Blankenese

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Blankenese
Beach of Blankenese
Beach of Blankenese
Blankenese is located in Germany
Blankenese
Coordinates: 53°33′0″N 9°50′0″E / 53.55000°N 9.83333°E / 53.55000; 9.83333Coordinates: 53°33′0″N 9°50′0″E / 53.55000°N 9.83333°E / 53.55000; 9.83333
Country Germany
State Hamburg
City Hamburg
Borough Altona, Hamburg
Area
 • Total 8.3 km2 (3.2 sq mi)
Population (31.12.2006)
 • Total 13,011
 • Density 1,600/km2 (4,100/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Dialling codes 040
Vehicle registration HH

Blankenese is a former independent town, now a suburban quarter in the borough Altona in the western part of Hamburg (Germany). It is located on right bank of the Elbe river. In 2006 the population was 13,011.

History[edit]

Blankenese has a long history as a fishing village along the Elbe River.

In 1060, Archbishop Adalbert of Bremen built a provost's residence at the site of an older settlement at the hill Süllberg. Later the counts of Holstein built a castle. Both were destroyed through Hamburg.[1]

Until 1927 Blankenese was an independent town in Holstein and then it was merged into the town Altona by law. In 1938 Altona was merged into Hamburg with the Greater Hamburg Act.[1]

During World War II, the suburb held a Luftwaffe Officer Cadet camp, which became HQ 85 Group Signals for the Royal Air Force in 1945.[2]

Nowadays, it is regarded as one of Germany's most affluent neighborhoods.[citation needed]

Origin of the name[edit]

Blankenese comes from the Low German blanc ness, meaning white promontory in the Elbe river.[1]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2006 records of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holsteins' statistical office, Blankenese comprises a total area of 8.3 square kilometres (3.2 square miles).

Blankenese is located south of Sülldorf, east of Rissen and west of Nienstedten. To the south is the widest point of the river Elbe (2.8 km) which provides various tourist and recreational opportunities as well as a view of the Airbus plant.

The stunning views from the river-facing portions of Blankenese have resulted in highly desirable properties and expensive real estate prices. The steep hillside residences boast many tiny, pedestrian-only streets and 4,864 stairs. The Strandweg is home to the Strand Hotel, built in 1902, as well as several other cafes and restaurants. There are two lighthouses, a Roman garden, a doll museum and many parks and walking trails in Blankenese.

Parks[edit]

  • Baurspark
  • Bismarckstein Park
  • Gosslerspark
  • Hessepark
  • Hirschpark (Deer Park)
  • Sven-Simon-Park

Demographics[edit]

In 2006 there were 13,011 people living in Blankenese. The population density was 1,577/km2 (4,084/sq mi). Of the total population 16.7% were children under the age of 18, 24.2% were 65 years of age or older, and 10.2% were immigrants. 189 people were registered as unemployed.[3] In 1999 there were 6,990 households out of which 16.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them and 47.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 1.97.[4]

Education[edit]

There are 3 elementary schools and 3 secondary schools:[5] Gymnasium Willhöden, Gymnasium Blankenese and Gesamtschule Blankenese.[6]

Infrastructure[edit]

A local office of the main district office Altona called Customer Centre Blankenese is located at Sülldorfer Kirchenweg 2.[6] The local quarter court Amtsgericht Hamburg-Blankenese is located at Dormienstrasse.[6]

The Honorary Consulate of the Kingdom of Morocco (Al Mamlakah al Maghribiyah) established in Hamburg in 1960 is located on the street In de Bargen.[7]

Commerce[edit]

Blankeneser Landstrasse and Blankenese Bahnhofstrasse form the main intersection of commercial activities in Bankenese. While the shops, banks and post office are open normal business hours from Monday through Saturday, the popular public farmer's market is only available on Tuesday, Friday & Saturday.

Health systems[edit]

The hospital Tabea GmbH, located at Kösterbergstrasse, has 32 beds and is specialized for hip and knee surgery and varicose vein surgery.[8]

There were also 73 physicians in private practice and 5 pharmacies.[5]

Transportation[edit]

Blankenese is serviced by the rapid transit system of the S-Bahn with the Blankenese station and several buses of the public transport organisation. According to the Department of Motor Vehicles (Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt), there were 6,333 private cars registered (486 cars/1000 people).[5]

As of the summer of 2008, the main train station in Blankenese was being completely rebuilt.

