Blackburn First Monoplane

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First Monoplane
Blackburn Monoplane.jpg
Role Experimental aircraft
Manufacturer Robert Blackburn
Designer Robert Blackburn
First flight 24 May 1909
Produced 1

The Blackburn First Monoplane (also known as Monoplane No 1) was a British experimental aircraft constructed by Robert Blackburn in 1909.

Design and development[edit]

The First Monoplane was a high-wing monoplane with the engine and pilot's seat located on a three-wheeled platform. A cruciform tail was carried on an uncovered boom extending from the wing. The 8 ft 6 in (2.59 m) propeller was mounted just below the wing's leading edge and driven by a chain to the 35 hp (26 kW) Green engine below.

Designed during a stay in Paris, construction began at Thomas Green & Sons engineering works at Leeds, where Blackburn's father was general manager and was later relocated to workshop space in a small clothing factory. When complete, it was transported to the beach between Saltburn and Marske for testing from April 1909. In that year, only taxying trials with the occasional hop were made. The only flight – on 24 May 1910 – lasted for around one minute, and ended in a crash in which the aircraft was damaged beyond repair. Blackburn later recalled the incident thus:


The only aircraft was destroyed but a replica of the aircraft was constructed by members of the Brough Heritage Group[2] and is displayed at the Brough Heritage Centre.


Data from [3]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1 pilot
  • Length: 23 ft 0 in (7.01 m)
  • Wingspan: 24 ft 0 in (7.32 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 6 in (2.9 m)
  • Wing area: 170 ft² (15.8 m²)
  • Loaded weight: 800 lb (363 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Green C.4, 35 hp (26 kW)



  1. ^ Blackburn, Robert (14 and 21 August 2004). "Pioneer of the Aviation World". Yorkshire Post.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^
  3. ^ Jackson,A.J.. Blackburn Aircraft since 1909.(1968). London: Putnam & Company Ltd. ISBN 0-370-00053-6
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 155. 
  • World Aircraft Information Files. London: Bright Star Publishing. pp. File 890 Sheet 31. 
  • Blackburn Aircraft Company (details the construction of the replica).