|Population||1,055 (2011 census)|
|Elevation||474 m (1,555 ft)|
|LGA(s)||South Burnett Region|
The town is located on the D'Aguilar Highway, in the South Burnett local government area, 166 kilometres (103 mi) north-west of the state capital, Brisbane. Blackbutt lies within the Cooyar Creek catchment, tributary of the Brisbane River, which rises in the Bunya Mountains to the west.
European settlement in the Blackbutt area began in 1842, when the Scott family established Taromeo station. In 1887, the Scott family ceded land to found both Blackbutt and its neighbouring town of Benarkin. Farms were established in the area and the discovery of gold in the area in the late 19th century led to population growth in the town.
The timber industry played an important role in the development of the town.
The town is named after Eucalyptus pilularis, commonly known as blackbutt, a common tree of the family Myrtaceae native to south-eastern Australia which is one of Australia's most important hardwoods.
Blackbutt, Benarkin and the nearby town of Yarraman are often collectively referred to as the "Timber Towns" and the terms "Timbertown" and "Timbertowners" feature in the name of many local businesses and a sporting teams.
When the Blackbutt railway station was built to serve the town, it was some distance from the town, so in 1910 it was decided to name the station Benarkin instead. This in turn gave its name to the new town that formed near the railway station Benarkin. Because of the close proximity (3.5 kilometres (2.2 mi) apart) and intertwined history of the two towns, they are often referred to as the twin towns of Blackbutt-Benarkin. Blackbutt was connected to the Brisbane Valley railway line in 1911. However, the line was closed in the 1980s and was converted into a rail trail
The Blackbutt Library was opened in 1996.
Blackbutt is the site of the Queensland Government's first trial of using fibre composite in bridge building when it was used in the replacement of Taromeo Creek bridge in 2005. Fibre composite materials are much stronger than steel and concrete but also much lighter and do not rust.
Town water supply is provided by Boobir Dam.
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- Rucker, Audrey (1984). Benarkin State School jubilee 1910–1985 : some history of the district and the school. Benarkin State School.
Media related to Blackbutt, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons