghold.
2005 General election
Blackburn's MP, Jack Straw, was challenged in the 2005 General Election primarily again by the Conservative Party but the former British ambassador to Uzbekistan, Craig Murray also stood for election in Blackburn. Murray said: "I've been approached by several people in the Asian community who are under huge pressure from Labour activists [talking up the BNP's chances] to apply for a postal vote rather than a ballot vote and then hand their postal vote over to the Labour party." Over 50% more people used postal votes in the 2005 General Election in Blackburn than in 2001. Unlike in 1997 and 2001, the BNP had a candidate, who polled 5.4% of the vote.
2015 General Election
On 25 October 2013, Straw announced that he would stand down as Blackburn's MP at the next election. In March 2014, Kate Hollern was selected, via an all women shortlist, as the candidate for Labour for the 2015 General Election, and held the seat.
Members of Parliament
Two-member constituency (1832–1950)
Single member constituency (1955–present)
Elections since 1955
|General Election 2017
Turnout: 47,512 (67.2%) +7.1
Majority: 20,368 (42.9%) +13.9
Swing: +6.95% from Con to Lab
|Irfan Ahmed||Liberal Democrat||709||1.5||-0.7|
|General Election 2015 
Turnout: 43,999 (60.1%) –1.8
Majority: 12,760 (29.0%) +8.3
Swing: +3.7% from Con to Lab
|Gordon Lishman||Liberal Democrat||955||2.2||−13.0|
|General Election 2010 
Turnout: 45,499 (62.9%) +5.2
Majority: 9,856 (21.7%) +2.2
Swing: +1.1% from Con to Lab
|Paul English||Liberal Democrat||6,918||15.2||-5.4|
|General Election 2005 
Turnout: 41,805 (56.9%) +1.4
Majority: 8,009 (19.2%) −3.7
Swing: 1.9% from Lab to Con
|Tony Melia||Liberal Democrat||8,608||20.6||+12.5|
|General Election 2001 
Turnout: 40,284 (55.5%) −9.5
Majority: 9,249 (22.9%) −7.5
Swing: 2.9% from Lab to Con
|Imtiaz Patel||Liberal Democrat||3,264||8.1||−2.4|
|Terry Cullen||Socialist Labour||559||1.4||+0.1|
|Jim Nichol||Socialist Alliance||532||1.3||N/A|
|General Election 1997 
Turnout: 47,501 (65.0%) −10.1
Majority: 14,445 (30.4%) +19.4
Swing: 9.7% from Con to Lab
|Sangheeta G. Kaur Sidhu||Conservative||11,696||24.6||−12.9|
|Stephen J. Fenn||Liberal Democrat||4,990||10.5||−1.0|
|David P. Bradshaw||Referendum||1,892||4.0||N/A|
|Tina Wingfield||National Democrats||671||1.4||+1.4|
|Helen Drummond||Socialist Labour||635||1.3||N/A|
|Margo Carmichael-Grimshaw||Keep Britain Free and Independent Party||506||1.1||N/A|
|John Batchelor||Common Sense Sick of Politicians||362||0.8||N/A|
|General Election 1992 
Turnout: 54,978 (75.1%) +0.2
Majority: 6,027 (11.0%) +0.2
Swing: 0.6% from Con to Lab
|Ross M. Coates||Conservative||20,606||37.5||−2.6|
|Derek Mann||Liberal Democrat||6,332||11.5||+1.1|
|Margo Carmichael-Grimshaw||Lodestar Party||334||0.6||N/A|
|William Ayliffe||Natural Law||195||0.4||N/A|
|General Election 1987 
Turnout: 56,035 (74.9%) −0.3
Majority: 5,497 (9.8%) +3.4
Swing: 2.3% from Con to Lab
|Mohammed Ali||Social Democratic||5,602||10.0||−4.4|
|General Election 1983 
Turnout: 56,784 (74.6%) +0.5
Majority: 3,055 (5.4%) −8.8
Swing: 4.4% from Lab to Con
|Graham C.S. Mather||Conservative||22,345||39.4||+2.8|
|Eric B. Fairbrother||Social Democratic||8,174||14.4||+2.7|
|David A. Riley||National Front||864||1.5||0.0|
|General Election 1979 
Turnout: 38,813 (73.96%) +1.03
Majority: 5,490 (14.15%) −5.2
Swing: 2.6% from Lab to Con
|Ian D. McGaw||Conservative||14,193||36.57||+4.5|
|Frank J. Beetham||Liberal||4,371||11.26||−0.7|
|Edward Adamson||National Front||565||1.46||−3.0|
|General Election October 1974 
Turnout: 39,537 (72.93%) −6.3
Majority: 7,652 (19.36%) +4.4
Swing: 0.9% from Con to Lab
|Ian D. McGaw||Conservative||12,692||32.10||−1.3|
|Frank J. Beetham||Liberal||4,741||11.99||−2.0|
|John Kingsley Read||National Front||1,758||4.45||+.04|
|General Election February 1974 
Turnout: 42,049 (78.21%) +2.7
Majority: 6,300 (14.98%) +8.5
Swing: 4.3% from Con to Lab
|Ian D. McGaw||Conservative||14,040||33.39||−13.4|
|Frank J. Beetham||Liberal||5,891||14.01||N/A|
|John Kingsley Read||National Front||1,778||4.23||N/A|
|General Election 1970 
Turnout: 42,210 (75.54%) −3.8
Majority: 2,736 (6.48%) −10.1
Swing: 6.1% from Lab to Con
|General election, 1966 
Turnout: 43,514 (79.2%) −1.8
Majority: 7,248 (16.6%) +1.6
Swing: 1.6% from Con to Lab
|General election, 1964 
Turnout: 46,193 (81.0%)
Majority: 6,893 (15.0%) +9.4
Swing: 4.7% from Con to Lab
|John Maurice Armstrong Yerburgh||Conservative||19,650||42.5||−4.7|
|General election, 1959 
Turnout: 51,846 (85.89%) +2.8
Majority: 2,866 (5.6%) +4.6
Swing: 2.3% from Con to Lab
|John Maurice Armstrong Yerburgh||Conservative||24,490||47.2||−2.3|
|General Election 1955 
Turnout: 51,993 (83.1%)
Majority: 489 (1.0%)
Elections in the 1940s
General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
|Conservative||Robert Goulborne Parker||25,807||19.1|
|Liberal||Marjorie Annie Macinerney||6,096||4.5|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1930s
|Conservative||W. D. Smiles||37,769||26.1|
|Labour||G Harry Walker||34,423||23.8|
|Conservative||W. D. Smiles||50,105||33.2|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1920s
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing|
|Labour gain from Liberal||Swing|
|National Liberal||Henry Norman||27,071||24.4|
|National Liberal hold||Swing|
Elections in the 1910s
