Blanche of France, Duchess of Orléans
|Blanche of France|
|Duchess of Orléans|
Tomb of Blanche in Notre-Dame
|Born||1 April 1328|
|Died||8 February 1382(aged 53)|
|Burial||Basilica of St Denis|
|Spouse||Philip, Duke of Orléans|
|Father||Charles IV of France|
As with his brother before him, Charles IV died without a male heir, thus ending the direct line of the House of Capet. Twelve years earlier, a rule against succession by females, arguably derived from the Salic law, had been recognized as controlling succession to the French throne. Application of this rule barred Charles' 1-year-old daughter Mary from succeeding as the monarch.
Jeanne was also pregnant at the time of his death. Since it could have been possible that she would give birth to a son, a regency was set up with the heir presumptive Philip of Valois, a member of the House of Valois (the next-most-senior branch of the Capetian dynasty), being the regent. After two months, Jeanne gave birth to Blanche. The regent thus became the King and in May was consecrated and crowned Philip VI. At this time, a further rule of succession, again arguably based on the Salic law, was recognized as forbidding not only inheritance by a woman, but also inheritance through a female line.
Blanche married on 8 January 1345 her cousin Philip, Duke of Orléans (1336–1375), son of King Philip VI of France and Queen Joan the Lame. They had no children but Philip had illegitimate children. He had died in 1376, his title and lands returning to the royal domain.
|Ancestors of Blanche of France, Duchess of Orléans|