Sydney, New South Wales
Westpoint shopping centre, Blacktown
|Population||43,374 (2011 census)|
|Location||34 km (21 mi) west of Sydney CBD|
|LGA(s)||City of Blacktown|
Blacktown is a suburb in the City of Blacktown, in Greater Western Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Blacktown is located 34 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district and is the administrative centre of the local government area of City of Blacktown and the federal division of Chifley, Greenway and McMahon. Blacktown is the largest of any suburb or township in New South Wales and is one of the most multicultural places in Sydney.
Prior to the arrival of the First Fleet in 1788, the area of today's Blacktown was inhabited by different groups of the Darug people including the Warmuli, based around what is now Prospect, and their neighbours the Gomerigal from the South Creek area and the Wawarawarry from the Eastern Creek area. It is estimated that fifty to ninety percent of the Darug died of smallpox and other introduced diseases within a few years of the British arrival. Governor Arthur Phillip began granting land in the area to white settlers in 1791. [clarification needed] In 1819 when Governor Lachlan Macquarie granted land to two indigenous men, Colebee and Nurragingy as payment their service to The Crown, for showing the passage over the Blue Mountains and for assisting in dealing with Aboriginal issues
A few years later in 1823, the Native Institution (a school for Aboriginal children) was moved from Parramatta to the site where Richmond Road meets Rooty Hill Road North (this intersection is now in the suburbs of Oakhurst and Dean Park) which was named "The Blacks Town". The institution was then known as Black Town Native Institute and it was synonymous with the stolen generation. Although the institution closed in 1833, the road heading out to the internment camp became known as the Black Town Road. In 1860 the Railway Department gave the name of Black Town Road Station to the railway station at the junction of the railway and the Black Town Road, with the name shortening to Blacktown by 1862.
The arrival of the railway led to the formation of a town around the station. A post office was opened in 1862 and a school in 1877. In 1906, the Shire of Blacktown was formed and in 1930, electricity was introduced to the town. The population in 1933 was then around 13,000. In the 1950s and 60s, there was a large amount of suburban development both in the current suburb of Blacktown and the new suburbs that sprung up around it. This led to civic development in the town centre with the hospital opening in 1965, the courthouse and police station in 1966, the library in 1967 and the TAFE college in 1969. In 1973, the Westpoint shopping centre opened which was soon followed by the cinema complex.
The Blacktown Commercial Business District is located close to Blacktown railway station. Westpoint Blacktown is a major shopping centre and there are a number of small shops, restaurants and hotels in the surrounding area. Westpoint also houses a western suburb television studio of the Nine Network. The Blacktown CBD features the following landmarks:
- Blacktown City Council corporate head office
- Blacktown Courthouse
- Blacktown Hospital
- Blacktown Workers Club
- Max Webber Library – Blacktown City Council's newly completed central library
- Patrician Brothers' College Blacktown
- Nagle College Blacktown
According to the 2006 census, the most common way of getting to work from Blacktown was by car (74%) with public transport used by just under twenty percent. Most public transport was done by train (17%) with five percent catching buses for all or part of their journey. Blacktown railway station is on the North Shore, Northern & Western Line of the Sydney Trains network. A major bus interchange is located next to the station and an underground bus station is at the entrance to Westpoint. Blacktown is a terminus of the North-West T-way.
Busways provides late and crowded services Northern areas: (Rouse Hill, Castle Hill, Kellyville, Glenwood and Stanhope Gardens), West areas: (Mount Druitt, Plumpton, Oakhurst, Quakers Hill, Dean Park, Woodcroft) and South districts (Prospect, Arndell Park, Huntingwood, Tallawong, Doonside, Blacktown Hospital), whilst Hillsbus provides services: Eastern services (Macquarie Park, Seven Hills, Parramatta, Kings Langley) of Blacktown.
The first school, a single-storey brick building with gables, was opened in 1877. While no longer in use as a school, the building in Flushcombe Road is now used as a Visitor Information Centre. It is the oldest remaining building in the Blacktown CBD and is heritage-listed.
There is a large number of schools in the suburb. Government-run primary schools in the area include: Blacktown North Public School, Blacktown South Public School, Blacktown West Public School, Lynwood Park Public School, Marayong South Public School, Shelley Public School, and Walters Road Public School. Public high schools include: Blacktown Boys High School, Blacktown Girls High School, Evans High School and Mitchell High School. There is also the Coreen School, which caters to older children with learning difficulties.
There are two Catholic primary schools, St Michaels Primary School and St Patricks Primary School, and two Catholic high schools, Nagle College for girls and Patrician Brothers' College Blacktown for boys. Tyndale Christian School is a private school covering children from kindergarten to year 12.
