Blackstone, Virginia

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Blackstone, Virginia
Downtown Blackstone, April, 2015
Downtown Blackstone, April, 2015
Location of Blackstone, Virginia
Location of Blackstone, Virginia
Coordinates: 37°4′36″N 78°0′5″W / 37.07667°N 78.00139°W / 37.07667; -78.00139Coordinates: 37°4′36″N 78°0′5″W / 37.07667°N 78.00139°W / 37.07667; -78.00139
CountryUnited States
StateVirginia
CountyNottoway
Government
 • TypeTown Council
 • MayorBilly Coleburn
Area
 • Total4.51 sq mi (11.69 km2)
 • Land4.50 sq mi (11.64 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation
453 ft (138 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total3,621
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
3,329
 • Density740.60/sq mi (285.96/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
23824
Area code(s)434
FIPS code51-07832[3]
GNIS feature ID1463528[4]
WebsiteOfficial website

Blackstone, formerly named Blacks and Whites, and then Bellefonte, is a town in Nottoway County in the U.S. state of Virginia.[5] The population was 3,621 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Court House and Blacks & Whites Area of Nottoway County, Virginia, 1864

The settlement was founded as the village of "Blacks and Whites", so named after two tavern keepers, before the Revolutionary War. It was renamed Bellefonte on May 11, 1875, and back to Blacks and Whites on August 4, 1882. On February 23, 1886, the town was incorporated with the name of Blackstone, in honor of the influential English jurist William Blackstone.[5]

The Blackstone Historic District, Butterwood Methodist Church and Butterwood Cemetery, Little Mountain Pictograph Site, Oakridge, and Schwartz Tavern are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[6]

The town, under its former name, was a stop on the Southside Railroad in the mid-nineteenth century. The railroad became the Atlantic, Mississippi and Ohio Railroad in 1870 and then a line in the Norfolk and Western Railway, now the Norfolk Southern Railway.[7] The town's grid street pattern was laid out in 1874, and the town incorporated in 1888. Its economy thrived as a location for dark-leaf tobacco sales and shipment through its railroad station.

Geography[edit]

Blackstone is located at 37°4′36″N 78°0′5″W / 37.07667°N 78.00139°W / 37.07667; -78.00139 (37.076661, −78.001302).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.6 square miles (11.8 km2), of which 4.5 square miles (11.7 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2) (0.44%) is water.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Blackstone, Virginia (Fort Pickett) 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1972–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 81
(27)
82
(28)
89
(32)
95
(35)
95
(35)
103
(39)
103
(39)
103
(39)
101
(38)
97
(36)
86
(30)
80
(27)
103
(39)
Average high °F (°C) 48.2
(9.0)
51.9
(11.1)
59.2
(15.1)
69.8
(21.0)
76.7
(24.8)
84.1
(28.9)
87.7
(30.9)
85.9
(29.9)
80.4
(26.9)
70.4
(21.3)
60.4
(15.8)
51.6
(10.9)
68.9
(20.5)
Daily mean °F (°C) 37.4
(3.0)
40.0
(4.4)
47.1
(8.4)
56.9
(13.8)
65.5
(18.6)
73.6
(23.1)
77.8
(25.4)
76.0
(24.4)
69.8
(21.0)
58.5
(14.7)
48.1
(8.9)
40.6
(4.8)
57.6
(14.2)
Average low °F (°C) 26.5
(−3.1)
28.2
(−2.1)
35.0
(1.7)
44.1
(6.7)
54.4
(12.4)
63.1
(17.3)
67.8
(19.9)
66.1
(18.9)
59.3
(15.2)
46.5
(8.1)
35.8
(2.1)
29.7
(−1.3)
46.4
(8.0)
Record low °F (°C) −13
(−25)
−9
(−23)
6
(−14)
11
(−12)
29
(−2)
37
(3)
41
(5)
41
(5)
35
(2)
22
(−6)
8
(−13)
−1
(−18)
−13
(−25)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.74
(95)
2.86
(73)
4.12
(105)
3.69
(94)
4.35
(110)
4.28
(109)
4.43
(113)
4.20
(107)
4.39
(112)
3.90
(99)
3.13
(80)
3.75
(95)
46.84
(1,190)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.5
(3.8)
0.6
(1.5)
0.4
(1.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.8
(2.0)
3.3
(8.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.1 8.1 9.2 8.8 10.4 9.0 9.5 8.5 7.9 7.6 7.8 9.4 105.3
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.7 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 1.7
Source: NOAA[9][10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890580
19005850.9%
19101,486154.0%
19201,4970.7%
19301,77218.4%
19402,69952.3%
19503,53631.0%
19603,6593.5%
19703,412−6.8%
19803,6246.2%
19903,497−3.5%
20003,6755.1%
20103,621−1.5%
2019 (est.)3,329[2]−8.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

According to the census[3] of 2000, there were 3,675 people, 1,430 households, and 886 families residing in the town. The population density was 811.8 people per square mile (313.2/km2). There were 1,581 housing units, at an average density of 349.2 per square mile (134.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 50.23% White, 46.39% African American, 0.03% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 1.88% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.39% of the population.

There were 1,430 households, out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.7% were married couples living together, 18.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.0% were non-families. 33.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.06.

The median age was 40 years, with 24.3% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 21.3% who were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females, there were 81.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.5 males.

The median household income was $27,566, and the median family income was $41,520. Males had a median income of $26,419 versus $17,905 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,562. About 20.2% of families and 26.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.5% of those under age 18 and 31.7% of those age 65 or over.

Infrastructure and attractions[edit]

Nearby Fort Pickett (then Camp Pickett) was established by the U.S. Army in 1941 and was a very large training center during World War II. It was closed by the BRAC Commission in the 1990s, and the facility is now the headquarters for the Virginia National Guard. In May 2014 the U.S. Department of State selected Fort Pickett as the site of their Foreign Affairs Security Training Center, which will train 8,000 to 10,000 students a year, many of them diplomats. Details of the Center's construction are still being worked out. After the fall of Kabul during September 2021, the federal government temporarily housed 5,900 Afghan refugees at the facility.[12]

The 2-year Blackstone Female Institute / Blackstone College for Girls also operated in Blackstone for many years. The buildings and grounds were later used as the Virginia United Methodist Assembly Center (VUMAC), drawing 19,000 visitors a year before closing in 2016. The Blackstone shopping district (including a Wal-Mart, an outpatient medical center, and a livestock market) attracts customers from a large three-county rural area. The town recently received a Main Street designation from the state, and a $1 million downtown revitalization project started in 2008. In 2009 the town opened the $4 million James Harris medical center. The Town of Blackstone also has a regional bus terminal that serves 11 counties. The oldest building in town is Schwartz Tavern, built in stages from 1790 to 1840, now used as a museum. Bevell's Hardware, a local business, displays a giant 58' by 20' (17.7 by 6.1 meter) model railroad layout that attracts thousands of visitors each year from Thanksgiving weekend through mid-January. The Robert Thomas Carriage Museum, containing 28 restored antique carriages, sleighs, and buggies, was also opened in 2007.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ a b "Home: Town of Blackstone". Town of Blackstone, Virginia. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
  6. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  7. ^ Bright, David L. (2015). "Confederate Railroads - South Side". Confederate Railroads. Retrieved 2018-01-25.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
  10. ^ "Station: FT Pickett, VA". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ Meagan Flynn. (25 September 2021). "Thousands of Afghans arrived near a small Virginia town: exposing two different Americas". Greenwich Time website Retrieved 25 September 2021.

External links[edit]