|Pokémon series character|
|First game||Pokémon Red and Blue|
|Designed by||Ken Sugimori|
|Voiced by (English)||Eric Stuart|
|Voiced by (Japanese)||Unshō Ishizuka|
Blastoise, known in Japan as Kamex (カメックス Kamekkusu?), is a Water type Pokémon species in Nintendo and Game Freak's Pokémon franchise. Created by Ken Sugimori, Blastoise first appeared in the video games Pokémon Red and Blue and subsequent sequels, later appearing in various merchandise, spinoff titles and animated and printed adaptations of the franchise. It is the final evolution of Squirtle, and next evolution of Wartortle. Its name is composed by the words "Blast" and "Tortoise".
Concept and characteristics
Blastoise was one of 151 different designs conceived by Game Freak's character development team and finalized by Ken Sugimori for the first generation of Pocket Monsters games Red and Green, which were localized outside of Japan as Pokémon Red and Blue. Originally called "Kamex" in Japanese, Nintendo decided to give the various Pokémon species "clever and descriptive names" related to their appearance or features when translating the game for western audiences as a means to make the characters more relatable to American children.
Blastoise, known as the Shellfish Pokémon, is the final stage in Squirtle evolution. It takes on an appearance radically different from its previous forms; the most obvious change is the addition of two retractable cannons on its shell. It is also a girthier and more imposing figure: the shape of its head is completely reformed; its limbs are now stout and segmented, bearing visible claws; and its once sought-after tail is short and somewhat stubby. The afore-mentioned cannon spouts are remarkable adaptations, allowing a Blastoise to shoot water with great power and accuracy. The jets of water it spouts from the rocket cannons on its shell can punch through thick steel, while their bullets of water can precisely nail tin cans from a distance of over 160 feet. The spouts also allow for high-speed tackles. Despite being large and heavy, Blastoise can still move well on either two legs or all fours. Blastoise can be found living on island beaches near the ocean, but their preferred habitat seems to be freshwater ponds and lakes.
In the video games
Blastoise first appeared in Pokémon Red and Blue as a Pokémon obtained by evolving the Pokémon Squirtle through leveling up. Squirtle is obtained at the beginning of the game where players may choose from it, Bulbasaur, or Charmander. It is the mascot for the Blue version. It also appears in the remakes Pokémon Yellow and Pokémon FireRed and LeafGreen. Since then, Blastoise has appeared in each main Pokémon title. Outside of the main series, Blastoise is seen in Pokémon Pinball, Pokémon Trozei!, the Pokémon Mystery Dungeon titles, the Pokémon Ranger titles, Pokémon Rumble, and PokéPark Wii: Pikachu's Adventure. Blastoise also appears in Super Smash Bros. Melee as both a Pokémon that can be summoned from the Poké Ball item to use against opponents and a collectible trophy. Blastoise is one of several Pokémon in Pokémon X and Y that will able to use the new Mega Evolution mechanic, becoming Mega Blastoise. It was given a Mega Evolution about one and a half years into the development of Pokémon X and Y. Squirtle (along with Bulbasaur and Charmander) was added to the game in a significant role in order to allow players to experience Blastoise's Mega Evolution. It was also due to the starters' "iconic" nature.
In the anime
A handful of trainers in the anime series have owned Blastoise, notably Gary Oak who raised one from a Squirtle, his starter. While the initial appearance of Blastoise was in a first season episode about an island filled with giant robot Pokémon, the first real Blastoise made its debut in Beach Blank-Out Blastoise, an episode where a Jigglypuff had become lodged in one of the Blastoise's cannons, causing the latter to sleep indefinitely. Blastoise also received some screen time in the first Pokémon movie, Mewtwo Strikes Back, as a Pokémon nicknamed Shellshocker, owned by one of the major supporting characters, Neesha. Blastoise are also owned by Cissy, a member of the Orange Crew; and Brock’s mother Lola.
In the manga
In the Pokémon Adventures manga, Green stole a Squirtle from Prof. Oak's Lab. This Squirtle ultimately becomes a Blastoise, nicknamed Blasty, with a tricky personality like its owner, and becomes the major powerhouse on Green's team. it also provided a quick route of aerial transport by withdrawing its limbs into its shell, and blasting water out from its cannons to propel itself forward. Green lent Blasty to Red to assist his journey on Mt. Silver. Blasty inherited the ultimate water attack, Hydro Cannon, directly from Kimberly, without requiring the Jump Path, Catch Path, and Battle Path to master the skills.
