Blackheath, New South Wales
New South Wales
The town's main intersection
|Population||4,353 (2011 census)|
|Elevation||1,065 m (3,494 ft)|
|LGA(s)||City of Blue Mountains|
|State electorate(s)||Blue Mountains|
Blackheath (postcode: 2785) is an Australian town located near the highest point of the Blue Mountains, between Katoomba and Mount Victoria in New South Wales. The town's altitude is about 1,065 metres (3,494 ft) AHD and it is located about 120 kilometres (75 mi) west north-west of the Sydney central business district, 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) north-west of Katoomba, and about 30 kilometres (19 mi) south-east of Lithgow
As Blackheath has grown, more and more shops have appeared. Various shops from the late 1800s still exist in Blackheath.
The region of what is now known as Blackheath was originally known as East Lithgow. Surrounding areas were thought to be a summer corroboree meeting place for several Indigenous peoples of the Darug, Gundungurra and Wiradjuri nations.
Following European settlement of Australia, the site was originally named Hounslow. After crossing the Blue Mountains in 1815 and returning from Bathurst, Governor Lachlan Macquarie renamed the settlement as "Black-Heath", in reference to the colour and texture of the native shrubbery in the area. Macquarie recorded in his journal:
"This place having a black wild appearance I have this day named it Black-Heath."
The first building in Blackheath, the "Scotch Thistle Inn", was erected by Andrew Gardner in 1831 and Charles Darwin visited the inn in 1836. The extent of the original grant of land to Gardner can be seen today as the area bound by the Great Western Highway, Govetts Leap Road and (the misspelt) Gardiners Crescent.
Blackheath developed into a town after the Main Western railway line was built in 1869; the current station location was completed in 1883. A large dam built to supply water for railway steam engines became the public baths well before steam operations ceased upon electrification. The baths opened for public swimming in 1931 and since then have been redeveloped to include swimming pools, children's play facilities and surrounding park lands. Blackheath's original post office opened in 1910 and has now been converted into a gift shop and cafe.
Blackheath's sporting claim to fame is that Don Bradman hit a century off three overs for the Blackheath team in November 1931 at Blackheath Oval in a social match against Lithgow. He went on to make 256.
- Age distribution: The residents' median age was 47 years, which is ten years older than the national median age of 37. Children aged under 15 years made up 17.2% of the population (national average is 19.3%) and people aged 65 years and over made up 21.3% of the population (national average is 14.0%).
- Ethnic diversity : 68% were born in Australia, similar to the national average of 70%; the next most common countries of birth were England 6.2%, New Zealand 1.6%, Germany 0.9%, and Netherlands 0.8%. At home, 81% of residents only spoke English; other languages spoken at home included German 0.7%, Greek 0.4%, French 0.4%, Spanish 0.4% and Dutch 0.3%.
- Finances: The median household weekly income was $924, compared to the national median of $1,234. This difference is also reflected in real estate, with the median mortgage payment being $1,600 per month, compared to the national median of $1,800.
- Housing: The great majority (95.5%) of residences were separate houses, 3.4% were semi-detached (row or terrace houses, townhouses etc.), and 0.9% were flats, units or apartments. The average household size was 2.1 people.
- Religion: The most common religious affiliation was "No Religion" (31%); the next most common responses were Anglican 16%, Catholic 16%, Uniting Church 3% and Buddhism 3%.
From Blackheath town centre, a short drive to the east northeast takes visitors to Govetts Leap, a lookout with spectacular views of the Grose Valley and nearby waterfalls. The fall is named after William Romaine Govett, an assistant to the Surveyor General at the time, who first came upon that spot in June 1831. The name 'leap' is an old Scottish word meaning waterfall or cascade. According to folklore, a bushranger named Govett rode off the cliff rather than be captured. This story is not verified by historical sources.
Evans Lookout provides an alternate vantage point for views, also into Grose Valley. Pulpit Rock, Perrys Lookdown and Anvil Rock are other lookouts to the north northeast of the town centre, off Hat Hill Road. There are several walking tracks starting from the lookouts, including short walks to enjoy different views, longer half and whole day walks, and walks involving camping overnight or several days walk. Canyoners and rockclimbers also base themselves at Blackheath for activities in the surrounding national park. The Blue Gum Forest may be accessed from Perrys Lookdown.
The area is known today for its colourful blooms in Spring and golden Autumn foliage as the weather begins to cool. In September, daffodils bloom and on the first weekend of November, Blackheath hosts an annual Rhododendron Festival.
The Campbell Rhododendron Gardens are located north northeast of the town centre, in Bachante Street. The 18.5 hectares (46 acres) gardens comprise Rhododendrons and Azaleas planted underneath a native Australian bush canopy; tended by the volunteers of The Blue Mountains Rhododendron Society of NSW. The gardens are a spectacular sight in the spring months of September through to November.
