Talostolida teres

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Talostolida teres
A live individual of Talostolida teres
Talostolida teres 01.JPG
Five views of a shell of Talostolida teres
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda
clade Hypsogastropoda
clade Littorinimorpha
Superfamily: Cypraeoidea
Family: Cypraeidae
Genus: Talostolida
Species: T. teres
Binomial name
Talostolida teres
(Gmelin, 1791)
Synonyms[1]
  • Blasicrura teres (Gmelin, 1791)
  • Cribraria teres (Gmelin, 1791)
  • Cypraea teres Gmelin, 1791

Talostolida teres, common name the tapering cowry, is a species of sea snail, a cowry, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Cypraeidae, the cowries.[1]

Subspecies[edit]

Recognized subspecies within this species are:

  • Talostolida teres alveolus (Tapparone-Canefri, 1882) (synonyms: Blasicrura teres alveolus (Tapparone-Canefri, 1882); Cribraria teres alveolus Tapparone-Canefri, 1882; Cypraea teres alveolus Tapperone-Canefri)
  • Talostolida teres elatensis (Heiman & Mienis, 2002) (synonym: Blasicrura teres elatensis Heiman & Mienis, 2002)
  • Talostolida teres janae (Lorenz, 2002) (synonym: * Blasicrura teres janae Lorenz, 2002)
  • Talostolida teres natalensis (Heiman & Mienis, 2002) (synonym: * Blasicrura teres natalensis Heiman & Mienis, 2002)
  • Talostolida teres teres (Gmelin, 1791) (synonyms: Blasicrura teres teres (Gmelin, 1791); Cypraea teres teres Gmelin, 1791)

Description[edit]

The shells of these quite common cowries reach on average 25–32 millimetres (0.98–1.26 in) of length, with a minimum size of 8 millimetres (0.31 in) and a maximum size of 44 millimetres (1.7 in). They are very variable in pattern and colour. The shape may be cylindrical or sub-cylindrical. The dorsum surface is smooth and shiny, the basic color is whitish, greenish or pale brown, with irregular dark brown patches, sometimes forming two-three transversal bands. The surface may also be completely grey-greenish. The margins are white or pale brown, with some dark dots and a pronounced labial 'callus'. The base is white or pinkish with fine short teeth. In the living cowries mantle is orange-reddish, with white sensorial papillae. Mantle and foot are well developed, with external antennae.

Distribution[edit]

This species and the subspecies occur widely in the Red Sea, in the Indian Ocean off East Africa and South Africa (Aldabra, Chagos, the Comores, Kenya, Madagascar, the Mascarene Basin, Mauritius, Mozambique, Réunion, the Seychelles, Somalia and Tanzania) and in Western and Eastern Pacific Ocean along Western Australia, Philippines and Hawaii. The subspecies Blasicrura teres pellucens (Melvill, 1888) reach Galapagos and Panama.

Habitat[edit]

These cowries live on rocks or under corals in the intertidal zone.

References[edit]

  • Verdcourt, B. (1954). The cowries of the East African Coast (Kenya, Tanganyika, Zanzibar and Pemba). Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society 22(4) 96: 129-144, 17 pls.
  • Burgess, C.M. (1970). The Living Cowries. AS Barnes and Co, Ltd. Cranbury, New Jersey
  • E.L.Heiman – The Ters Complex - The Teres Complex

External links[edit]