Blackpool Electric Tramway Company

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Blackpool Electric Tramway Company
Blackpool Electric Tramway Company No 4.jpg
Car No. 4 at the National Tramway Museum
Operation
LocaleBlackpool
Open29 September 1885
Close10 September 1892
StatusClosed
Infrastructure
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Propulsion system(s)Conduit electric
Depot(s)Blundell Street
Statistics
Route length1 mile (1.6 km)

Blackpool Electric Tramway Company operated a tramway service in Blackpool between 1885 and 1893.[1] It was the first electric tramway in England.

History[edit]

On 3 December 1884, Blackpool Corporation agreed to use Michael Holroyd Smith's conduit tramway and granted him a seven-year concession.

The Blackpool Electric Tramway Company was formed in January 1885, and set up with capital[2] of £30,000 (equivalent to £3,182,957 in 2018).[3] The first rail was laid in March and the first test runs were made on 29 June. The tramway was officially opened on 29 September 1885. The Chairman of the company was Alderman Richard Horsfall. The location caused many problems for the conduit system and the company employed horses to pull trams when the track was flooded.

With further extensions, the line ran from Cocker Street to Dean Street near South Pier[4] and from Manchester Square along Lytham Road.

The tramway was a financial success. In 1890 the profits of the year were £2,983 (equivalent to £322,469 in 2018),[3] out of which a dividend of 7 per cent was paid.

Closure[edit]

When the lease expired, the Corporation took over the tramway on 18 September 1893, and it continued as Blackpool Corporation Tramway. The Blackpool Electric Tramway Company was wound up.[5]

Car 4 survived and is preserved at the National Tramway Museum.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Golden Age of Tramways. Published by Taylor and Francis.
  2. ^ Railway times: Volume 48, Part 1. 1885
  3. ^ a b UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  4. ^ "Blackpool Trams". Fylde Tramway Society. 3 September 2004. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
  5. ^ Electrical review: Volume 31, 1893