The ornamental cherry trees that line the streets are usually in full bloom in the first week of October and are considered one of the spectacles of the Blue Mountains.
Blackheath has many cafes and restaurants, a large antique centre and other shops of interest to tourists. It is a popular destination for people from Sydney for a weekend excursion or a Sunday drive.
The Great Western Highway is the main road access route, through the town's main business district. To the northwest of Blackheath, at Mount Victoria, the Darling Causeway connects the Great Western Highway to the Bells Line of Road at Bell.
Geography and climate
The area around Blackheath contains some of the most spectacular views in the Blue Mountains, including those over the Grose Valley from Evans Lookout and Govetts Leap in the east, and the lesser-known vista of the Megalong Valley from Hargraves Lookout in the west, past the tiny hamlet of Shipley.
As the highest town in the Blue Mountains, Blackheath receives snow in winter (two settled falls per season is the average with another five to ten days of light snow showers) and even in summer the temperatures are generally mild in comparison to other locations at the same latitude. Average maximum temperature in winter is around 9 to 10 °C (48 to 50 °F) although some days struggle to get above 5 to 6 °C (41 to 43 °F). Frosts are fairly common but not as common or strong as frosts on the Oberon Plateau or in places further west, like Bathurst and Orange. Local topography tends to keep minimum temperatures in the −3 to 5 °C (27 to 41 °F) range as the coldest air during radiative cooling (clear, calm nights) drains into the valleys.
In summer, average maximum temperatures are around 23 °C (73 °F) but temperatures occasionally peak at 30 °C (86 °F) on some days during mid-summer and can also drop to the mid teens, or lower, during southerly changes or when onshore troughs persist on the east coast. Minimum temperatures in summer are typically around 10 to 15 °C (50 to 59 °F) but minimums in single figures also occur, more commonly in December. In December 2011, a minimum of 2.4 °C (36.3 °F) was recorded.
Blackheath's location on a high ridge makes it vulnerable to strong and sometimes destructive winds, especially in the winter months when cold fronts surge up from the Southern Ocean, producing land gales. On 5 July 2011 a strong cold front passed over the area that produced winds that officially gusted up to 139 kilometres per hour (86 mph), causing many trees to be uprooted and extensive damage to some property. The Venturi effect, where airflow is constricted by vertical cliffs and deep valleys, would probably have produced winds notably stronger than this in vulnerable locations in town and nearby. Land gales are more likely to occur from around April to November but vary in their intensity from year to year. Spring and summer storms can also produce fresh to strong winds, typically in the range of 70 to 90 kilometres per hour (43 to 56 mph).
Blackheath can also be prone to fogs and thunderstorms, although this varies notably from year to year. Some days in summer are quite humid, allowing for moisture to build during the day, sometimes creating severe storms that can last for hours. The most common cause for quite frequent spring/summer thunderstorms in and around Blackheath is related to the early, mid morning heating of the lower atmosphere, due to the town's elevation.
Blackheath experiences a subtropical highland climate with monthly average temperatures not falling below −3 °C (27 °F) and not exceeding 25 °C (77 °F). Blackheath's average annual precipitation is just over 1,000 millimetres (39 in).
|Climate data for Blackheath|
|Average high °C (°F)||23.8
|Average low °C (°F)||13.1
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Blackheath (Urban Centres and Localities)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "Blackheath (suburb)". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "Blackheath (town)". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- Reed, A. W (1973). Place Names of Australia (paperback ed.). Frenchs Forest, NSW: Reed Books. p. 34. ISBN 0-589-50128-3.
- Darwin, Charles (1913). "Chapter XIX: Australia". A Naturalist’s Voyage Round the World: The Voyage of the Beagle. University of Adelaide. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "Blackheath Pool". Friends of the Blackheath Pool and Memorial Park. 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "Govetts Leap". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- Paton, Neil (1987). Walks in the Blue Mountains National Park (paperback ed.). Kenthurst, NSW: Kangaroo Press. pp. 80–95. ISBN 0-86417-129-3.
- "The Campbell Rhododendron Gardens – Blackheath". The Blue Mountains Rhododendron Society of NSW Inc. 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "Blackheath". The Sydney Morning Herald. 15 August 2007. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "Dry conditions spur Blue Mountains blazes". ABC News. Australia. 16 November 2006. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "Crews struggle to contain Blue Mountains blaze". ABC News. Australia. 19 November 2006. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "Strong winds pose problems for NSW firefighters". ABC News. Australia. 22 November 2006. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "Blackheath (Wombat Street)". Monthly rainfall. Bureau of Meteorology. 24 June 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "Summary statistics for Mount Boyce AWS". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. 20 June 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- Rickwood, Peter C. (2005). Blackheath: today from yesterday : the history of a town in the Blue Mountains of New South Wales (ill., maps, ports ed.). Blackheath, NSW: WriteLight for the Rotary Club of Blackheath. p. 640. ISBN 0-9581934-5-2.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Blackheath.|