Panorama of the town
|• Municipal mayor||Ante Šeparović|
|• Total||89.28 km2 (34.47 sq mi)|
|• Density||40/km2 (100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Blato is a municipality on the island of Korčula in Croatia. It is a municipal centre and can be reached by the main island road from city of Korčula. The road runs through the forests in the middle of the island of Korčula.
The town was amphitheatrically built on several hills around a small central valley (40 km away from the town of Korčula). A long avenue of lime trees called Zlinje runs through it, along with the towns public buildings (recently built: schools, hotel, bank, shops, municipal building, medical centre etc.). There is a City park that provides exceptional shade during the summer months.
The climate in Blato matches the entire island of Korčula - it is located in the Adriatic which has a Mediterranean climate, characterized by long, quiet, dry and hot summer days with clear, short and mild wet winters. During the entire year the temperatures go below 10 °C in January and February, while June, July, August and September they average above 20 °C. Rainfall is typically Mediterranean, with a peak in late autumn and early winter and a minimum in July.
Blato got its name from a neighbouring field which flooded on regular basis, until 1911. The Blato field was occasionally drained. This created a lake that dried up during summer. The construction of canals and tunnels channelled drainage water into the sea on the north coast. It created conditions for successful exploitation of more fertile land in this region.
The town itself is one of the oldest settlements on Korčula and is situated in the middle of the western part of a field. The area of Blato is believed to have been settled during Roman times. There is a church, Our Lady of the Field, located on the Blato Field that has Roman floors that place its beginnings in the 4th century. Archaeological remains of Roman Junianum (agricultural estate) have been discovered. Other remains have been found in the local area dating back to prehistoric and Illyrian times.
Between World War I and World War II, phylloxera attacked the grape vines, causing them to perish en masse. This greatly contributed to the economic crisis that was happening within the newly formed Yugoslavia. Blato was facing a mass exodus. It was the sixth largest place in Dalmatia, then a region of Austro-Hungary (Blato in 1910 had a population of 7102 ). During 1924 and 1925, about 890 residents abandoned their homes and left Blato. Whole families emigrated. to Australia  and Brazil (especially São Paulo).
Municipality of Blato
The Municipality of Blato, situated on the island of Korčula, administratively falls under the Dubrovnik-Neretva County. The municipality is made up of Blato and Potirna. It has access to the sea on both sides of the island. Once the main port of Blato, Prigradica is located about 3 km north of the town of Blato. The municipality's coastline is 36.3 kilometers in length. Within the area are olive trees and vineyards.
- Blato - 3570
- Potirna - 23
During the long history of Blato, the economy has been oriented around the production of agricultural products, especially wine. Olive oil, wine, carob and fig trees are the most significant products of the region. In the early 20th century Blato produced over 1000 carts of wine and 30 wagons of olive oil for export. In addition, they produced legumes and cereals for their own use. Strong development of agriculture led to the development of ancillary services such as crafts and commercial activities.
After the Second World War, Blato began a new cycle of development. They further developed the metal industry, textile industry, tourism and the agricultural industry. The population continued to decline, albeit more slowly than before. Industrial production in Blato, in recent times has seen a down turn with the closure of the textile factory Trikop. Metal industry and agriculture remains important for the economy. Tourism now plays an important role. Hotels and private apartments in Prizba and Prigadica have given new momentum to the economy of Blato.
The main economic entities in Blato today are:
- Radež Inc., a company manufacturing marine equipment and steel structures, the largest employer on the island
- Blato 1902 dd company for the purchase, processing and trade of agricultural products.
- Small artisans (craft and other services associated in the Association of Craftsmen)
- Individual agricultural production of wine and olive oil
- Tourism (rental apartments and houses for rent, hotels)
- Trade (trade houses and chains)
- Plumbing Blato dd
- Eko doo Company for Utilities
- Schools, municipalities and other government institutions and offices.
- Elementary School Blato
- High School Blato
- Marija Petković, a nun who was declared blessed, the founder of Congregation of Daughters of Mercy of St. Francis, the only religious community founded in Croatia.
- Meri Cetinić, singer
- Ivan Milat Luketa, painter
- Ante Žanetić, soccer player and Olympic gold medalist
- Administrator. "Stanovništvo". blato.hr.
- "Church of Our Lady of Poja". crkve.prizba.net. Retrieved October 22, 2009.
- Roman Junianum korcula. Arhiv Turističke naklade, 1997-Google books search. Retrieved October 22, 2009.
- "Korcula HISTORY". korculainfo.com. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
- Croatians in Australia and America (Studies of World Migrations) By Val Colic-Peisker. Google book search. Retrieved 22 October 2009.
- "History of immigration from Croatia". museumvictoria.com.au. Retrieved 22 October 2009.
- Norma Marinovic Doro, Narrativa épica e imigração, anpuhsp.org.br; accessed 3 December 2015.(in Portuguese)
- Barčot, Tonko (December 2011). "Vlast Nezavisne Države Hrvatske na otoku Korčuli" [The administration of the Independent State of Croatia on the island of Korčula] (PDF). Radovi Zavoda za povijesne znanosti HAZU u Zadru (in Croatian). Institute for Historical Sciences of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts in Zadar (53). Retrieved 9 April 2017.
- "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Blato". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
- "Zlatno Blato". Globus. 20 March 2012. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
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