IGN's Pokémon Chick called it "quite popular". GamesRadar editor Brett Elston commented that Blastoise is “hecka cool” and “well worth the effort.” GamesRadar editor Brett Elston compared Blastoise to Charizard, stating that while Charizard plays the "safe route" in being a dragon, Blastoise takes a more unique form by being a giant turtle with water cannons coming out of its shell. UGO Networks called Blastoise "badass." GamePro wrote that a lot of players chose Blastoise for its two hydro cannons. In a poll conducted by IGN, it was voted as the 3rd best Pokémon, where the staff remembered being torn between Blastoise and Charizard, but stated "a blue turtle with giant cannons sticking out of its back was certainly amazing". They further commented that "in the Red/Blue days, Blastoise comes across more like a fat hippopotamus than a massively popular, kick ass Pokémon". Kotaku's Patricia Hernandez included its Mega Evolution in her list of the worst Mega Evolutions. Official Nintendo Magazine readers named it the fourth best Water-type Pokémon. ONM writer Thomas East included it in his list of some of the coolest Pokémon. He called it the Water-type equivalent of Charizard. Game Revolution's Alex Osborn named it his 10th greatest Pokémon of all time. The character has become so popular that one couple in Illinois has even nicknamed its infant "blastoise", due to his affinity for carrying formula bottles on his back. 
- Staff. "2. 一新されたポケモンの世界". Nintendo.com (in Japanese). Nintendo. p. 2. Retrieved 2010-09-10.
- Stuart Bishop (2003-05-30). "Game Freak on Pokémon!". CVG. Archived from the original on 2008-02-08. Retrieved 2008-02-07.
- Chua-Euan, Howard (November 22, 1999). "PokéMania". TIME. Archived from the original on 2008-09-13. Retrieved 2008-09-15.
- Game Freak (2007-04-22). Pokémon Diamond. Nintendo DS. Nintendo.
The jets of water it spouts from the rocket cannons on its shell can punch through thick steel.
- Pokédex: The waterspouts that protrude from its shell are highly accurate. Their bullets of water can precisely nail tin cans from a distance of over 165 feet. Game Freak (2005-05-01). Pokémon Emerald. Game Boy. Nintendo.
- Pokédex: A brutal Pokémon with pressurized water jets on its shell. They are used for high speed tackles. Game Freak (1998-09-30). Pokémon Red and Blue. Game Boy. Nintendo.
- "Mega Pokémon". Pokemonxy.com. 2013-09-04. Retrieved 2013-09-04.
- Betka, Zach (2013-09-19). "Pokemon X/Y: WHY?! Director Masuda himself answers!". GamesRadar. Retrieved 2014-03-16.
- Phillips, Tom (2013-09-19). "A new perspective: How Pokémon X and Y refreshes the series". Eurogamer. Retrieved 2014-05-18.
- Atsuhiro Tomioka (writer) (September 20, 2003). "The Ties That Bind". Pokémon. Season Master Quest. Episode 268. Various.
- Takeshi Shudō (writer) (September 30, 1998). "Island of the Giant Pokémon". Pokémon. Season Indigo League. Episode 17. Various.
- Atsuhiro Tomioka (writer) (September 20, 1999). "Beach Blank-Out Blastoise". Pokémon. Season Indigo League. Episode 58. Various.
- Takeshi Shudo (writer) (November 10, 1999). "Pokémon: The First Movie". Pokémon. Various.
- Yukiyoshi Ōhashi (writer) (February 5, 2000). "Fit to be Tide". Pokémon. Season Adventures on the Orange Islands. Episode 85. Various.
- Atsuhiro Tomioka (writer) (June 24, 2006). "A Family That Battles Together, Stays Together!". Pokémon. Season Pokémon Chronicles. Episode 5. Various.
- Kusaka, Hidenori; Mato (May 28, 1998). "Chapter 30". Zap! Zap! Zapdos!. Pokémon Adventures. Volume 3: Saffron City Siege. VIZ Media LLC. ISBN 4-09-149333-5.
- "Pokemon Crystal Version Pokemon of the Day: Jolteon (#135) – IGN FAQs". Faqs.ign.com. Retrieved October 17, 2011.
- "The complete Pokemon RBY pokedex, part 1, Pokemon Black / White Wii Features". GamesRadar. Retrieved October 17, 2011.
- Brett Elston. "The complete Pokemon RBY pokedex, part 1, Pokemon Diamond / Pearl DS Features". GamesRadar. p. 9.
- UGO Team July 23, 2010 Follow (July 23, 2010). "Blastoise". UGO.com. Retrieved October 17, 2011.
- Bailey, Kat (March 26, 2011). "WTF's up with you guys and: Pokemon, Feature Story from". GamePro. Archived from the original on 2011-11-30. Retrieved October 17, 2011.
- Rich. "Blastoise – No. 3 Top Pokémon – IGN". IGN. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
- Hernandex, Patricia (2013-10-16). "The Best and Worst of the New Mega Evolutions In Pokémon X & Y". Kotaku. Retrieved 2014-05-18.
- East, Thomas (2012-02-10). "Best Water Pokemon". Official Nintendo Magazine. p. 2. Retrieved 2014-05-18.
- East, Thomas (2012-12-17). "Top 10 cool Pokemon that aren't Legendary". Official Nintendo Magazine. Retrieved 2014-05-18.
- Osborn, Alex. "21 Greatest Pokémon of All Time". Game Revolution. p. 12. Retrieved 2014-05-18.
- "Pokemon names: A Growing Trend". 2012-12-17. Retrieved 2015-04-18.