Blacktown Arts Centre
Blacktown Arts Centre is located at 78 Flushcombe Road on the highest point of land in the Blacktown CBD.
Originally built in the 1950s as an Anglican church, the building was deconsecrated in 1999. Originally acquired by Blacktown Council as a site for a car park, the Council in partnership with Arts NSW subsequently refurbished the building as a multi-arts centre.
The centre opened to the public in October 2002. In 2006 the centre underwent a multimillion-dollar refit and extension. The building reopened in April 2007 with facilities for performance, extended visual art galleries, workshop space and enhanced administrative areas.
Sport and recreation
- Blacktown Stadium part of Blacktown Olympic park – capacity 10,000
- Fairfax Community Stadium (Used by NSWPL team Blacktown City Demons) – 7,500 capacity (1,200 seated)
- Blacktown Baseball Stadium (Baseball) 5,000 capacity (1,200 seated)
- Blacktown Softball Stadium (Softball) 5,000 capacity (1,100 seated)
- Blacktown Showground (festivals and cultural events/activities)
- Blacktown Aquatic Center
- Alpha Park
- Blacktown Olympic Park 
According to the 2011 census, there were 43,374 residents in the suburb of Blacktown. In Blacktown, 50.2% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were India 8.9%, Philippines 4.8% and China (excludes SARs) 2.3%. Other languages spoken at home included Arabic 5.0%, Hindi 4.5%, Punjabi 4.4%, Tagalog 3.0% and Mandarin 1.9%. The most common responses for religion in Blacktown were Catholic 30.1%, Anglican 12.5%, No Religion 10.5%, Hinduism 8.3% and Islam 7.4%. 
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (September 2012)|
- Kurtley Beale, rugby union player for the Melbourne Rebels
- Charles Casuscelli RFD MP, Member for Strathfield NSW Parliament was raised here.
- Toni Collette, actress,
- Ben Creagh, rugby league, player for the St. George Illawarra Dragons
- Damian Cudlin, a professional motorcycle racer, was born here
- Brett Delaney, rugby league player for the Gold Coast Titans was born and raised here.
- Joel Edgerton, actor
- Andrew Fifita, rugby league player for the Cronulla-Sutherland Sharks.
- Bob Brown, a former Greens Australian Senator, was raised here.
- Danny Galea, Professional Rugby League player, lived and went to school here.
- Matt Geyer, rugby league player for the Melbourne Storm.
- Wade Graham, rugby league player for the Cronulla Sharks was born here.
- Michael Jennings, rugby league footballer for the Sydney Roosters.
- Jarrod Sammut, Rugby league player
- Feleti Mateo, rugby league player for New Zealand Warriors,was born and raised here.
- Jerome Park, AFL player Sydney Swans 13 games 2009 and 2010 now lives here.
- Frank Lowy, after leaving Israel in 1952, Australia's leading philanthropist began his new life in Australia delivering smallgoods from his store on Flushcombe Rd, Blacktown before beginning his Westfields empire with John Saunders via development of a shopping centre in Patrick St, Blacktown
- Will Skelton, rugby union player for the NSW Waratahs
- Northlane, a metalcore band formed in 2009.
- Thy Art Is Murder, a deathcore band formed in 2006.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Blacktown (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- "Important dates". Blacktown City Council. Retrieved 2008-05-16.
- "Aborigines". Blacktown City Council. Retrieved 2008-05-16.
- "PLACE NAMES.". The Australian Women's Weekly (National Library of Australia). 13 May 1964. p. 61. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
- "Lowy’s Big Night". Blacktown Advocate (News Community Media). 11 February 2009. pp. Wrapround.
- "2006 Census Community Profile Series : Blacktown (State Suburb)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2008-07-29.
- State Heritage Register
- "Blacktown Visitor Information & Heritage Centre". Blacktown City Council. Retrieved 2008-05-15.
- "Coreen School". NSW Department of Education & Training. Retrieved 2008-05-15.
- "Nagle College". Nagle College. Retrieved 2008-05-15.
- "Patrician Brothers Blacktown". Patrician Brothers Blacktown. Retrieved 2008-05-15.
- "Tyndale Christian School". Tyndale Christian School. Retrieved 2008-05-15.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Blacktown, New South Wales.|
- Historic Sites of Blacktown
- Blacktown and District Historical Society
- SYDNEY.com – Blacktown
- Jack Brook, Heidi Norman. "Blacktown Native Institute site". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 25 September 2015. [CC-By-SA]
- Jack Brook (2008). "Lock, Maria [Aboriginal woman who became a landowner]". Dictionary of Sydney. Dictionary of Sydney Trust. Retrieved 10 October 2015. [CC-By-SA]