Blenheim, New York

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Blenheim, New York
Town
Location in Schoharie County and the state of New York.
Location in Schoharie County and the state of New York.
Coordinates: 42°29′11″N 74°29′56″W / 42.48639°N 74.49889°W / 42.48639; -74.49889Coordinates: 42°29′11″N 74°29′56″W / 42.48639°N 74.49889°W / 42.48639; -74.49889
Country United States
State New York
County Schoharie
Area
 • Total 34.4 sq mi (89.0 km2)
 • Land 33.9 sq mi (87.9 km2)
 • Water 0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2)
Elevation 1,545 ft (471 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 330
 • Density 9.7/sq mi (3.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
FIPS code 36-06893
GNIS feature ID 0978738

Blenheim is a town in Schoharie County, New York, United States. The population was 377 at the 2010 census. The town was named after a land patent, which itself was named after the Battle of Blenheim.

The Town of Blenheim is in the southwest part of the county and is east of Oneonta, New York.

History[edit]

The town was the site of raids and skirmishes during the American Revolution.

The town was one of the original six towns of the county, created in 1797 from Schoharie. In 1803, part of Blenheim was used to create the Town of Jefferson. Another part of Blenheim was taken in 1848 to form part of the new Town of Gilboa.

The town had one of the world's longest wooden single-span covered bridges (at 232 feet), the Old Blenheim Bridge. It was built in 1855 and existed until 2011, when it was destroyed by flooding caused by Tropical Storm Irene.[1]

The Lansing Manor House and North Blenheim Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[2]

Past residents of note[edit]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 34.4 square miles (89 km2), of which, 33.9 square miles (88 km2) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) of it (1.25%) is water.

The Schoharie Creek flows through the town.

New York State Route 30 is a north-south highway in the eastern part of Blenheim

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 1,826
1830 2,280 24.9%
1840 2,725 19.5%
1850 1,314 −51.8%
1860 1,367 4.0%
1870 1,437 5.1%
1880 1,191 −17.1%
1890 951 −20.2%
1900 768 −19.2%
1910 616 −19.8%
1920 516 −16.2%
1930 397 −23.1%
1940 415 4.5%
1950 378 −8.9%
1960 345 −8.7%
1970 260 −24.6%
1980 292 12.3%
1990 332 13.7%
2000 330 −0.6%
2010 377 14.2%
Est. 2014 371 [3] −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 330 people, 150 households, and 97 families residing in the town. The population density was 9.7 people per square mile (3.8/km²). There were 303 housing units at an average density of 8.9 per square mile (3.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.97% White, 1.52% African American, 0.30% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.12% of the population.

There were 150 households out of which 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.64.

In the town the population was spread out with 18.8% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 33.3% from 45 to 64, and 19.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $38,500, and the median income for a family was $44,821. Males had a median income of $32,321 versus $24,167 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,993. About 5.9% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 14.5% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Blenheim[edit]

  • Cole Hollow – A valley near the north town line.
  • Eminence – A hamlet on the northwest town line.
  • Mine Kill State Park – A state park in the southeast part of the town.
  • North Blenheim – A hamlet in the eastern part of the town on NY-30.
  • Ruth – A hamlet in the southwest part of the town on County Road 12.

Politics[edit]

Shawn J. Smith, Esq. (D) is the elected Supervisor of Blenheim, he also operates his law office out of the Chapman Hotel located in the Town of Blenheim. Smith was elected on November 5, 2013 in a close election against 20-year incumbent Bob Mann, Jr.

At the Democratic Caucus on September 10, 2015, the incumbent supervisor Shawn J. Smith was challenged by lifelong politician and former Secretary of State Gail Shaffer. The meeting was one of the largest caucuses ever held in the Town of Blenheim. Smith won overwhelmingly with nearly 70 percent of the votes cast. After the loss, Shaffer (a liberal Democrat) changed parties to run as a Republican and will face Smith at the General Election on November 3, 2015.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/01/us/01bridges.html
  2. ^ National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]