Blanche Hoschedé Monet

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Claude Monet, In the Woods at Giverny: Blanche Hoschedé at Her Easel with Suzanne Hoschedé Reading, 1887, Los Angeles County Museum of Art[1]

Blanche Hoschedé Monet (1865-1947) is a French painter who was both the stepdaughter and the daughter-in-law of Claude Monet. She was born in Paris on November 10, 1865 and died in Nice on December 8, 1947.

Early life[edit]

The Monet and Hoschedé families c. 1880 from left to right: Claude Monet, Alice Monet, Jean-Pierre Hoschedé, Jacques Hoschedé, Blanche Hoschedé, Jean Monet, Michel Monet, Martha Hoschedé, Germaine Hoschedé, Suzanne Hoschedé

Ernest and Alice Hoschedé[edit]

Blanche Hoschedé was the second daughter of Ernest Hoschedé and Alice Hoschedé.[2] Ernest was a businessman, a department store magnate in Paris. He collected impressionist paintings[3] and was an important patron to Claude Monet early in his career.[4] In 1876, he commissioned Claude Monet to paint decorative panels in the round drawing room, in his residence, the château de Rottembourg,[5] in Montgeron. In 1877, Ernest Hoschedé went bankrupt and his art collection was auctioned off.[6]

Life with the Monets[edit]

La Risle à Beaumont-le-Roger, by Blanche Hoschedé-Monet, circa 1911.

Ernest Hoschedé, Alice, and their six children moved into a house in Vétheuil with Monet, his wife Camille, and their two sons, Jean and the infant Michel. Ernest, however, spent most of his time in Paris, and eventually went to Belgium. After the death of Camille in Vétheuil on 5 September 1879, Alice and her children continued living with Monet. In 1881, they moved to Poissy, and finally settled in Giverny in 1883. Although Ernest & Alice Hoschedé never divorced, Claude Monet and Alice went on living together until after the death of Ernest in 1891. Claude Monet and Alice Hoschedé got married on 16 July 1892.[7][8]

Education[edit]

Blanche Hoschedé Monet, House and Garden of Claude Monet

The only child in the Hoschedé-Monet household to become interested in art,[9] Blanche began painting at the age of eleven and developed a fond relationship with Claude Monet. She visited his studio as well as Édouard Manet's. By the time she was 17 years old, she was Monet's assistant and only student, often painting en plein air alongside him, painting the same subject with the same colors.[2]

Blanche also painted alongside American expatriates Theodore Earl Butler and John Leslie Breck. Monet stopped the romance that had developed between Blanche and Breck, while he allowed Butler to marry Blanche’s sister, Suzanne Hoschedé, in 1892.[2]

The art dealer Paul Durand-Ruel purchased a Haystack painting by Blanche, and it currently is displayed in Monet’s house in Giverny.[10] In January 1888, while in Antibes, Monet encouraged Blanche to submit a work to the Salon.

Jean and Claude Monet[edit]

Blanche married Claude Monet’s eldest son, Jean Monet, in 1897. The couple lived in Rouen, where Jean worked as a chemist for his uncle Léon Monet,[11] and until 1913 in Beaumont-le-Roger.[2]

Her mother, Alice, died on 19 May 1911, and Jean on 10 February 1914, after a long illness.[12][nb 1] Overcome with grief, Claude Monet suffered from depression and, from that point on, Blanche took over her father-in-law's household. She watched over him as his eyesight was failing him to the point he believed he was going blind. Georges Clemenceau, their common friend, called her Monet's "Blue Angel".[2][14] After Monet's death on 5 December 1926, and for twenty years until her own in 1947, she took on the responsibility of the house and gardens at Giverny.[9]

Career[edit]

Blanche Hoschedé Monet, Grainstack or Haystack, 1889

Most of Blanche's works were done in Giverny from 1883 to 1897, which was similar to that of Monet's work, and around Rouen. She "adopted an almost pure form of impressionism."[2]

She painted landscapes with trees such as pines and poplars, and meadows along the Risle river. In the 1920s, she also painted on several occasions at Georges Clemenceau's property in Saint-Vincent-sur-Jard (Vendée department) in the west of France - paintings of the garden, house and the Atlantic Ocean.[2] After Monet's death, she remained in Giverny and continued painting. Recognizing her body of work, a street bears her name in the village of Giverny.[2]

Dr. Janine Burke believes that Blanche may have assisted Monet in the painting of the Grandes Décorations. Monet had trained and encouraged Blanche as an artist. In a chapter on Blanche and Monet in Source: Nature's Healing Role in Art and Writing (2009), Burke comments, "Given the sheer scale of the surfaces to be covered in the Grandes Décorations, it is logical to consider Monet had an assistant, and who better than Blanche?" [15]

Exhibitions[edit]

Solo exhibitions[edit]

  • 1927 - Galerie Bernheim-Jeune, Paris: Blanche Hoschedé (November 7–18, 1927)
  • 1931 - Galerie Bernheim-Jeune, Paris: Blanche Hoschedé Monet (March 9–20, 1931)
  • 1942 - Galerie Daber, Paris: Blanche Hoschedé ( October 16- November 7, 1942)
  • 1947 - Galerie d’art Drouot Provence, Paris: Blanche Hoschedé Monet (March 14- April 14, 1947)