Blankenese's waterfront is serviced many times a day by various, inexpensive water shuttles. There are many buoys in the river to help guide all sizes of watercraft, since this part of the river has many sandbars and is subject to the tides.

Lighthouse[edit]

It has 2 Lighthouses, the Blankenese Low Lighthouse, which has 42m high and 3 Platform decks for visitors at Strandweg, and the Blankenese High Lighthouse of 40m high at Bauerspark. Both form a straight line together to Elbe River for coming ships.

Wrecks[edit]

Both Waste on the Beach were already required to be removed, while is dangerous for people playing in water, but because attracts tourists and Residents do not want their removal, remained there. The term of not removing them is the fact it is behind the breakwater of stones along river, which do not interfere in the ships' movement in the Elbe river channel.

Polstjernan[edit]

1. The remains of the Finnish motor glider Polstjernan, which came on 20.10.1926 in today's Kiel Canal in fire and was towed away and exploited by the Blankeneser salvage company Harmstorf. Location: Falkensteiner in the Elbe, street bank at no. 26. UTM coordinates: 5934830.59 N, 552083.28 E [9] The wreck Polstjernan (Pole Star) is situated on the banks of the Elbe Strandweg, not far from the road. At low tide you can see it, even without getting your feet wet to achieve. The ship was an old Finnish Four-masted schooner, fully loaded with wood in 1926, shich at the drive-through of Kaiser Wilhelm's channel (today Kiel Canal) caught fire, because the engine had exploded. She was then, a few days later, towed to Blankenese, where she was temporarily moored. By difficulties with the assurance felt ultimately no longer responsible for the wreck and it remained lying there ever since. Since it floated in flood again, it was complained scrap after the World War 2 with submarine parts and is used since then as a breakwater. [10]

Uwe[edit]

2. This was a Barge in the immediate vicinity, direct on the beach, the remained Stern of her partly in the water (inland "Uwe "19.12.1975 sunk). [11] A few meters upriver is a second wreck. It is a single-engine boat called Uwe that loaded in 1975 was rammed in dense fog before Wittenbergen from another vessel, Wiedau, broke apart and sank. It has been involuntarily separated during the recovery in four parts and even recovered the rear, because the company Hamrstorf salvaged the vessel, had become later specialized in pipeline installation. Therefore, today stands only the rear part of her in the water into the air. [12]

Notable people[edit]

Web presence[edit]

Blankense has its own website which posts recent pictures and news events for its residents.

Additionally, one can view live webcam feeds from up and down the Elbe River, starting with the harbor all the way to Cuxhaven. These webcams[13] allow virtual visitors of Blankenese to watch the many commercial container and pleasure ships travel up and down the Elbe in real time.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Blankenese is twinned with:

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Hamburger Abendblatt: Blankenese - Wohnen am Hang June 26, 2002 http://abendblatt.de Accessed August 11, 2008 (German)
  2. ^ Florence Gould. 'My War Service', WW2 People's War (BBC, 13 January 2006).
  3. ^ Residents registration office, source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)
  4. ^ Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (1999)
  5. ^ a b c Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)
  6. ^ a b c Mit Hamburg verbunden 2007/2008 a reference book by the government agency of finance (German)
  7. ^ List of the Consular corps, the trade missions, cultural institutes and international institutes in the Free and Hanseatic city of Hamburg, Senate of the Free and Hanseatic city of Hamburg, Chancellery of the Senate (April 2008)
  8. ^ Hospitals in Hamburg 2006, government agency for social affairs, family affairs, health and environment website (German)
  9. ^ http://www.hamburg.de/geotourismus-geologie/1685648/wrack-der-polstjernan-altona/ | Wreck Polstjernan
  10. ^ http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?200268 | Wreck Description
  11. ^ http://www.schulcommsy.de/wikis/276082/2626342/Main/TextDieWracksWeiter | Wreck Uwe
  12. ^ http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?200350 | Description of Wreck Uwe
  13. ^ "Schiffswiki.de". Unser-wedel.de. Retrieved 2012-10-18. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Blankenese at Wikimedia Commons