Bleeding or flushing is shiny, black surface film of asphalt on the road surface caused by upward movement of asphalt in the pavement surface. Common causes of bleeding are too much asphalt in asphalt concrete, hot weather, low space air void content and quality of asphalt.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-01-07. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-29. Retrieved 2013-09-14.
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