Blackbutt, Queensland

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Blackbutt
Queensland
Blackbutt Hotel Radnor.JPG
Hotel Radnor
Blackbutt is located in Queensland
Blackbutt
Blackbutt
Coordinates 26°53′0″S 152°06′0″E / 26.88333°S 152.10000°E / -26.88333; 152.10000Coordinates: 26°53′0″S 152°06′0″E / 26.88333°S 152.10000°E / -26.88333; 152.10000
Population 1,055 (2011 census)[1]
Established 1887
Postcode(s) 4306
Elevation 474 m (1,555 ft)
Location
LGA(s) South Burnett Region
County Cavendish
Parish Taromeo
State electorate(s) Nanango
Federal Division(s) Maranoa
Localities around Blackbutt:
Nukku Blackbutt North Benarkin
Nukku Blackbutt Benarkin
Nukku Blackbutt South Benarkin

Blackbutt is both a town and a locality in the South Burnett Region of Queensland, Australia.[2][3] In the 2011 census, Blackbutt had a population of 1,055 people.[1]

Geography[edit]

The town is located on the D'Aguilar Highway, in the South Burnett local government area, 166 kilometres (103 mi) north-west of the state capital, Brisbane. Blackbutt lies within the Cooyar Creek catchment, tributary of the Brisbane River, which rises in the Bunya Mountains to the west.

History[edit]

European settlement in the Blackbutt area began in 1842, when the Scott family established Taromeo station. In 1887, the Scott family ceded land to found both Blackbutt and its neighbouring town of Benarkin. Farms were established in the area and the discovery of gold in the area in the late 19th century led to population growth in the town.

The timber industry played an important role in the development of the town.

The town is named after Eucalyptus pilularis, commonly known as blackbutt, a common tree of the family Myrtaceae native to south-eastern Australia which is one of Australia's most important hardwoods.

Blackbutt, Benarkin and the nearby town of Yarraman are often collectively referred to as the "Timber Towns" and the terms "Timbertown" and "Timbertowners" feature in the name of many local businesses and a sporting teams.[4]

Blackbutt Provisional School opened on 20 January 1896 under teacher Rosa Bella Ryan. In 1909 it became Blackbutt State School. In January 1914, the school relocated to a larger site.[5][6]

Blackbutt Post Office opened by November 1906 (a receiving office had been open from 1896).[7]

When the Blackbutt railway station was built to serve the town, it was some distance from the town, so in 1910 it was decided to name the station Benarkin instead.[8] This in turn gave its name to the new town that formed near the railway station Benarkin. Because of the close proximity (3.5 kilometres (2.2 mi) apart) and intertwined history of the two towns, they are often referred to as the twin towns of Blackbutt-Benarkin.[3] Blackbutt was connected to the Brisbane Valley railway line in 1911. However, the line was closed in the 1980s and was converted into a rail trail[9]

Blackbutt War Memorial, 2010

The Blackbutt War Memorial was unveiled on 24 April 1920 by J.A. Lee, the chairman of Nanango Shire.[10]

Transport[edit]

Blackbutt is the site of the Queensland Government's first trial of using fibre composite in bridge building when it was used in the replacement of Taromeo Creek bridge in 2005.[11][12] Fibre composite materials are much stronger than steel and concrete but also much lighter and do not rust.[13]

Education[edit]

Blackbutt State School is a government primary (P-6)school located at Crofton Street (26°53′25″S 152°06′13″E / 26.890251°S 152.103592°E / -26.890251; 152.103592 (Blackbutt State School)). In 2012, there were 173 students enrolled in 8 classes (single-year cohort) and 13 teachers (11.7 full-time equivalent).[14] There is no secondary school in Blackbutt, the nearest are in Yarraman (P-9), Nanango and Kingaroy.[15]

Amenities[edit]

The South Burnett Regional Council operates a library in Blackbutt.[16]

Infrastructure[edit]

Town water supply is provided by Boobir Dam.

Attractions[edit]

The Brisbane Valley Rail Trail passes through Blackbutt, following the route of the former railway line. It is for walking cycling and horse riding; no motorised vehicles are permitted.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Blackbutt (SSC)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  2. ^ "Blackbutt (town) (entry 2987)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 21 December 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Blackbutt (locality) (entry 46193)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 21 December 2013. 
  4. ^ "Timbertowners Celebrate 100 Years". The South Burnett Times. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2015. 
  5. ^ "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  6. ^ "Agency ID172, Blackbutt State School". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  7. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  8. ^ "Naming Railway Stations.". The Brisbane Courier. National Library of Australia. 24 December 1910. p. 4. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  9. ^ "Blackbutt-Benarkin: The Timber Towns". South Burnett Tourism. South Burnett Online. Retrieved 7 June 2007. 
  10. ^ "Blackbutt War Memorial". Monument Australia. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  11. ^ Lucas, Paul. "New Blackbutt Bridge Safer" (PDF). Press Release: 04/04/05. Queensland Government. Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  12. ^ McCormick, Louise (March 2006). "Taromeo Creek Bridge – The first fibre composite bridge bridge on Queensland's road network" (PDF). Queensland Roads. Queensland Government. Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  13. ^ "Fibre Composite Projects" (PDF). Technical Note 54. Queensland Government. August 2013. Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  14. ^ "2012 School Annual Report" (PDF). Blackbutt State School. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  15. ^ "Queensland State and Non-State Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  16. ^ "Locate a Library - South Burnett Regional Council". South Burnett Regional Council. Retrieved 2016-02-26. 
  17. ^ "Moore to Blackbutt". Brisbane Valley Rail Trail. Queensland Government. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Blackbutt, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons