Blauvelt State Park
|Blauvelt State Park|
|Type||State park (undeveloped)|
Blauvelt, New York
|Nearest city||Nyack, New York|
|Area||644 acres (2.61 km2)|
|Visitors||24,529 (in 2014)|
|Website||Blauvelt State Park|
Blauvelt State Park is a 644-acre (2.61 km2) undeveloped state park located in the Town of Orangetown in Rockland County, New York, near the Hudson River Palisades. The park's land occupies the site of the former Camp Bluefields, a rifle range used to train members of the New York National Guard prior to World War I. The park is located south of Nyack.
Prior to becoming Blauvelt State Park, the property was known as Camp Bluefields, a large rifle range used primarily to train members of the New York National Guard. The rifle range occupied 335 acres (1.36 km2) of land and was touted in 1910 as being the largest in the country. The range's location was criticized almost immediately, and complaints of stray bullets being encountered in nearby residential areas were registered even before the range's official completion. The rifle range operated from soon after the state's initial purchase of the land in 1909 until its administration was transferred to the Palisades Interstate Park Commission in 1913.
In the years that followed, Camp Bluefields was used as a YWCA summer camp for New York City working women, an ROTC training camp, a Columbia University summer camp, and as a destination for participants in the Fresh Air Fund. In 1930, the camp resumed military use by the U.S. Army, who used the property for training programs that year. In 1942, soldiers from Camp Shanks used the property as a training grounds, and it was used as an air raid post during World War II.
The adjacent Clausland Mountain County Park is the former home of a Nike missile launch site. During the Cold War the site was part of a ring of Nike surface-to-air missiles surrounding New York City, intended to defend the city from Soviet bombers.
Blauvelt State Park is a largely undeveloped park with no facilities other than hiking trails and limited parking. The park links with several other town and county parks, including Clausland Mountain County Park, Buttermilk Falls County Park, Tackamack Park and Schuyler/Bradley Town Park, creating a largely seamless park range on the Hudson Palisades.
Ruins of Camp Bluefield's long-abandoned rifle range, including tunnels that connected down-range targets to the firing line, are also visible within the park.
- "Blauvelt Point State Park". NYS Office of Parks, Recreation & Historic Preservation. Retrieved April 4, 2016.
- "Section O: Environmental Conservation and Recreation, Table O-9". 2014 New York State Statistical Yearbook (PDF). The Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government. 2014. p. 674. Retrieved April 4, 2016.
- "State Park Annual Attendance Figures by Facility: Beginning 2003". Data.ny.gov. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
- Gottlock, Barbara H.; Gottlock, Wesley (2007). New York's Palisades Interstate Park. Charleston, S.C.: Arcadia Publishing. pp. 30–34. ISBN 0738554987. Retrieved July 13, 2015.
- "The Blauvelt Rifle Range". Forest and Stream (75). December 17, 1910. pp. 995–996. Retrieved July 13, 2015.
- "Say New Rifle Range is a Menace to Life - Rockland County Folk Fear Stray Bullets and Want Work on It Stopped". The New York Times. October 16, 1911. Retrieved July 13, 2015.
- "Blauvelt State Park and Tackamack Town Park". Rockland Audubon Society. Retrieved July 13, 2015.
- "Blauvelt State Park". New York-New Jersey Trail Conference. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
- Steinberg, David A. (2015). "The Army Tunnels". Hiking the Road to Ruins: Daytrips and Camping Adventures to Iron Mines, Old Military Sites, and Things Abandoned in the New York City Area... and Beyond. Rutgers University Press. pp. 27–32. Retrieved July 13, 2015.
- Fabend, Firth Haring (April–June 2006). "From Jan Claus' Land to t'Greynbos to Blauveltville to Blauvelt". South of the Mountains. New City, NY: Historical Society of Rockland County. 50 (2): 3–18.