Blaenau Gwent (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Blaenau Gwent in Wales.
|Population||69,814 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||53,791 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Ebbw Vale, Abertillery, Brynmawr, Tredegar|
|Member of parliament||Nick Smith (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Abertillery, Brecon and Radnor and Ebbw Vale|
|Welsh Assembly||South Wales East|
|European Parliament constituency||Wales|
Blaenau Gwent is a county constituency in South Wales, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. The current MP is Nick Smith of the Labour Party.
Blaenau Gwent is often referred to as Aneurin Bevan's old constituency. However, the constituency was created in 1983, twenty-three years after Bevan's death, from the upper part of the former Abertillery constituency, the town of Brynmawr from the Brecon and Radcor constituency, and Bevan's old Ebbw Vale seat with the exception of the area of the Rhymney Community (formerly Rhymney Urban District). The then Labour party leader Michael Foot, who had won Ebbw Vale in the by-election following Bevan's death, was the seat's first MP.
Until 2005, the constituency was considered one of the safest Labour seats in the country. In the 1983 and 1992 general elections, it was Labour's safest seat. The Conservative Party and Liberal Democrats have both been very weak in the seat. Neither has won 10% of the vote since 1987 and the Conservatives have never achieved one eighth of the total votes cast. In 2005 the Liberal Democrats received their lowest share of the vote in the United Kingdom and the Conservatives their second lowest, and both lost their deposits, though this particular election saw unusual circumstances.
The seat came to prominence at the 2005 general election when the Labour Welsh Assembly Member Peter Law ran as an independent and won the seat. He had resigned from the Labour Party in protest at the imposition of an all-women candidates' shortlist following the retirement of incumbent MP Llew Smith, and overturned a 19,313 (60%) Labour majority with a significant 9,121 (25%) majority. In 2006 the Labour Party decided not to require an all-women shortlist at the next general election.
Law died of a brain tumour on 25 April 2006, prompting a by-election in the seat on 29 June. Labour failed to regain the seat as Law's former campaign manager, Dai Davies, was elected to replace him, beating Owen Smith, the Labour candidate who later became MP for Aberavon.
In the 2010 general election, Labour candidate Nick Smith gained the seat with a 29.2% swing from Independent back to Labour; it became one of only three seats Labour gained in that election. The seat was still notable as one of the few where an Independent candidate kept their deposit or pushed one of the main parties into fourth place.
Members of Parliament
|2006 by-election||Dai Davies||Blaenau Gwent People's Voice|
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2015: Blaenau Gwent |
|UKIP||Susan Boucher ||5,677||17.9||+16.4|
|Conservative||Tracey Michelle West ||3,419||10.8||+3.8|
|Plaid Cymru||Steffan Lewis||2,849||9.0||+4.9|
|Green||Mark Robert Pond||738||2.3||New|
|Liberal Democrat||Samuel Ellis Rees||620||2.0||−8.2|
|General Election 2010: Blaenau Gwent|
|Blaenau Gwent PV||Dai Davies||6,458||19.9||−38.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Matt Smith||3,285||10.1||+5.9|
|Plaid Cymru||Rhodri Davies||1,333||4.1||−2.4|
|Socialist Labour||Alyson O'Connell||381||1.2||+1.2|
|Labour gain from Blaenau Gwent PV||Swing||+29.2|
Elections in the 2000s
|Blaenau Gwent by-election, 2006|
|Plaid Cymru||Steffan Lewis||1,755||6.5||+4.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Amy Kitcher||1,477||5.4||+1.1|
|Monster Raving Loony||Alan "Howling Laud" Hope||318||1.2||N/A|
|General Election 2005: Blaenau Gwent|
|Labour||Margaret Beryl Jones||11,384||32.3||−39.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Brian Thomas||1,511||4.3||−5.0|
|Plaid Cymru||John Price||843||2.4||−8.8|
|Conservative||Dr Phillip James Lee||816||2.4||−5.2|
|Independent gain from Labour||Swing|
|General Election 2001: Blaenau Gwent|
|Plaid Cymru||Adam John Rykala||3,542||11.2||+5.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Charles Edward Townsend||2,945||9.3||+0.6|
|Conservative||Huw Benedict Williams||2,383||7.5||+0.9|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Blaenau Gwent|
|Liberal Democrat||Geraldine Layton||3,458||8.7||+2.3|
|Conservative||Margrit A. Williams||2,607||6.6||−3.2|
|Plaid Cymru||Jim B. Criddle||2,072||5.2||+0.4|
|General Election 1992: Blaenau Gwent|
|Liberal Democrat||Alistair Burns||2,774||6.4||−2.5|
|Plaid Cymru (Green)||Thomas Alun Rhys Davies||2,099||4.8||+1.1|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Blaenau Gwent|
|Conservative||Andrew Robert Taylor||4,959||11.5||+0.3|
|Liberal||David Ian McBride||3,847||8.9||−6.2|
|Plaid Cymru||Stephen Morgan||1,621||3.7||+0.0|
|General Election 1983: Blaenau Gwent|
|Liberal||Gareth Martin Atkinson||6,488||15.1||N/A|
|Conservative||Talmai Phillip Morgan||4,816||11.2||N/A|
|Plaid Cymru||Stephen Morgan||1,624||3.7||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Blaenau Gwent: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "Beyond 20/20 WDS - Table view". 2011 Electorate Figures. StatsWales. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "'Blaenau Gwent', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Blaenau Gwent result". Blaenau Gwent Parliamentary Constituency Election 2015. Blaenau Gwent County Borough Council. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
- total electorate 51,335 email from Blaenau Gwent County Borough Council 24Aug15
- https://www.ukipWales.org.uk/OurTeam/Prospective_Parliamentary_Candidates/Boucher Susan.aspx
- Blaenau Gwent Notice of Poll: Blaenau Gwent
- "Election 2010: Blaenau Gwent". BBC. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- Dai Davies, Peter Law's former agent, stood as an independent with the support of the Blaenau Gwent People's Voice Group.
- "Election 2005, Result: Blaenau Gwent". BBC. 6 May 2005. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- nomis Constituency Profile for Blaenau Gwent presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.
- Election results, 1997 - 2001 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997 - 2001 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1983 - 1992 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1992 - 2005 (Guardian)
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Cardiff South East
|Constituency represented by the Leader of the Opposition