Blechnum spicant

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Blechnum spicant
Blechnum spicant (fertile and sterile fronts).jpg

Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pteridophyta
Class: Pteridopsida
Order: Athyriales
Family: Blechnaceae
Genus: Blechnum
Species: B. spicant
Binomial name
Blechnum spicant
(L.) Sm.

Blechnum spicant is a species of fern in the family polypodiaceae, known by the common names hard-fern[1] or deer fern. It is native to Europe and western North America. Like some other Blechnum it has two types of leaves. The sterile leaves have flat, wavy-margined leaflets 5 to 8 millimeters wide, while the fertile leaves have much narrower leaflets, each with two thick rows of sori on the underside.

B. spicant is hardy and evergreen, growing to 0.5 m (1 ft 8 in).[2] It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007" (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  2. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  3. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Blechnum spicant". Retrieved 17 June 2013. 

External links[edit]

Appearance in spring with dead sterile leaves.