Group exhibitions[edit]

Collections[edit]

Blanche Hoschedé Monet's works are in the following museums:

  • Toulouse-Lautrec Museum, Albi: Port de Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat
  • Musée Clemenceau, Paris: Garden in Giverny
  • Maison de Georges Clemenceau, Belebat: The Garden of Clemenceau and The Garden and the House
  • Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris: Along the River and House of Sorel-Moussel
  • Musée des Beaux-Arts de Rouen: Poplars along the River, Pivoines, and Claude Monet’s Garden[17]
  • Musée des Augustins, Toulouse: The Garden and House of Claude Monet in Giverny
  • Musée de la Cohue, Vannes: Le bassin, temps gris
  • Musée A.G. Poulain, Vernon: House of Claude Monet, L’étang de Giverny, Beach in Normandy, and The Cabbage[9]
  • Fondation Monet in Giverny[18]

Works[edit]

Partial list of Blanche Hoschedé Monet's works:

  • The Banks of the Seine, oil on canvas[19]
  • Claude Monet's Garden at Giverny, oil on canvas[19]
  • A Corner of the Garden at Giverny in Spring, oil on canvas[19]
  • Flowers in a Copper Vase, oil on canvas[19]
  • The Garden, oil on cardboard[19]
  • The Garden, 1904, oil on canvas[19]
  • The Garden at Giverny, 1927, oil on canvas[19]
  • Garden Flowers, 1930, oil on canvas[19]
  • The Gardens of Claude Monet in Giverny, oil on canvas[19]
  • Giverny: Rose Bush and Lilies, oil on canvas[19]
  • Haystack, oil on canvas[19]
  • The Japanese Bridge in Monet's Garden, oil on canvas[19]
  • The Lake, oil on canvas[19]
  • The Monet Rose Garden, oil on canvas[19]
  • Monet's Rose Garden at Giverny, oil on canvas[19]
  • A Road near Giverny, oil on canvas[19]
  • Still Life with Asters, Pitcher and Apples, oil on canvas[19]
  • Water Lilies, 1946, oil on canvas[19]
  • Water Lilies, oil on canvas[19]
  • Water Lilies at Giverny, oil on canvas[19]
  • Willows by the Pond in Giverny, oil on canvas[19]

Popular culture[edit]

A movie entitled Monet, la lumière blanche, directed by Chantal Picault, will be produced including the following actors:[20]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Metropolitan Museum of Art stated that he died in 1913.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "In the Woods at Giverny: Blanche Hoschedé at Her Easel with Suzanne Hoschedé Reading". Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Retrieved August 28, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Blanche Hoschedé Monet Biography". ArtGiverny. Retrieved August 28, 2014. 
  3. ^ Street Singer Provenance Information. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Retrieved August 27, 2014.
  4. ^ Museyon Guides (1 July 2011). Art + Paris Impressionists & Post-Impressionists: The Ultimate Guide to Artists, Paintings and Places in Paris and Normandy. Museyon Guides. pp. 29, 30. ISBN 978-1-938450-24-2. 
  5. ^ Sue Roe, Sue (2006). The Private Lives of the Impressionists. New York: Harper Collins Publishers. p. 157. ISBN 0-06-054558-5. 
  6. ^ Christoph Heinrich (2000). Monet. Taschen. pp. 45–46. ISBN 978-3-8228-5972-8. 
  7. ^ Sophie Dargere (1991), Blanche Hoschedé Monet, Exhibition Catalogue (French) 
  8. ^ Museyon Guides (1 July 2011). Art + Paris Impressionists & Post-Impressionists: The Ultimate Guide to Artists, Paintings and Places in Paris and Normandy. Museyon Guides. pp. 23, 29. ISBN 978-1-938450-24-2. 
  9. ^ a b c "Artists of Giverney: Blanche-Hoschedé Monet (1865-1947)". giverny.org. Retrieved August 28, 2014. 
  10. ^ Jean Pierre Hoschedé (1961), Blanche Hoschedé Monet, Impressionist painter not in the shadow but in the light of Claude Monet, Rouen: Lecerf 
  11. ^ Monet's Years at Giverny: Beyond Impressionism. Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1978. p. 160. ISBN 978-0-87099-174-5. 
  12. ^ Monet's Years at Giverny: Beyond Impressionism. Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1978. p. 171. ISBN 978-0-87099-174-5. 
  13. ^ "Jean Monet (1867–1913) on His Hobby Horse". Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved August 27, 2014. 
  14. ^ Monet's Years at Giverny: Beyond Impressionism. Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1978. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-87099-174-5. 
  15. ^ Janine Burke (1 June 2012). Source: Nature's Healing Role in Art and Writing. Allen & Unwin. ISBN 978-1-74237-937-1. 
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ "MONET Blanche, HOSCHEDE Blanche (née) - search on Blanche Monet". Catalogue. Joconde - Portail des collections des musées de France. Retrieved August 28, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Giverny: The foundation Claude Monet". Giverny Village. Retrieved August 28, 2014. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "Blanche Hoschedé-Monet - Artworks". The Athenaeum. Retrieved August 28, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Monet, La Lumiere Blanche". Premier (French). Retrieved August 27, 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Blanche Hoschedé Monet at Wikimedia Commons