Blazing Combat #3 (April 1966).
Cover art by Frank Frazetta
|Publication date||October 1965 to July 1966|
|No. of issues||4|
|Written by||Archie Goodwin|
|Artist(s)||Reed Crandall, Gene Colan
Frank Frazetta, Russ Heath
Joe Orlando, John Severin
Angelo Torres, Alex Toth
Al Williamson, Wally Wood
Blazing Combat was an American war-comics magazine published by Warren Publishing from 1965 to 1966. Written and edited by Archie Goodwin, with artwork by such industry notables as Gene Colan, Frank Frazetta, John Severin, Alex Toth, and Wally Wood, it featured war stories in both contemporary and period settings, unified by a humanistic theme of the personal costs of war, rather than by traditional men's adventure motifs.
Following the success of Warren Publishing's black-and-white horror-comics magazine Creepy in 1964, publisher James Warren expanded into war fiction the following year with the short-lived Blazing Combat. The black-and-white, 64-page Blazing Combat ran four quarterly issues, cover-dated October 1965 to July 1966, and, like Creepy, carried a 35-cent cover price.
Warren was inspired by the humanistic drama in editor Harvey Kurtzman's EC Comics titles Frontline Combat (1951-1954) and Two-Fisted Tales (1950-1955), saying in 1999, "I thought what Harvey had done for [EC publisher] Bill Gaines should have separated in some way from the EC horror comics. Harvey's early work was the inspiration for Blazing Combat. I told Harvey Blazing Combat editorial was not going to be pro-war or blood and guts. It was going to be anti-war...."
Goodwin wrote all but one of the series' 29 stories, co-writing two with each story's respective artist. The generally six- to eight-page tales were illustrated by such EC war-story veterans as John Severin, Wally Wood — two of the primary Frontline Combat contributors — George Evans, Russ Heath, and Alex Toth, as well as by EC horror/sci-fi artists Reed Crandall and Joe Orlando. Other illustrators included Gene Colan, Al Williamson, Gray Morrow, and Angelo Torres. All four covers were paintings by Frank Frazetta.
While most stories took place during World War II, the settings ranged from the Persian Wars to the present-day. Some dealt with historical figures, such as American Revolutionary War general Benedict Arnold and his pre-traitorous victory at the Battle of Saratoga (issue #2, Jan. 1966), while "Foragers" (issue #3, April 1966) focused on a fictitious soldier in General William T. Sherman's devastating March to the Sea during the American Civil War. "Holding Action" (issue #2), set on the last day of the Korean War, ended with a gung-ho young soldier, unwilling to quit, being escorted over his protests into a medical vehicle. The final panel leaves ambiguous whether the trauma will be temporary or lasting.
The most controversial stories were set during the contemporary Vietnam War, particularly "Landscape" (issue #2), which follows the thoughts of a Vietnamese peasant rice-farmer devoid of ideology, who nonetheless becomes a civilian casualty. Warren said the story caused key distributors to stop selling the title.
The premiere issue of Blazing Combat reached newsstands in mid-1965, during a troop-escalation period years before American public sentiment would turn against the Vietnam War. Publisher James Warren said that, from the beginning, wholesale magazine distributors cautioned him that the magazine's anti-war stance presented a sales obstacle. As Warren recalled in a 1999 interview, "[H]ere is my distributor, saying, 'Uh oh! Wait until our wholesalers — many of them belonging to the American Legion — see this!' They found out very fast that it was anti-war".
Warren said the second issue's Vietnam-set story "Landscape", by writer Goodwin and artist Orlando, solidified wholesalers' stance against the magazine. As comics historian Richard Arndt describes,
The story concerns an old Vietnamese farmer who finally understands the true economics of war. ... According to Warren, the American Legion began a quiet campaign among distributors, many of whom belonged to the organization, to let the magazine sit on distributor shelves rather than be sent to the buying public. There were also problems from the armed forces (at the time a major purchaser of B&W comic magazines) ... began to refuse to sell Blazing Combat on their bases or PXs, due to its perceived 'anti-war' stance".
Warren said in 1999 that
...the Army PXs' refusal to carry Blazing Combat didn't kill it. That wasn't the death knell, but it told me the magazine would never make it on the newsstands. I was prepared to carry Blazing Combat and lose $2,000 an issue on it. ... Then the loss hit $4,000 for one issue. One of the reasons it dipped so low was because the PXs wouldn't take #4 (Army PXs were a big chunk of our business) and wholesalers were returning bundles unopened, along with nasty letters to me. This was beginning to reflect on the other books. In effect, they said, 'If Warren Publishing is turning out this unpatriotic crap, we don't want any of their other books!' ... The official documentation was their monthly order form from [the PXs], which listed 'zero copies ordered' for next month's Blazing Combat.
In a 1991 interview, Warren speculated on other reasons for the title's distribution problems
[W]hen a first issue came out from a small publisher...[the wholesalers] really didn't pay too much attention. They didn't know what the hell [Blazing Combat] was. They couldn't care less what it was... [N]o one would tell me the truth [about why sales dropped with the second issue]. Our national distributor didn't care enough to delve into it. The people who were responsible for it didn't have the courage to write me a letter, or telephone me, or tell me to my face at the conventions I attended —the distributing conventions or whatever...
Critic Jason Sacks, in his review of the book The Warren Companion, refers to Blazing Combat as "the finest war comics since the EC days", while comic-book historian Richard Arndt assesses Blazing Combat as, "Probably the best war comic ever published". Writer and critic Steve Stiles, in an overview of writer-editor Archie Goodwin's career, said, "The stories were both gritty and realistic ... showing the true horror of war".
- Trade paperback reprinting 17 black-and-white stories and all four color covers
- Cover of Creepy #89 (June 1977)
- Cover of Blazing Combat #1 (This issue of the horror anthology contained war stories)
- Creepy #139 (July 1982)
- "Survival" (Blazing Combat #3): Art by Alex Toth
- Creepy #142 (Oct. 1982)
- "Night Drop!" (Blazing Combat #4): Art by Angelo Torres
- "Kasserine Pass" (Blazing Combat #2): Art by Angelo Torres & Al Williamson
- Hardcover reprinting all four issues in their entirety
- Blazing Combat at Grand Comics Database
- "Wrightson's Warren Days: The James Warren Interview". Comic Book Artist (4). Spring 1999. Archived from the original on November 16, 2009. Additional
- Arndt, Richard J. (February 3, 2010). "The Warren Magazines: Interviews". (Requires scrolling down). EnjolrasWorld.com. Archived from the original on June 15, 2010. Retrieved September 22, 2010. Additional .
- Catron, Michael (2009). "A Conversation with James Warren". Blazing Combat. Fantagraphics. ISBN 1-5609-7965-8.
- Sacks, Jason (March 3, 2004). "The Warren Companion". (book review) Comics Bulletin. Archived from the original on March 22, 2012.
- Stiles, Steve. "Archie Goodwin and his Golden Age at Warren". SteveStiles.com. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Additional .
- Scott, Cord (2014). Comics and Conflict: Patriotism and Propaganda from WWII through Operation Iraqi Freedom. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 9781612514772.
- Dean, Michael (June 2003). "The Vampirella Wars: The Untold Story of James Warren's Custody Battle with Harris Comics" (253). (Excerpt), The Comics Journal. Archived from the original on August 22, 2008. Additional .