Blanche Ames Ames
Blanche Ames Ames
Blanche Ames, ca. 1895
February 18, 1878
|Died||March 2, 1969 (aged 91)|
|Occupation||Artist, political activist, inventor, writer|
|Spouse(s)||Oakes Ames (botanist)|
Born Blanche Ames in Lowell, Massachusetts, Ames was the daughter of Civil War General and Mississippi Governor Adelbert Ames and Blanche Butler Ames. The fourth of six children, she was the sister of Adelbert Ames Jr., a prominent scientist. She was also granddaughter to Civil War General and Massachusetts Governor Benjamin Butler and actress Sarah Hildreth Butler.
Ames attended the Rogers Hall School in Lowell. She was later one of few women of her time to attend college, earning a B.A. in Art History and a diploma in Studio Art from Smith College in 1899. She was the president of her graduating class.
In 1900 she married Harvard University botany professor Oakes Ames (no relation) and took the married name Blanche Ames Ames. The Ameses had four children: Pauline (born 1901), Oliver (born 1903), Amyas (born 1906), and Evelyn (born 1910). Pauline grew up to write many books about her family, including "Oakes Ames, Jottings of a Harvard Botanist" (1979), and "The Plimpton Papers, Law and Diplomacy" (1985). One of Ames' grandchildren was George Ames Plimpton, famed sportswriter.
As an artist
Though introduced to art through her mother Blanche Ames’s lifelong interest in painting, Blanche Ames Ames first became seriously interested in practicing art as a college student. Praised by her professors and classmates, she began to envision her life as an artist. Through her persistence, and with the encouragement her husband Oakes (who gifted her with an extravagant set of books on famous artists while courting her) this vision became reality.
Beyond the knowledge of art history she gained at Smith, Ames was well aware of artists of her own time. In Boston, she sat for a portrait by prominent American Impressionist Edmund C. Tarbell in 1906. She attended the armory show of modern art in New York City in 1913. Though not a part of the circle of women producing suffrage cartoons in New York, who were connected through Heterodoxy and other organizations, she kept close watch on their work and other efforts toward suffrage in both England and America, hiring a newspaper clipping service to save suffrage news from 1915 to 1916.
In 1902, she began illustrating Oakes Ames's botanical publications, including his seven volume treatise on orchids, which is still considered one of the best researched to this day. Previously he had illustrated the orchids himself with watercolor. Blanche Ames Ames first used watercolors for the orchid illustrations, but later switched to copperplate etching. She also published detailed pen and ink drawings of the orchids. The illustrations were drawn from dried plant specimens observed through a camera lucida. Blanche Ames Ames continued to illustrate orchids throughout their life together, eventually designing the decorations which now appear at both of their graves.
During the 1910s Blanche Ames Ames produced a number of political cartoons promoting women’s suffrage, which appeared in publications including Woman’s Journal, and the Boston American. In 1915 she became the art editor of Woman’s Journal, which had relocated its headquarters from New York to nearby Boston three years prior.
Women's Rights Work
Ames held a lifelong passion for women's rights. In 1915, when Massachusetts voters would decide whether to allow women the right to vote, Blanche attended 40 events throughout the commonwealth to spread the word of female equality. She was president of the Easton Woman Suffrage League and from 1915 to 1918 she was Treasurer of the Massachusetts Woman Suffrage League. In 1916 she helped found the Birth Control League of Massachusetts, an affiliate of Margaret Sanger's group, the American Birth Control League, and served as first President. In this role Ames helped to form The Doctors Bill to Clarify the Law, which regulated the ability of doctors to provide birth control counseling to married women with health problems, and later helped establish universal access to birth control. Massachusetts did not legalize contraception for married women until 1966, the last state in the nation to do so, and Ames set the standard for perseverance in the decades-long effort.
In 1941 Ames also served as a board member and later as President of the New England Hospital for Women and Children in Boston. NEH was managed by women serving purposely only women and children. They intended to give medical care services to the same sex . In 1952 because of financial circumstances they opened up to the possibility of employing male staff. Ames fought to keep the hospital as only female staff and administration through funding methods.
Ames held patents for inventions which included a hexagonal lumber cutter and a method for entrapping enemy aircraft.
During World War II, Ames came across the realization that thread could snarl and jam a sewing machine motor, Blanche then used that same principle to design a device to ensnare low-flying aircraft. The machine was demonstrated on the lawn at Borderland for guests from the Pentagon. Although it was accepted by the U.S. Army, it came too late for it to be applied in war.
The Ames Color System
In the early 1910s Ames' brother, Adelbert Ames, Jr., a scientist particularly interested in vision, moved into her studio for painting lessons. With her brother Ames began to develop a color notation system more extensive than the Munsell color system. Together the two created coded color swatches which corresponded to particular tubes of paint. The artist would use these swatches to select the most realistic colors and the codes would be mapped out on a drawing before the paint was applied. Blanche Ames Ames first put this system to use in a painting in 1912. She continued to use this color notation after her collaboration with her brother had concluded.
- Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation. "Ames Family History". Borderlands Park. Retrieved 2016-05-29.
- Clark, Anne Biller (1994). My Dear Mrs. Ames: A Study of the Life of Cartoonist and Birth Control Reformer, Blanche Ames Ames, 1878-1969. University of Massachusetts Amherst.
- Summary, Ames Family Papers, 1812-2008, Sophia Smith Collection, Five College Archives and Manuscript Collections.
- "Blanche Ames Ames". Mass.gov. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- Behrens, Roy R. (1998). "The Artistic and Scientific Collaboration of Blanche Ames Ames and Adelbert Ames II". Leonardo. MIT Press. 31 (1): 47–54. doi:10.2307/1576548. JSTOR 1576548.
- Mass. Dept. of Conservation and Recreation, "Blanche Ames Ames" (last visited 2010/05/04.
- Thomas, Robert McG. Jr. (17 April 1995). "Pauline A. Plimpton, 93, Author of Works on Famed Relatives". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
- "Borderland State Park". Mass.gov. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
- "Blanche Ames". Unitarian Universalist Congregation of Frederick. 4 September 2010. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- Sheppard, Alice (1994). Cartooning for Suffrage. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. ISBN 0826314589.
- Ames, Oakes (1905). Orchidaceae: Illustrations and Studies of the Family Orchidaceae. Cambridge: Houghton, Mifflin and Company.
- "Discovering Blanche Ames". Retrieved 2016-10-05.
- "Selected articles from Imposing Evidence: Gems from the Stacks (December 2004)". Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College Libraries. Archived from the original on 12 November 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
- "Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College: Newsletter Articles: Blanche Ames Ames". www.smith.edu. Archived from the original on 2016-10-01. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
- "Blanche Ames Ames: Artist & Women's Rights Activist, 1878-1969". 2012-07-29. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
- DCR (2013-04-05). "Blanche Ames Ames". Energy and Environmental Affairs. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
- Ames Family Papers at Smith College
- Papers, 1860–1961: A Finding Aid. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University.
- Suffrage cartoons by Blanche Ames Ames, Social Welfare History Image Portal, Virginia Commonwealth University Libraries
- "Blanche Ames". Lemelson-MIT. Retrieved March 22, 2019.
- Van Voris, Jacqueline (February 2000). Ames, Blanche Ames (18 February 1878–01 March 1969), artist and women's rights activist. American National Biography.