Blessington Street Basin

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Blessington Street Basin
Baisin Shráid Bhaile Coimín
Blessington Street Basin Reservoir 1.JPG
LocationCounty Dublin
Coordinates53°21′N 6°16′W / 53.350°N 6.267°W / 53.350; -6.267Coordinates: 53°21′N 6°16′W / 53.350°N 6.267°W / 53.350; -6.267
Typereservoir
Basin countriesIreland
Max. length120 m (390 ft)
Max. width60 m (200 ft)
Water volume15.1 megalitres (12.2 acre⋅ft)

Blessington Street Basin (Irish: Baisin Shráid Bhaile Coimín) is a drinking water reservoir in Dublin which operated from 1810 until the 1970s, serving the north city. It became a public park in 1994.[1]

History[edit]

The Blessington Street Basin was built in the early 19th century by Dublin Corporation. Construction began about 1803 and finished in 1810, the plant was opened as the Royal George Reservoir, named in honour of King George III.[2] The basin is rectangular, about 120 m long and 60 m wide basin took about 4 million gallons (15.1 million litres) of water.[3] The water came from Lough Owel in County Westmeath,[2] carried by pipe along the Royal Canal through a 3 km long pipeline into the basin at the western end of the Blessington Street. From its construction, the site was used as a public park.[4]

By 1869, the basin was not large enough for purpose, and water collection moved outside the city.[2] The basin continued to serve the Jameson's and Powers' distilleries until the 1970s, and then went out of operation as a reservoir.[5] There were worries about the stagnant water creating a typhoid outbreak in the late 1800s leading to the corporation wanting to fill in the basin and the stretch of water connecting the basin to the canal, this connection was finally filled in 1956.[3]

Refurbishment[edit]

In 1993 work began on the restoration of the site following a rejected proposal to extensively refurbish it in 1991.[5] The refurbishment was carried out by the Dublin City Council aided by FÁS, and with financial support from the National Heritage Council and A.L.O.N.E..[6] It was reopened as a park on the 4 November 1994. The site also includes a lodge house built in a Tudor style in 1811,[4] and another modern council building.[5]

Nature[edit]

Since its restoration, the basin now serves as a bird habitat, with an artificial island and a number of fish.[2][7] Amongst the birds that can be seen there are swans, tufted ducks, chaffinches, mallards and pigeons

References[edit]

  1. ^ O Conghaile, Pol (2013). Secret Dublin: An unusual guide. France: JonGlez. pp. 32–33. ISBN 978-2-36195-071-2.
  2. ^ a b c d Dublin City Public Libraries & Archive. "Blessington Street Basin, Phibsborough". Dublin City Public Libraries & Archive. Archived from the original on 13 April 2015. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  3. ^ a b Nolan, Conor (2001). "Off the beaten track" (PDF). Inland Waterways News. 28 (3). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-12. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  4. ^ a b UCD Archaeology. "Blessington Street Basin" (PDF). UCD Archaeology. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  5. ^ a b c Cassidy, Lisa. "Blessington Street Basin, Dublin 7". Built Dublin. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  6. ^ Dublin City Council. "Blessington Street Basin". Dublin City Council. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  7. ^ Archiseek. "1891 – Blessington Basin, Blessington Street, Dublin". Archiseek. Retrieved 6 April 2015.