Blanche of Anjou

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Blanche of Anjou
MSC Blanca d'Anjou.png
Queen consort of Aragon
Tenure 1295–1310
Coronation 1296 (Zaragoza)
Born 1280
Died 14 October 1310
Barcelona
Burial Santes Creus.
Spouse James II of Aragon
Issue
Among Others
James
Alfonso IV of Aragon
Maria
Isabella, Queen of Germany
House Capetian House of Anjou
Father Charles II of Naples
Mother Maria of Hungary
Religion Roman Catholicism
Signature Blanche of Anjou's signature
Blanche and her family in Bible of Naples

Blanche of Anjou (1280 – 14 October 1310) was Queen of Aragon as the second spouse of King James II. She was a member of the Capetian House of Anjou, she is also known as Blanche of Naples. She served as Regent or "Queen-Lieutenant" of Aragon during the absence of her spouse in 1310.[1]

Life[edit]

Blanche was the daughter of Charles II of Naples and Maria of Hungary.[2] Among her siblings were Robert I of Naples, Saint Louis of Toulouse, Philip I of Taranto, titular Emperor of Constantinople, Charles Martel, titular King of Hungary, Eleanor, Queen of Sicily, and Maria, Queen of Majorca. She was originally betrothed in 1290 to John I, Marquess of Montferrat. Her father was helping him defend Montferrat, hoping to make John his vassal. However, the engagement was broken off and John died childless in 1305.

The new Pope Boniface VIII, elected in 1294 at Naples under the auspices of King Charles, mediated between the latter and James II of Aragon,[3] and the Treaty of Anagni was signed: James was to marry Blanche and was promised the investiture, by the pope, of Sardinia and Corsica, while he was to leave the Angevin a free hand in Sicily and even to assist him if the Sicilians resisted.[4]

On 29 October or 1 November 1295 at Vilabertran, Blanche and James were married.[3]

Blanche died on the 14 October 1310, during her regency in the absence of James. Her death was probably linked to the birth of her daughter Violante, who was born in October 1310. Blanche was buried at Santes Creus. She was survived by her husband, children and mother.

Issue[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Theresa Earenfight: The King's Other Body: Maria of Castile and the Crown of Aragon, 2010
  2. ^ Bernard F. Reilly, The Medieval Spains, (Cambridge University Press, 1993), 168.
  3. ^ a b Monks and Politics in Thirteenth Century Wales and Catalonia, Karen Stober, Thirteenth Century England XIV: Proceedings of the Aberystwyth and Lampeter , ed. Janet Burton, Phillipp Schofield and Bjö Weiler, (The Boydell Press, 2013), 93-94.
  4. ^ Steven Runciman, The Sicilian Vespers: A History of the Mediterranean World in the Later Thirteenth Century, (Cambridge University Press, 2000), 270.

Sources[edit]

Blanche of Anjou
Cadet branch of the House of Capet
Born: circa 1280 Died: 14 October 1310
Royal titles
Preceded by
Isabella of Castile
Queen consort of Sicily
1295–1296
Succeeded by
Eleanor of Anjou
Queen consort of Aragon
1295–1310
Succeeded by
Maria of Lusignan
New title Queen consort of Sardinia and Corsica
1297–1310