Blaenau Gwent

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For the Westminster constituency, see Blaenau Gwent (UK Parliament constituency). For the Assembly constituency of Wales, see Blaenau Gwent (Assembly constituency).
Blaenau Gwent County Borough
Bwrdeistref Sirol Blaenau Gwent
county borough
Location of Blaenau Gwent County Borough
Admin HQ Ebbw Vale
 • Type Arms of Blaenau Gwent Borough Council
Blaenau Gwent Council
 • Control Labour
 • MP Nick Smith (Welsh Labour)
 • AM Alun Davies (Welsh Labour)
 • Total 109 km2 (42 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 22nd
Population (2011)
 • Total 69,800
 • Rank Ranked 20th
 • Density 628/km2 (1,630/sq mi)
 • Density rank Ranked 4th
 • Ethnicity 99.1% White
Welsh language
 • Rank Ranked 21st of 22
 • Any skills 13.3%
Geocode 00PL (ONS)
W06000019 (GSS)
ISO 3166 code GB-BGW

Blaenau Gwent (pronounced /ˌbln ˈɡwɛnt/, Welsh: [ˈbləɨ.naɨ]) is a county borough in South Wales, sharing its name with a parliamentary constituency. It borders the unitary authority areas of Monmouthshire and Torfaen to the east, Caerphilly to the west and Powys to the north. Its main towns are Abertillery, Brynmawr, Ebbw Vale and Tredegar. Its highest point is Coity Mountain at 578 metres (1,896 ft).


The borough was formed in 1974 as a local government district of Gwent. It was a merger of the Monmouthshire urban districts of Abertillery, Ebbw Vale, Nantyglo and Blaina and Tredegar, along with Brynmawr urban district and the parish of Llanelly in Brecknockshire.

It was reconstituted in 1996 as a county borough, excluding Llanelly which instead was transferred to the reconstituted Monmouthshire. The area is now governed by Blaenau Gwent County Borough Council.


Blaenau Gwent hit the headlines at the 2005 UK General Election when an independent candidate, Peter Law, won the Westminster seat. He had resigned from the Labour Party after an internal party row following the retirement of incumbent MP Llew Smith, and defeated the official Labour candidate, Maggie Jones, by a margin of 9,121 votes. The seat had previously been held by Aneurin Bevan and Michael Foot, and was considered one of Labour's safest. Law died on 25 April 2006 and in the by-election, a former supporter of his, Dai Davies won, running as an independent candidate. Peter Law's widow, Trish Law, won his former Welsh Assembly seat, also running as an independent candidate. In 2007 she retained her seat. Dai Davies held the Westminster seat for the People's Voice from 2006 - 2010 when he lost his seat in a huge majority to Labour's Nick Smith of 10,516 votes. Alun Davies recaptured the seat for Labour at the Assembly elections in 2011 and then Labour won a landslide victory in the 2012 local elections taking 33 seats out of 42.

Other information[edit]

Blaenau Gwent has the highest level of severe child poverty in Wales, as revealed by statistical data according to a report by Save the Children.

According to the 2011 Census, 5,284 residents of the county (or 7.8%) can speak Welsh, in comparison with 6,417 speakers (or 9.5%) speakers in 2001.[1]


External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°46′33″N 3°11′47″W / 51.77583°N 3.19639°W / 51.77583; -3.19639