Blanche Ames Ames
|Blanche Ames Ames|
February 18, 1878
|Died||March 2, 1969
North Easton, Massachusetts
|Cause of death||Stroke|
|Spouse(s)||Oakes Ames (botanist)|
Adelbert Ames, fatherBlanche Butler Ames, mother
Born Blanche Ames in Lowell, Massachusetts, Ames was the daughter of Civil War General and Mississippi Governor Adelbert Ames and Blanche Butler Ames. She was the sister of Adelbert Ames Jr., a prominent scientist.
Ames attended the Rogers Hall School in Lowell. She was later one of few women of her time to attend college, earning a B.A. in Art History and a diploma in Studio Art from Smith College in 1899. She was the president of her graduating class.
In 1900 she married Harvard University botany professor Oakes Ames (no relation) and took the married name Blanche Ames Ames. The Ameses had four children: Pauline (born 1901), Oliver (born 1903), Amyas (born 1906), and Evelyn (born 1910). Pauline grew up to write many books about her family, including "Oakes Ames, Jottings of a Harvard Botanist" (1979), and "The Plimpton Papers, Law and Diplomacy" (1985). One of Ames' grandchildren was George Ames Plimpton, famed sportswriter.
As an Artist
In 1902, she began illustrating Oakes Ames's botanical publications, including his seven volume treatise on orchids, which is still considered one of the best researched to this day. She first used watercolors for the orchid illustrations, but later switched to copperplate etching. She also published detailed pen and ink drawings of the orchids.
Women's Rights Work
Ames held a lifelong passion for women's rights. From 1915 to 1918 she was Treasurer of the Massachusetts Woman Suffrage League. In 1916 she helped found the Birth Control League of Massachusetts, an affiliate of Margaret Sanger's group, and served as first President. In this role Ames helped to form The Doctors Bill to Clarify the Law, which regulated the ability of doctors to provide birth control counseling to married women with health problems, and later helped establish universal access to birth control. Ames also served as a board member and later as President of the New England Hospital for Women and Children in Boston.
Ames held patients for inventions which included a hexagonal lumber cutter and a method for entrapping enemy aircraft.
The Ames Color System
In the early 1910s Ames' brother, Adelbert Ames, Jr., a scientist particularly interested in vision, moved into her studio for painting lessons. With her brother's influence Ames began the development a color notation system more extensive than the Munsell color system. Together the two created coded color swatches which corresponded to particular tubes of paint. The artist would use these swatches to select the most realistic colors and the codes would be mapped out on a drawing before the paint was applied.
- My Dear Mrs. Ames: A Study of the Life of Suffragist, Cartoonist and Birth Control Reformer, Blanche Ames Ames, 1878-1969 by Anne Biller Clark (1996)
- Sheppard, Alice (1994). Cartooning for Suffrage. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. ISBN 0826314589.
- Mass. Dept. of Conservation and Recreation, "Blanche Ames Ames" (last visited 2010/05/04.
- Summary, Ames Family Papers, 1812-2008, Sophia Smith Collection, Five College Archives and Manuscript Collections.
- "Blanche Ames Ames". Mass.gov. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- Behrens, Roy R. (1998). "The Artistic and Scientific Collaberations of Blanche Ames Ames and Adelbert Ames II". Leonardo (MIT Press) 31 (1): 47–54. doi:10.2307/1576548. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- Thomas, Robert McG. Jr. (17 April 1995). "Pauline A. Plimpton, 93, Author of Works on Famed Relatives". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
- "Borderland State Park". Mass.gov. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
- "Blanche Ames". Unitarian Universalist Congregation of Frederick. 4 September 2010. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- "Selected articles from Imposing Evidence: Gems from the Stacks (December 2004)". Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College Libraries. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
- Ames Family Papers, 1812–2008, Sophia Smith Collection, Five College Archives and Manuscript Collections
- Papers, 1860–1961: A Finding Aid. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University.
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