|Unionist gain from Labour||Swing||−0.9|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+4.9|
Elections in the 1900s
|Labour Repr. Cmte.||Philip Snowden||10,282||26.7||+2.1|
|Labour Repr. Cmte. gain from Conservative||Swing||+6.4|
|Labour Repr. Cmte.||Philip Snowden||7,096||25.6||N/A|
Elections in the 1890s
Elections in the 1880s
|Liberal||William Edward Briggs||6,740||22.7||−3.3|
|Liberal||James Nuttall Boothman||5,341||18.0||−5.6|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+3.4|
|Liberal||William Edward Briggs||6,349||26.0||+0.6|
|Turnout||12,202 (est)||93.4 (est)||−0.6|
Elections in the 1870s
|Liberal||J. T. Hibbert||4,832||45.5||−3.0|
- Caused by Feilden's death.
|Liberal||William Edward Briggs||5,338||25.4||+1.4|
|Turnout||10,522 (est)||94.0 (est)||−5.6|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+1.5|
Elections in the 1860s
|Liberal||John Gerald Potter||3,964||23.0||−1.0|
|Turnout||8,602 (est)||93.7 (est)||−5.9|
- Caused by the 1868 election being declared void on petition after "undue influence by those who held the position of agents in the canvass".
|Liberal||John Gerald Potter||4,399||24.0||+6.6|
|Liberal||Montague Joseph Feilden||4,164||22.8||+0.3|
|Turnout||9,148 (est)||99.6 (est)||+12.2|
|Liberal||John Gerald Potter||577||17.4|
|Turnout||1,656 (est)||87.4 (est)|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing|
Elections in the 1850s
|Liberal||John Patrick Murrough||567||26.4||N/A|
|Turnout||1,491 (est)||92.2 (est)||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Radical|
|Whig||Montague Joseph Feilden||631||52.4|
|Whig gain from Radical||Swing|
- Caused by Eccles' election being declared void on petition, due to bribery.
|Turnout||968 (est)||76.9 (est)||N/A|
|Radical gain from Conservative||Swing|
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Lancashire
- Blackburn East (UK Parliament constituency) 1950–1955
- Blackburn West (UK Parliament constituency) 1950–1955
Notes and references
- "Blackburn: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Could the election be won by fraud?, Robert Winnett and Abul Taher, The Sunday Times, 10 April 2005
- "Jack Straw has no plans to retire despite hitting 65". Lancashire Telegraph. 14 August 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
- "Jack Straw to step down as Labour MP for Blackburn". BBC News. 25 October 2013. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 3)
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 49–50. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 76. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 92. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- Pink, William Dumcombe; Beavan, Alfred B. (1889). The Parliamentary Representation of Lancashire (County and Borough) 1258-1885 with Biographical and Genealogical Notices of the Members. London: Henry Gray. p. 317. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
- "The General Election". The Spectator. 31 July 1847. p. 2. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
- "The Diary of Charles TIplady". Cotton Town. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Blackburn". BBC News. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results May 2010". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results May 2005". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results May 1997 and June 2001: Blackburn". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results June 1987". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results June 1983". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results May 1979". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results October 1974". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results February 1974". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results 1970". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results March 1966". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results October 1964". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results October 1959". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results May 1955". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- "Late 19th Century". Cotton Town. Blackburn with Darwen Council. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- "Blackburn". Preston Herald. 2 Jan 1886. p. 3. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "Blackburn Election". Jersey Independent and Daily Telegraph. 2 October 1875 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- "Election of Blackburn". Preston Herald. 25 September 1875. p. 3. Retrieved 27 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- "The General Election". Western Daily Mercury. 28 January 1874. p. 3. Retrieved 27 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- "Election Intelligence. Blackburn". The Times. London. 31 March 1869. p. 4, col F.
- "Blackburn Election Petition". Preston Chronicle. 20 March 1869. p. 2. Retrieved 28 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- "Representation of Blackburn". Preston Chronicle. 23 April 1859. p. 5. Retrieved 14 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- "Blackburn Election". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 26 March 1853. p. 5. Retrieved 14 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))