A view of houses in the village of Blackness
|Population||135  (2001 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|• Edinburgh||13.4 mi (21.6 km) SE|
|• London||341 mi (549 km) SSE|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Blackness is a small village and harbour at Blackness Bay, an inlet of the Firth of Forth in Scotland. It lies 3.4 miles (5.5 km) east-southeast of Bo'ness, 5.0 miles (8.0 km) west-northwest of South Queensferry and 3.8 miles (6.1 km) north-east of Linlithgow, within the council area of Falkirk. It was formerly part of the historic county of West Lothian.
The village originally served as a port for nearby Linlithgow, which was a principal residence of the Scottish monarchs from as early as the 12th century. James IV gave the village to one of his household servants, John Kirkwood, Master of the Larder, in January 1502.
As a port, Blackness was later superseded by Bo'ness, and fell into decline from the 17th century. Blackness Yacht Club currently use the village as a base for its sailing activities.
The small village is dominated by Blackness Castle, situated on a promontory overlooking the bay. The castle was both a residence and a prison before passing to Crown ownership in 1453. The castle is currently under the care of Historic Scotland and has been used as a setting for several films including Hamlet, and the BBC production of Ivanhoe. In addition to the castle and the boat club, the village contains a small variety shop and a pub restaurant. The old smithy has long since shut its doors, as has the dairy which once operated from the village.
- No 3 - 2001 Census Population of settlements and wards Archived 2011-06-03 at the Wayback Machine, www.falkirk.gov.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-17
- Register of the Privy Seal of Scotland, vol. 1 (Edinburgh, 1908), p. 112 no. 760.
- Scotland: the Movie Location Guide - Hamlet - Blackness Castle, www.scotlandthemovie.com.
- Visit Scotland - Blackness Castle Archived July 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, guide.visitscotland.com.
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