|Native name: Na Blascaodaí|
Blasket Islands as seen from Dunmore Head
Location map of the Blasket Islands
The Blasket Islands (Na Blascaodaí in Irish - etymology uncertain: it may come from the Norse word "brasker", meaning "a dangerous place") are a group of islands off the west coast of Ireland, forming part of County Kerry.
The six principal islands of the Blaskets are:
- Great Blasket Island (An Bhlascaod Mór)
- Beginish (Beiginis)
- Inishnabro (Inis na Bró)
- Inishvickillane (Inis Mhic Uileáin)
- Inishtooskert (Inis Tuaisceart)
- Tearaght Island (An Tiaracht)
They were inhabited until 1953 by a completely Irish-speaking population, and today are part of the Gaeltacht. The inhabitants were evacuated by the government to the mainland on 17 November 1953 due to the declining population and harsh nature of life on the island.[why?] Many[quantify] of the descendants currently[when?] live in Springfield, Massachusetts,[not in citation given] and some former residents still live on the Dingle Peninsula, within sight of their former home.
The islanders were the subject of much anthropological and linguistic study around the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries particularly from writers and linguists such as Robin Flower, George Derwent Thomson and Kenneth H. Jackson. Thanks to their encouragement and that of others, a number of books were written by islanders that record much of the islands' traditions and way of life. These include An tOileánach (The Islandman) by Tomás Ó Criomhthain, Peig by Peig Sayers and Fiche Blian ag Fás (Twenty Years A-Growing) by Muiris Ó Súilleabháin.
The Blasket Islands have been called Next Parish America, based on the erroneous idea that the next parish west of the islands would be the United States. The actual next parish west of the Blasket Island would be located in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.
There is a ferry service that calls only to the Great Blasket and sails from Dunquin. This ferry service is mainly for day-trippers. People can also camp on the island overnight. Passengers are transferred to a RIB (Rubber Inflatable Boat) once the ferry gets close to the island, as there are no adequate landing facilities for a larger vessel.
- Stagles, Joan and Ray, The Blasket Islands: Next Parish America. Dublin: O'Brien Press, 1980 (new edn. 1998).
- Flynn, Anne-Gerard (4 September 2015). "Irish president's tribute read at Blasket islander Michael Carney's Springfield funeral". Springfield Republican. Springfield, MA. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Blasket Islands.|
- The Blascaod Centre in Dún Chaoin
- The last of the Blasket evacuees: ‘We weren’t great mixers on the mainland’
- Evacuation marks end of an era as last families leave the Blaskets