Blechnum spicant

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Blechnum spicant
Blechnum spicant (fertile and sterile fronts).jpg

Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
B. spicant
Binomial name
Blechnum spicant

Blechnum spicant is a species of fern in the family Blechnaceae, known by the common names hard-fern[1] or deer fern. It is native to Europe and western North America. Like some other Blechnum it has two types of leaves. The sterile leaves have flat, wavy-margined leaflets 5 to 8 millimeters wide, while the fertile leaves have much narrower leaflets, each with two thick rows of sori on the underside.

The Latin specific epithet spicant is of uncertain origin, possibly referring to a tufted or spiky habit.[2]

B. spicant is hardy down to −20 °C (−4 °F) and evergreen, growing to 0.5 m (1 ft 8 in).[3] It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  2. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for Gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. ISBN 184533731X.
  3. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964.
  4. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Blechnum spicant". Retrieved 17 June 2013.

External links[edit]

Appearance in spring with dead sterile leaves.