Bleak House (Knoxville, Tennessee)

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Bleak House
Location 3148 Kingston Pike
Knoxville, Tennessee
Architectural style Italianate
NRHP reference # 84000369
Added to NRHP November 8, 1984

Bleak House is an antebellum Classical Revival style house in Knoxville, Tennessee. It is on the National Register of Historic Places.


The house was first occupied by Robert Houston Armstrong and his wife, Louisa Franklin. It was built for the couple as a wedding gift by the bride's father, Major Lawson D. Franklin. Robert Armstrong's father, Drury Armstrong, gave them the land. The Armstrongs named the house after Charles Dickens' "Bleak House" novel of the same name.[1] The bricks in the house were molded on-site using slave labor.[2]

The home was used by Confederate Generals James Longstreet and Lafayette McLaws as their headquarters during the 1863 Battle of Knoxville. Three Confederate sharpshooters who were stationed in the house's tower were killed by Union cannonballs. Two of the cannonballs are still embedded in the walls, and Civil War-era sketches of the slain soldiers are displayed on the walls of the tower.[1][2]

The home now belongs to local Chapter 89 of the United Daughters of the Confederacy and is commonly called Confederate Memorial Hall.

Crescent Bend, built by Robert Armstrong's father, Drury, and Westwood, built by Robert's daughter, Adelia Armstrong Lutz, still stand a few blocks from the Bleak House on Kingston Pike.


  • Knoxville: Fifty Landmarks. (Knoxville: The Knoxville Heritage Committee of the Junior League of Knoxville, 1976).
  1. ^ a b A Brief History of Confederate Memorial Hall, United Daughters of the Confederacy, accessed October 24, 2008
  2. ^ a b East Tennessee's Mountain War Historical Sites, Tennessee Historical Commission

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°57′00″N 83°57′23″W / 35.9500°N 83.9565°W / 35.9500; -83.9565